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    Saadehism, also referred to as Pan-Syrianism or Pan-Syrian Nationalism, is the ideology of the Syrian Social Nationalist Party (SSNP), which aims to nationalise the region of the Levant and Mesopotamia to create a Unitary.pngunitary and centralized, Socnat.pngSocial Nationalist civilisation state within the geographical boundaries of the Fertile Crescent also referred to as Greater Syria. Saadeh is Anticommunism.pnganti-Communism and Anticap.pnganti-Capitalism, advocating for an economic third position. He is very philosophical, culturally right-wing and places a large emphasis on hierarchy, authority and order. Historically it has been a revolutionary ideology opposing European colonialism and Zionism, going as far using suicide bombers against Israeli military targets. Saadeh believes in equality and secularism and has no issue utilising women in military roles where half of their suicide bombers were women including the first female suicide bomber in the world; Sana Mehaidili. Economically, Saadeh believes that an economy based on production rather than services is more effective and calls for Farm.png agrarian reform, and expansion of Indust.pngIndustry. Generally, he supports private property, although he advocates for the nationalization of necessities. He is also against all forms of division within the nation as they divide the state. Thus, Saadeh believes in class, ethnic, religious, etc collaboration.

    History

    Etymology

    The origin of the Hellenistic term Syria is linked in the etymology of the Neo-Assyrian Empire, so a "Greater Syria" in this sense corresponds to "Greater Assyria", which includes all of the Levant and Mesopotamia. This is completely unrelated to Assyrian nationalism or Assyrians, but relies instead on the Saadehist interpretation of the ancient empire, and its romanticisation.

    Under the French Mandate

    In November 1932, profiteering from local tensions caused by zionism and resent to European colonialism, Antoun Saadeh founded a secret political party and started to publish in the Al Majalla journal in 1933. As its popularity spread, the SSNP came into conflict with the French colonial authorities after coming into the light in 1936. Saadeh was arrested for six months, but due to lack of proof and German interference, was released later. Saadeh spent his six months in prison writing his manifesto "The Genesis of Nations", which would lay foundations to the modern Pan-Syrian ideology, based on the romanticisation of the ancient civilizations of the Levant. A short lived alliance with the National Bloc broke down due to sectarian tensions and the militant nature of the SSNP. Saadeh left the country to promote his ideals abroad in 1938, finding supporters in Lebanese and Syrian expatriates in Latin America.

    Post-Independence

    After the 1943 declaration of Independence, Saadeh came back to Lebanon in 1947. In 1948, after the defeat in the first Arab-Israeli war, the SSNP started clashing strongly with its rivals, especially the Lebanese Communist Party, and Kataeb, the Lebanese Falange. On 4 July 1949, the SSNP attempted to instigate a coup d'état, this lead to a government crackdown on the Pan-Syrianists, with Saadeh attempting to rally the Syrian government for help. Then dictator Husni Al Zaim captured him and after discussions with Prime Minister of Lebanon Riad Al Soloh, handed Saadeh over to Lebanese authorities. Antoun Saadeh was trialed in secret and executed for high treason less than 24 hours later on 8 July 1949 by firing squad.

    From Saadeh's death to modern times

    After the failed coup d'état, the SSNP remained in hiding, performing limited operations such as the assassination of Riad Al Soloh in 1951. During the 1958 crisis in Lebanon, the SSNP sided with the government forces against Arab nationalism, trying and failing to assassinate a number of Syrian Baath members. This lead to the government legalising the party again, and the SSNP resuming normal activities until it tried, and failed, again in 1961 to take over the government through force. Coerced into going underground once more until 1969, the SSNP would play a leading role in the resistance to Israeli occupation allied to the Lebanese National Front in the Lebanese civil war. In 1966, the SSNP was banned in Jordan, forcing them to disband on an official level. They kept performing illicit political activities, gaining limited support amongst the Palestinian refugee population. Back in Lebanon, the SSNP continued fighting their old rivals Kataeb once more, managing to assassinate Falangist leader and disputed president of Lebanon, Bachir Gemayel. After the end of the civil war, the SSNP would start losing support rapidly despite participation in the 2008 conflict as a Syrian proxy. Losing 3 of their seats in the parliament, falling down to the fringes of Lebanese politics with only 2 party members being MPs and a third one affiliated though not officially adherent. In Syria, the party remained illegal until 2005, though it kept accumulating support. Duriing the civil war, the SSNP gained much support thanks to their newly found alliance with Baath. Fielding around 12000 fighters and winning 7 seats in the Syrian parliament in 2016. The SSNP is the second largest party Syria only behind the ruling Ba’ath party of Assad.

    Beliefs

    Ideology

    Syrian social nationalism pertains to the idea of environmental determinism where it posited a common Syrian history and nationality, grouping all the different religious sects and variations in the area, as well as the region's mixture of different peoples due to geography. Thus, while not per se anti-Arab it opposed the Arab nationalist ideology, preferring an all-encompassing Syrian nationality and natural borders of Syria.

    It views the modern borders and the creation of Israel as an independent state, as artificial and illegitimate imperial divisions, imposed on the region by the Anglo-French Sykes–Picot Agreement.

    Syrian nationalism advocates a "Greater Syria", based on ancient concepts of the boundaries of the region; the Zagros mountains and Persian gulf in the east, to the Red and Mediterranean Seas in the west, also including Cyprus, and from the Arabian desert in the south till the Taurus mountains in the north.

    It supports the rise in romantic nationalism, idealising the coming of a Histval.pngNational Revival (Renaissance) to the Levant and Mesopotamia, that would shake off the Ottoman and Arab past and propel back what many started to see again as the cradle of civilization into the modern world's front stage.

    The 8 Basic Principles

    1. Syria is for the Syrians and the Syrians are a complete nation.
    2. The Syrian cause is an integral national cause completely distinct from any other cause.
    3. The Syrian cause is the cause of the Syrian nation and the Syrian homeland.
    4. The Syrian nation is the product of the ethnic unity of the Syrian people which developed throughout history.
    5. The Syrian homeland is that geographic environment in which the Syrian nation evolved. It has distinct natural boundaries and extends from the Taurus range in the northwest and the Zagros mountains in the northeast to the Suez canal and the Red Sea in the south and includes the Sinai peninsula and the gulf of Aqaba, and from the Syrian sea in the west, including the island of Cyprus, to the arch of the Arabian desert and the Persian gulf in the east. (This region is also known as the Syrian Fertile Crescent).
    6. The Syrian nation is one society.
    7. The Syrian Social Nationalist movement derives its inspiration from the talents of the Syrian nation and its cultural political national history.
    8. Syria’s interest supersedes every other interest.

    The 5 Reformism.pngReform Principles

    1. Separation of religion and state.
    2. Debarring the clergy from interference in political and judicial matters.
    3. Removal of the barriers between the various sects and confessions.
    4. The abolition of feudalism, the organization of national economy on the basis of production and the protection of the rights of labour and the interests of the nation and the state.
    5. Formation of strong Mil.pngarmed forces which will be effective in determining the destiny of the country and the nation.

    Economics

    The SSNP believes that “the organization of the national economy on the basis of Productivity.pngproduction is the only means for the attainment of a sound balance between the distribution of labour and the distribution of wealth… Moreover, production and producers must be classified in such a way to assure coordination, participation and cooperation in the widest extent possible and to regulate the just share of laborers in production and to insure their right to work and to receive just compensation for their labour. This principle will put an end to absolute AV-Individual.pngindividualism in production because every form of production in society in genuinely a Altcollective.pngcollective or a cooperative one.” While this may sound like a unionist or socialist movement, the SSNP opposes the traditional idea of unionisation like Syndicalism and maintains a clear opposition to Communism. The party strongly supports the right of the people to own private property and believes that AV-Market.pngmarkets are vital to the prosperity of the nation. However, this does not mean that the party supports capitalism either as “grave injustices can be perpetrated against labor and laborers were individual capitalists to be given absolute control.” Saadehism is completely opposed to Self.pngindividualismAV-Individual.png, stressing that “the public wealth of the nation must be controlled in the national interest and under the superintendence of the national state. Progress and strength of the national state can not be achieved save with this policy.”

    The party emphasises building the national economy on Productivity.pngproduction sectors and not on service sectors, because they are weak foundations and that the participation of citizens in production is the basic condition in the proceeds of production and their rights in public wealth. Therefore, the Party believes that it is necessary for Systematic.pngevery person to be productive in some way.

    Politics

    Saadehism loves hierarchies and believes that the nation-state’s interest supersedes every other interest.

    Philosophy

    WIB

    Society

    Natural Syria does not have ethnic homogeneity, rather it is a mix of Syriacs, Arabs, Kurds, etc. Syrians are the ones who belong to the Syrian homeland either by birth or by Constructivist.png”participating in the unity of life over a sufficient period of time” to affiliate in the society’s fabric. Not a single non-Syrian person or organization has the right to speak in the name of Syrian interests in internal and external issues, and only Syrians may represent their cause and decide the fate of their interests and lives.

    The Flag

    How To Draw

    Flag of Saadehism
    1. Draw a ball.
    2. Fill it in with grey/black .
    3. Draw a white circle and fill it in.
    4. Draw a red Zawba'a and fill it in.
    5. Add a deep red beret and add the emblem to it and a grey lining at the bottom of the beret.
    6. Add the eyes, and you're done!
    Color Name HEX RGB
    Black #141414 20, 20, 20
    White #ffffff 255, 255, 255
    Red #dd0000 221, 0, 0


    The Iconography

    Saadeh's design is based on a combination of the Islamic crescent and the Christian cross creating a hurricane called the Zawba'a. The Zawba'a has also been found on Neolithic Mesopotamian art. Each arm of the Zawba'a represents a principle. They are: Freedom, Duty, Discipline and Strength.

    Relationships

    Friends

    Frenemies

    • Baath.png Ba'athism - We have to work together... for now.
    • ML.png Marxism–Leninism - You also will fight against Israel, but why do you want to "free" Palestine, rather than absorbing it into greater Syria?
    • Khom.png Khomeinism - Although you're just as bad as Jihad.png Daesh i'll tolerate you just because of Baath.png Assad. GIVE ME FUCKING KHUZESTAN!!

    Enemies

    Further Information

    Articles

    Books

    Official Websites

    Wikipedia

    Online Communities

    Gallery

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  • DarknightYuusha-11 • 14 minutes ago
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