Radicalism (Rad) or Radical Liberalism (RadLib) was a historical set of movements within Classical Liberalism and represented the left-wing of the historical movement. Radical liberalism took principles behind liberalism and applied them to their conclusion (a.k.a. their 'root' or 'radix' and latin, therefore 'radicalism').
For example. a classical liberal might espouse that a democratic system of government and the right to vote should be given in turn a radical liberal would take such a statement to its conclusion that being that women, those without property, immigrants, etc., should all be given the right to vote. Radical liberals also supported positive rights whereas classical ones only advocated negative ones. Moreover, radical liberals were historically the early advocates of welfare states.
By modern standards 'radicalism' is not radical at all, as the reforms made by radical liberals got accepted as the norm; in the modern-day 'radical liberal' is mainly used as an insult.
Radical Liberalism first took roots in America following the war of independence and was championed by founding father Thomas Paine. He called for many modern Social Liberal policies like a minimum wage and state pension as universal suffrage (including women voting, which wasn't included in the constitution). Radical Liberalism was also practised in pre-Napoleonic France at the time, with similar policies.
Following the Napoleonic wars, radical liberalism would be the dominant ideology of non-classical liberals in democracy. The British Whigs also had a left-wing comprised of radicals and it could be said that Abraham Lincoln was one as well as the former American Whig party (replaced by lincoln's republicans) and the abolitionist movement at large.
Radical liberal movements declined during the latter half of the 19th century as socialism became the dominant ideology of the left; some radicals became much more moderate and became social liberals and liberal democrats, while others joined the socialists and became liberal socialists and reformist marxists.
Radical Liberals, in the framework of Classical Liberalism, believe in civil liberties such as voting elections, equality before the law, and religious tolerance, but to the extent that extended suffrage and welfare for all are necessary reforms to implement. These policies are seen as Progressive then and now, Radical Liberals viewed Conservative ideologies as protecting the broken system, one unjustified in its nature and needed to be overthrown with social change.
It also supported the redistribution of property and workers' rights which influenced some Socialist ideologies along the way. Ironically, Radlibs were against common ownership.
Radicalism behaves like a 90's "cool kid" rebel that speaks with similar lingo and slang. Particularly he prides himself on being a radical rebel, saying that his ideas and policies are groundbreaking and revolutionary, when in reality they are mild and moderate, as they have become the norm over the last century and a half.
How to Draw
- Draw a ball
- Fill it with dark blue
- Draw a rose in yellow
- Draw the eyes and you're done!
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- Classical Liberalism - My AWESOME father taught to me the AWESOMENESS of liberalism and democracy!
- Radical Democracy - Dude, Radical Democracy is the best! Like, everyone should have a voice.
- Welfarism - Giving poor people free money? That sounds totally rad!
- Progressivism - Hell yeah! Carrying on my radical reformist legacy like a boss!
- Liberal Feminism - Yeah, I'm such a radical liberal that I believe women should have the right to vote.
- Social Liberalism - My direct successor. Looks like my ideas became mainstream in the future.
- Liberal Socialism - Yeah bro, combining liberalism with socialism is totally awesome!
- Radical Centrism - People say that centrists are boring, but this guy right here is super duper cool!
- Philosophical Anarchism - Extremely radical bro that also supported the French Revolution.
- Radical Apoliticism - You sure are radical bro, but, like, why don't you care about anything?
- Radical Feminism - Wow girl! You really are radical, but that's too much, even for me.
- Radical Environmentalism - Bro, liking animals is cool, but sending mail bombs isn't.
- Revolutionary Progressivism - Progress is cool and all but DAMN, bro, you need to chillax.
John Brown was cool AF tho.
- Jacobinism - Okay dude, I love the equality, but do you think you could like, not be so murdery?
- Jihadism - Ok bruh, like, that is WAYYYYYYYY too radical, even for me.
- Marxism - Why, like, did you leave me for him? I'm WAY cooler, man!
- Anti-Radicalism - Dude, that's not cool, man!
- Classical Conservatism - Boring McDuck Face!
- Conservatism - You’re as uncool as your dad.
- Conservative Liberalism - He and I actually used to be bros, but then he ended up turning against me. Not cool, dude!
- National Liberalism - Same for him!
- Reactionarism - Literally my opposite. NOT cool.
- Reactionary Liberalism - WTF?!
- White Nationalism - You claim to be in the Kool Kids Klub but dude, that's SO uncool!
- Alt-Lite - Hijacking is not cool.
- Conservative Socialism & Post-Left Anarchism - Hey dudes, I AM NOT THEM, ALRIGHT?!
- Speeches of Right Honourable Charles James Fox by Charles James Fox
- Radicalism (historical)
- Radical Whigs
- Radicals (UK)
- Italian Radical Party
- Historical Far Left
- Radical Party (France)
- Charles James Fox
- Ministry of All the Talents
- Transnational Radical Party
- Radical Party (France)