Utopian Socialism clipped to UtSoc is an umbrella term for any type of socialism which rejects Marx's concept of 'scientific socialism' and material dialectic. Utopian Socialism isn't necessarily 'utopian' in the common sense, (although it oftentimes can be), and may involve a varying degree of pessimism about the nature of humanity. Henri de Saint-Simon, Charles Fourier, Robert Owen, and Pierre-Joseph Proudhon are examples of socialist theorists who were regarded by Marx and Engels as Utopian Socialists.
Bourgeois socialism or conservative socialism was a term used by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in various pieces, including in The Communist Manifesto. Conservative socialism was used as a rebuke by Marx for certain strains of socialism, but it has also been used by proponents of such a system. Bourgeois socialists are described as those that advocate for preserving the existing society using various means to only eliminate perceived evils of the system. Conservative socialism and right wing socialism are also used as a descriptor, and in some cases as a pejorative, by free-market conservative and right-libertarian movements and politicians to describe more economically interventionist strands of conservatism. The Marxist view is such that the bourgeois socialist is the sustainer of the current state of bourgeois class relations. In the Principles of Communism Engels describes them as "so-called socialists" who only seek to remove the evils inherent in capitalist society while maintaining the existing society often relying on methods such as welfare systems and grandiose claims of social reform. Opinions vary as to whether if bourgeois socialist is actively protecting or intentionally excusing the current order, but the common thread is that they are in objective fact preserving it. Rather than abolishing class divisions, they wish to simply raise everyone up to be a member of the bourgeoisie to allow everyone the ability to endlessly accumulate capital without a working class. In The Communist Manifesto, Marx and Engels use philanthropists, monks ("temperance fanatics") and reformers as examples of this type of socialist that they saw as opposed to their own aims. In expressing its views on the subject, Marx explicitly referenced Pierre-Joseph Proudhon's The Philosophy of Poverty, stating the following about bourgeois socialism:
The Socialistic bourgeois want all the advantages of modern social conditions without the struggles and dangers necessarily resulting therefrom.
Bourgeois socialists are considered as working for the enemies of communists by preserving the society that communists seek to overthrow thus Engels claims that communists must continuously struggle against them.
Utopianism (Thomas More)
Utopian Socialism usually does not analyse any ways of getting to her goals, or achieving them. Instead, she imagines her idea of a perfect society, usually based on some sense of morality or justice.
Acts like a hippie. Loves the Beatles, especially John Lennon. Very peaceful and hates conflict.
How to Draw
- Draw a ball
- Color it red
- Draw a yellow circle in the centre
- Slightly off the circumference of the circle, draw 8 yellow wide triangles pointing outward, making the rays of a sun
- Add the eyes and you're done!
|Red||#ED1F29||237, 31, 41|
|Yellow||#FFF200||255, 242, 0|
- Socialism - My beloved son. Though I'm quite scared of most of your more modern children.
- Philosophical Anarchism - Best friend!
- Anarcho-Pacifism - Peace, buddy.
- Reformist Marxism - He gets it!
- Democratic Socialism - My son who carries on my work quite well!
- Syndicalism - Using unionization and strikes to achieve socialism? Based!
- Lennonism - Thanks for the great song!
- Left Communism - No, I am not cringe.
- Yellow Socialism - Compromising with capitalists is great and all but do you have to be so reactionary?
- Reactionary Socialism - Compromising with the nobility is great but that's a bit much.
- Moderatism - Compromise is good, but why are you so pro-status quo??
- Capitalism - Maybe you can just... like, go away?
- Fascism - You know, you're kind of mean, and I don't like that.
- Nazism - YOU ARE NOT EVEN A SOCIALIST!!
- Marxism - Revolution sounds kind of violent and men, you know. And what do you mean I am impossible!
- Scientocracy - You literally made an experiment with mice only to tell people I am bad and everyone will die in my society!
- Neoconservatism - Please being mean to people for being socialist? Pretty Please?
- Utopia by Thomas More
- A New View Of Society by Robert Owen
- Looking Backward by Edward Bellamy
- News from Nowhere by William Morris
- Manifesto of Democracy by Victor Prosper Considerant
- ↑ William Godwin was an early Socialist and a Proto-Communist, with his thought largely influenced by Socialism writings of Robert Owen and Charles Fourier.