Tridemism, more commonly referred to by its full name The Three Principles of the People, is a civically neutral (later moderately authoritarian), economically variable (depending on time period and faction) ideology inhabiting a moderate position in between the 2 authoritarian quadrants (in its later stage). It is a Chinese ideology which was developed by Sun Yat-sen, meant to bring power and prosperity to China. It is based on three principles, those being Minzu, Minquan and Minsheng, also being the constitutional ideology of the Republic of China (Taiwan).
History and Variants
Tridemism, or the Three Principles of The People, was a nationalist and republican ideology developed by Chinese revolutionary Sun Zhongshan (Sun Yat-sen) during the Xinhai (Tsinghai) Revolution, and was the theory on which the Guomindang (Kuomintang - Chinese Nationalist Party) was based. Under these principles, Sun, the temporary president of the new revolutionary state, ruled the Republic of China, the successor of the last imperial Chinese dynasty of Qing. It was designed to make China a free, happy, and prosperous nation.
However, Sun suffered several defeats after the Xinhai Revolution as reactionary warlords such as Yuan Shikai and Zhang Zuolin obstructed the democratic and progressive reforms of Sun by all possible means in the aftermath of the revolution. Sun was powerless and upset with the development. With the financial support of the USSR, Sun was again able to rise in Canton with his new political party-the Kuomintang (KMT). During the military conquest of the north by the KMT and the development of the Huangpu Military Academy, Sun developed the idea of a political tutelage of the KMT to transform China into a modern democratic constitutional country without giving a specific timeframe to end the one-party state tutelage eventually.
The right KMT was officially formed after the cleansing against communists and communist sympathizers in the KMT in 1927 known as the ‘Shanghai Massacre’, the start of the so-called ‘white terror’. In addition, the white terror's primary targets were those who advocated the Soviet model of government and radicalism such as Wang Ming and Mao Zedong. Democratic socialists such as Chen Duxiu who advocated peace and compromising with the KMT were largely spared by the Right KMT's authroitarian regime.[Note 7]
The most prominent figures of Right KMT were Chiang Kai-shek, Hu Hanmin and his Western Hills Group (before his imprisonment), and Chiang Ching-kuo. The right KMT took a more anti-communist, socially conservative, and authoritarian party line than the original KMT, but it continued Sun’s Georgist economic policies in Taiwan after it was defeated by the communists in Mainland China. It is also very anti-Japanese and Chinese nationalist in general.
After the death of Chiang Kai-shek in Taiwan, the Chinese nationalist KMT regime began to relax its political restrictions and to improve its civil rights and freedoms under the reforms of Chiang Ching-kuo. In 1986, the Democratic Progressive Party was formed as a real opposition party, which Chiang Ching-kuo did not try to shut down.
Since the 1992 Consensus, the Right Wing KMT is not Tridemist anymore, as they no longer believe in Georgism. This might be the reason why the rent in Taiwan is very high.
Some say that modern KMT supports the CCP.
After the end of World War II, the relationship between the Chinese Kuomintang and the CPC, who had allied to fight the Japanese, became increasingly tense; ultimately, both sides restarted the civil war, which World War II had interrupted.
In 1945 and 1946, members of the Kuomintang's left wing formed the Three People's Confederation of Comrades and the China Nationalist Democratic Promotion Association in Chongqing and Guangzhou, respectively.
In November 1947, the first joint representative meeting of the Kuomintang left was held in Hong Kong; on 1 January 1948, the meeting announced the official establishment of the "Chinese Kuomintang Revolutionary Committee"(中國國民黨革命委員會), and nominated Soong Ching-ling, the widow of Sun Yat-sen, as the Honorary Chairman of the Revolutionary Committee (despite Soong Ching-ling never formally joining the commission). Till this day, it remains as one of PRC's eight "Democratic Parties (民主黨派)" and while having seats in People's Assembly, holds barely any actual political power and is often mocked as nothing but a decoration to maintain PRC's claim that they're multi-parties system and is running under a certain form of consociationalim.
Liberal Tridemism is an ideology that mixes Tridemism (Mainly Original Tridemism and Right-Wing Kuomintang). It strong opposes Dengism and the PRC, and supports liberal democracy, human rights, and civil liberties. Examples are Xin Haonian, the banned Union of Chinese Nationalists in Mainland China, and Hong Kong Pro-KMT Camp.
However, this ideology has some controversies in the pan-Chinese liberal circles due to its support and defense of Chiang Kai-shek and his authoritarian Nationalist government on many occasions.
民族 Mínzú (Nationalism)
Roughly translates to Civic Nationalism, this principle states that China must be independent from all Imperialist influence and oppression, which can be achieved by developing "China-nationalism" as opposed to ethnic nationalism, uniting Han, Manchus, Mongols and Tibetans, as well as Muslims in China (although this part is arguable since in practice its usually Han hegemony because Chiang-Kai-Shek).
民權 Mínquán (Democracy)
Roughly translates to Civil Rights, this principle stated that instead of having an Emperor to rule China, all Chinese people should be his own Emperor under a democratic system, which citizens have the right to vote and influence politic via democratic means. It also added two more branches--Control Yuan and Examination Yuan -- to more commonly adapted tripartite of power separation due to China's political tradition.
民生 Mínshēng (Socialism)
Roughly translates to "Doctrine of Livelihood", or Socialism more broadly. While Sun Yat-sen stated in a 1924 speech that "Mínshēngism" is Socialism." and even at times calls his proposed policies Communist, he was opposed to the Marxist definitions of "class struggle" and "surplus value" as well as Russian style communism, saying "The Soviet system in Russia is not pure communism but Marxism — and Marxism is not communism; the real communism comes from Proudhon and Bakunin."
Sun Yat-sen instead defined Mínshēng as a doctrine of "people's livelihood, social existence, national economy, and group life." (ibid)In practice it mostly focused on land distribution and monopoly issues, observing that:
We [the Chinese] are making Shanghai the industrial and commercial metropolis of Central China, and Canton the center of South China; and as a result, land values in Shanghai and Canton have multiplied tens of thousands of times within a few decades. (...) We have condemned merchants and manufacturers for their unfair means of profit-making through monopoly, but the landowners, unlike the merchants and manufacturers who have to work hard, receive tremendous profit by doing nothing. Only through the hard labor and constant effort of the mass of people can an area be developed and improved. A general rise in prices always follows a rise of land values, and in this way, the landowners sit down to enjoy the fruits of others' labor. In other words, the earnings of the mass of the people from their improvement of an area are indirectly stolen by the landowners.(ibid)
Sun Yat-sen proposed to solve this with a land value tax, inspired by Henry George:
Inasmuch as the economic progress is the labor of the people in general, it is only just that any increment in land value from such progress be shared by all in the community.(ibid)
How to Draw
The flag of Tridemism is based on the "Blue Sky and White Sun flag" (青天白日旗), which is the party flag of the Chinese Nationalist Party (Kuomintang) and the naval jack of the Republic of China Navy.
- Draw a triangle,
- Fill it with blue,
- Draw a white circle in the middle,
- Draw 12 sunrays in white along the outside of it,
- Add the eyes and you're done!
|Blue||#000095||0, 0, 149|
|White||#FFFFFF||255, 255, 255|
- Note: Social media platforms in China banned the usage of the Flag of Kuomintang, therefore for the censored version, replace the Kuomintang flag with the five-colour flag of the Republic of China, used between 1912-1928, representing the Five Races Under One Union principle.
As Tridemism was separated with both left-wing factions (Especially the Revolutionary Committee of the Chinese Kuomintang - RCCK) and right-wing factions, Tridemism's relationship between several ideologies was mixed due to factional differences.
- Georgism - Your idea of a land value tax is the backbone of my economic system.
- Kemalism - We both arose from similar conditions in our home countries, and we both believe in populism and a social economy, but differ on how it's funded. You was also my role model of revolution and national salvation to study from. 
- Christian Socialism - Dr.Sun Yat-sen was a devout Christian and a socialist.
- Welfare Chauvinism - He's almost as radical as Fascism, but I still like him.
- Social Authoritarianism - Only the political tutelage of the KMT can lead this nation towards the glorious path of modernization and constitutionalism.
- Feminism - If this is how our country can be modernized, I'm all for it I guess.
- Welfarism - Welfare for my people!
- Longism - This American has some good ideas.
- Leninism - Thanks for helping me reform my party and found Whampoa Military Academy.
- Maoism ( Left-Wing KMT and RCCK) - Good chap Mao! Wish Chiang didn't ruin everything!
- Stratocracy ( Right-Wing KMT) - 反攻大陸！消滅朱毛！ Did you really have to lock up Hu Hanmin?
- Necrocracy - 恭讀《國父遺囑》！
- Illuminatism - Uhhhhh... hi, fellow... triangle.
- Nationalism - ALL CHINESE UNITE!!!! ---- wait, what do you mean Taiwanese,
Mongols, Uyghurs and Tibetan are not Chinese?
- National Socialism - How can I be your ally when you're an ally of that Japanese devil? Thanks for saving me from him. Oh and thanks for the equipment and advisors.
- Federalism - Thanks for the support in overthrowing Qing, but sorry, your ideal was just encouraging those warlords. What China needs is unity under my- erm, I mean, one banner!
- Capitalism - FILTHY MERCHANTS! YOU EXPLOIT THE PEOPLE! .....then again, it wouldn't be possible for revolution to succeed without all the investments from Chinese merchants that supporting my ideal......
- Dengism - Stop saying I'm now his pet! I'm just pro-Chinese unity! 感謝您的支持，我們絕對不讓這些塔綠班勝選!
- Conservative Liberalism - Just shut up already and keep up with me Hu Shih!!
- Feudalism and Reactionarism - THE ENEMIES OF THE PEOPLE! YOU MUST BE SNUFFED OUT FOR CHINA TO SUCCEED!
- Separatism - REEEE warlords! Don't you realize China is supposed to be united?! Also, stop encouraging those Taiwan independence movements! How are we going to retake the mainland if I lose my final base?!
Well I'll have Kinmen and Matsu then
- Social Liberalism and National Liberalism - Pan-green cucks! 1450水軍！塔綠班！綠色恐怖！Taiwanese are Chinese!
- Stratocracy ( Left-Wing KMT and RCCK ) - F**k YOU CHIANG KAI-SHEK! YOU RUINED EVERYTHING!
- Showaism - RAPIST MURDERING F**k. YOU WANT A
THIRDFOURTH NUCLEAR EXPLOSION ON YOUR CLAY? #NeverForgetNanjing
- Maoism ( Right-Wing KMT) - YOU KILLED AT LEAST 40 MILLION PEOPLE! MY PEOPLE! PREPARE TO BE ELIMINATED.
- The Three Principles of the People (1924) by Sun Yat-Sen
- The Generalissimo: Chiang Kai-Shek and the Struggle for Modern China by Jay Taylor
- The Generalissimo's Son: Chiang Ching-Kuo and the Revolutions in China and Taiwan by Jay Taylor
- Three Principles of the People
- Revive China Society
- Revolutionary Committee of the Chinese Kuomintang (RCCK)
- Pro-Kuomintang camp
- Union of Chinese Nationalists
- Socialist ideology of the KMT
Notable KMT members in general
- Wang Jingwei (until 1927)
- Li Jishen
- Soong Ching-ling
- Feng Yuxiang
- He Xiangning
- Mao Zedong
- Mikhail Borodin
- Wan Exiang
- Hu Hanmin
- Chiang Kai-shek
- Soong Mei-ling
- Dai Li
- Chiang Ching-kuo
- Sun Li-jen
- Wang Jingwei (1927-1938)
Notable overseas KMT members:
- Sun Yat-Sen's Three Principles of the People by EmperorTigerstar
- Extra History: Sun Yat-sen by Extra Credits
Credit: u/duy_physics, Source
- There is a common joke among the Taiwanese ACG community suggesting that Sun Yat-Sen was a lolicon due to his previous marriages involving underage girls (Kaoru Otsuki, aged 13 when proposed; Haru Asada, aged 15 when being Dr. Sun's concubine; and Soong Ching-ling, via grooming).
- Despite the autocratic nature of the nationalist rule under Chiang, the nationalists were originally planning to end the party tutelage in 1936 with a draft constitution, but was postponed to 1946 due to the Japanese invasion and communist uprisings.
- Initially Chiang Kai-Shek was a Marxist who researched several works of Karl Marx and held left-leaning views, until he began to be skeptical towards the KMT-CCP co-operation after the Canton Coup.
- *Aka "White Terror"
- Chiang Wei-shui has sometimes been described as the Taiwanese Sun Yat-sen and is greatly respected by the Taiwanese across party lines.
- Chiang Ching-kuo was deeply influenced by the economic ideas of the USSR due to his Soviet education despite being a staunch anti-communist.
- Chen Duxiu was released in 1937 after being imprisoned for 4 years as the founder and a formerly prominent member of the CPC.
- A Taiwanese who grew up during Japanese period and was once frighted for IJA, he later joined KMT , became its Chairman and president of ROC after the death of Chiang Ching-kuo. Later in life he turned to support the Taiwan independence movement. After some failed attempts to change KMT from a Chinese nationalistic party to a Taiwanese one, he expelled himself from the KMT in 2001.
|Georgists - Free Trade, Free Land and harassing Landlords|
|Canon||Geoanarchism • Geolibertarianism • Georgism • Geosyndicalism • Social Georgism• Steiner-Vallentyne School|
|Regional Ideologies||Chinese Blueshirtism • Tridemism • Diggerism|