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    Pan-Nationalism (PanNat) is a non-quadrant ideology that believes in transcending traditional boundaries of basic national identities, in order to create a "higher" pan-national identity, based on various common denominators. This pan-national identity could be a certain ethnicity, race, religion, geographical area, or a language. Sometimes they just want a group's "historic land" back (however this could be seen as Irridentism.png Irredentism). The pan-nationalist landmass can vary in size and shape.

    Pan-Nationalism differs from Irridentism.png Irredentism in a sense that irredentism envisions the annexation of independent states or some of their territories under its rule while PanNat regards a union of two or more sovereign states that share a common feature (eg. culture, ethnicity, language).

    Variants and their history

    Berberism.png Berberism

    Berberism, also known as Amazighism, is an Islamic political ideology and movement throughout North Africa. The movement is very Jihad.png Jihadist Cball-Isis.png in some of it's forms. The idea seeks to unite all Berbers/Tuaregs under one single unified banner.

    Cball-Algeria.png Algeria

    In Cball-Algeria.png Algeria, Berber Separatists have proposed several times an independent Berber state called Berberia. On top of this, the Kabylian Movement for Self-Determination also seeks a lesser Berber state called Kabylia.

    Cball-Libya.png Libya

    In the Second Libyan Civil War, various Berber Militias have popped up and have attempted to gain the independence of a Berber state in the southern half of the country.

    Cball-Mali.png Mali

    In Cball-Mali.png Mali, Berberism is big in the on-going Malian Civil War under the Cball-Azawad.png Azawad. Azawad's Berberism is led by two main movements; Coordination of the Azawad Movement and the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad.

    Cball-Morocco.png Morocco

    In Cball-Morocco.png Morocco, a separatist Amazigh movement exists: Cball-Rif.png Rif.

    Cball-Niger.png Niger

    In Cball-Niger.png Niger, various Berber Nation.png nationalist groups have appeared such as the Revolutionary Armed Forces of the Sahara.

    Pan-Africanism.png Pan-Africanism

    Pan-Africanism is an ideological and political movement, first aimed at uniting Africans to combat racial oppression (late 19th - early 20th century); since the 1950s - a movement for the liberation of all the peoples of Africa, the unification of liberation forces in the fight against Imp.png colonialism and Racenat.png racism.

    Pan-Africanism began to take shape at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. at the initiative of Blacknat.png Black intellectuals from the Cball-US.png United States and the West Indies, who demanded an end to racial discrimination and the granting of civil and political rights to black people.

    The foundations of modern pan-Africanism were laid by the 5th Pan-African Congress in Cball-Manchester.png Manchester Cball-UK.png, 1945). People like Cball-US.png William Du Bois, Cball-Ghana.png Kwame Nkrumah, Cball-Nigeria.png Nnamdi Azikiwe, Cball-Kenya.png Jomo Kenyatta and other figures of the African liberation movement all took an active part. The Manchester Congress outlined a practical program for the political liberation of Africa. By setting the task of liberating all the peoples of Africa, regardless of their racial affiliation, the pan-African movement contributed to the general rise of the liberation struggle on the African continent. After the conquest of political independence by most African countries, the pan-African idea began to be embodied in the establishment of comprehensive inter-African ties and in the support of movements seeking the elimination of colonial and racist regimes.

    After African countries gained independence, pan-Africanism was associated with the idea developed by the first president of Ghana Kwame Nkrumah in the 1960s, in order to create a single state on the African continent - the United States of Africa. After his death in 1972, Lybian ruler Gaddafi.png Muammar Gaddafi assumed the mantle of leader of the Pan-Africanist movement and became the most outspoken advocate of African Unity.

    There are two flags used to represent this movement: Pan-Africanism.png Green-Yellow-Red, based off the Rastafari movement colors of Cball-Ethiopia.png Ethiopian flag (many independent states have adopted this color scheme, seeing as Ethiopia was the only uncolonized African country), and Blacknat.png Red-Black-Green which is rather a flag of Black Nationalism than Pan-African movement.

    PanAmer.png Pan-Americanism

    Pan-Americanism is a movement towards commercial, social, economic, military and political cooperation among the North and South American and to some extent, Caribbean nations.

    Pan-Americanism existed as a series of Inter-American Conferences held in Cball-Panama.png Panama (1826), Cball-Peru.png Lima (1847 and 1864) and Cball-Chile.png Santiago (1856). The main purpose of these meetings was to organize a common defense. The first modern Pan-American Conference was held in Cball-US.png Washington, D.C. (1889-1890), with all american countries represented, with the exception of Cball-DominicanRepublic.png Dominican Republic. Dispute arbitration and tariff adjustment agreements were adopted and the Commercial Bureau of the American Republics was established, which became the Pan-American Union. Subsequent meetings were held in various cities in Latin America.

    Currently, the practice of pan-Americanism is carried out by the Organization of American States (OAS), created on April 30, 1948.

    Now the concept of continental integration is increasingly perceived through the prism of the ideas of the unity of Latin American and Caribbean countries and peoples, excluding the Cball-US.png United States and Cball-Canada.png Canada, such as the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States.

    PanArab.png Pan-Arabism

    Pan-Arabism is a movement for the unification of peoples and nations of the Arab world, spanning from North Africa to Arabian peninsula. The movement is closely linked to Arab nationalism, according to which the Arabs form a single nation. It peaked in the 1950's and 1960's and tends to be secular and sometimes Absoc.png socialist, and strongly opposes Colonial.png colonialism and Neoliberal-icon.png Western political activity in the Arab world.

    The cradle of Pan-Arabism was the Arabian Peninsula. In 1916, the Sharif of Mecca Hussein bin Ali Al-Hashimi founded the PanArab.png Hashemite Kingdom of Hejaz with its capital in the city of Jeddah, which was absorbed by Najd and gave rise to modern nation of Cball-Saudi.png Saudi Arabia. In the wake of Arab solidarity, the struggle for the independence of the states of North Africa also took place after the end of World War II. In 1958, Cball-Egypt.png Egypt and Cball-Syria.png Syria founded the Cball-Syria.png United Arab Republic, however due to disagreements between the leaders, the country did not last long. However, their Pan-Arabic Patriotic Anthem, Al Watan Al Akbar (or El Watan El Akbar) is a banger still to this day.

    Pan-Arab ideology is supported by some political parties, notably Baath.png Ba'ath. The most prominent figures of the Pan-Arab movement include Cball-Egypt.png Gamal Abdel Nasser, Hafez al-Assad.png Hafez al-Assad, Hussein.png Saddam Hussein, Cball-Palestine.png Yasser Arafat, Gaddaficap.png Muammar Gaddafi, etc.

    PanAsian.png Pan-Asianism

    Pan-Asianism is an ideological and political movement that calls for the unity of the Asian peoples. It originated in the Cball-Japan.png Japanese Empire during the reign of Showa.png Emperor Showa.

    The peak of Pan-Asianism occurred during the Second World War. Japanese propaganda instilled Pan-Asian ideology in the Asian territories occupied by Japanese troops. For greater efficiency, Japan has contributed to the formation of de jure independent states in these territories, such as the state of Burma, the Vietnamese Empire, Manchukuo, Azad Hind, and others. The main Pan-Asian slogan Asia for Asians called for the struggle of indigenous Asian peoples against Cball-UK.png British and Cball-US.png American Colonial.png colonialism. Although the pan-Asianism ideology stems from Japan's own attempt to compete with, and eventually prevail over, Western powers in the Meji Restoration, critics assert that pan-Asianism was employed as a propaganda tactic to encourage citizens in occupied territories to accept Japanese imperialism.

    The idea of "Asian values" is somewhat of a resurgence of Pan-Asianism. One foremost enthusiast of the idea was the former Prime Minister of Cball-Singapore.png Singapore, PAP(Singapore).png Lee Kuan Yew. In Cball-India.png India, Demsocstar.png Ram Manohar Lohia dreamed of a united Soc.png socialist Asia.

    PanCelt.png Pan-Celticism

    Pan-Сelticism is a political, social and cultural movement in support of unification, solidarity and cooperation between the inhabitants of the Celtic regions (those of Gaelic and Brittonic origin) and all modern Celts of Northwest Europe. Some Pan-Celtic organizations advocate for the separation of the Celtic regions from the Cball-UK.png United Kingdom and Cball-France.png France and the creation of either a Fed.png united federal state or some form of Confed.png confederation - as a rule, such organizations widely support Cball-Ireland.png Irish PLB-StPat.png, Cball-Scotland.png Scottish, CBall-Wales.png Welsh, Cball-Brittany.png Breton, Cball-Cornwall.png Cornish and Cball-IsleOfMan.png Manx forms of Nation.png Nationalism.

    In Central and Western Europe, a significant proportion of the inhabitants have Celtic roots. It is believed that the surviving language of the Celtic family is considered the "soul" of Celticism, and it is for this reason that such regions like Cball-Galicia.png Galicia in the northwestern Cball-Spain.png Spain were not included in the Celtic League.

    For about a century (from 1838 to 1939), the Pan-Celtic movement was one of the most influential nationalist movements. The first Pan-Celtic gatherings were held at festivals of Celtic culture such as Gorsedd and Eisteddfod, in 1917 the International Celtic Congress was formed, which is held annually. Since then, the Celtic League has been considered to be the face of the Pan-Celtic movement. Nowadays pan-Celticists prefer cultural exchange rather than political cooperation, as various pan-Celtic music, art and literature festivals are organized.

    Euronaticon.png Pan-Europeanism

    Main article: European Federalism.png European Federalism

    PanGerman.png Pan-Germanicism

    See also: Bism.png Bismarckism and Nazi.png National Socialism


    Flag of Pan-Germanism

    Pan-Germanicism, is a pan-nationalist political idea. Pan-Germanists originally sought to unify all the German-speaking people – and possibly also Germanic-speaking peoples in a single nation-state known as Großdeutschland.

    The ideas of Pan-Germanism originated in the early 19th century and were the result of Bonaparte.png the Napoleonic Wars. These wars have established a new movement that emerged during the French Revolution - Nation.png Nationalism. Young reformers sought to unite all German lands.

    Map of the distribution of the Germanic languages in Europe.

    Until the 1860s, Cball-Prussia.png Prussia and Habs.png Austria were the two most powerful German-speaking states. They tried to expand their influence and territory. The Austrian Empire was a multiethnic state where the Germans did not have an absolute numerical advantage; the creation of Cball-AustriaHungary.png the Austro-Hungarian Empire was one result of the growing nationalism of other ethnic groups in the empire. Prussia under Bism.png Bismarck used the ideas of Pan-Germanism to reunite the German lands with the support of the Nalib.png National liberal party. The unification of Germany took place in 1871 after the proclamation of Monarch.png Kaiser Wilhelm I as chairman of the Union of German-Speaking States. Many Germans living outside the new empire would have preferred to live under its rule or in an ethnically homogeneous German state, but this desire was met with opposing wishes from other ethnic groups.

    After the WWI the influence of German-speaking elites in Europe was severely crippled. Cball-Germany.png Germany was significantly reduced in size following the Treaty of Versailles. Austria-Hungary was divided and Cball-Austria.png Austria adopted the name "German Austria" (Deutschösterreich) and voted overwhelmingly in favor of unification with Germany. This name and unification with Germany were banned by the Allies after the war.

    The Nazi.png Nazis in Germany had hoped to unite all German-speaking lands into one country, so in 1938 they have annexed Austria and then Sudetenland in Cball-Czechia.png Czechoslovakia. After the war Germany lost most of its territorial gains, including Silesia, Eastern Pomerania, East Prussia and the city of Königsberg (now Kaliningrad, Cball-Russia.png Russia), and was divided between Cball-US.png Cball-UK.png Cball-France.png Allied-occupied West driven by the Soccap.png social market economy and ML.png Soviet-occupied socialist Cball-EastGermany.png East. The capital city of Berlin was also divided, which brought tensions between the two, so the Soviets have built a wall around the city. Eventually the wall was torn down and both West and East have formed one country in 1990.

    In Austria, after both world wars there were third camp groups that advocated for the reunification with Germany. After WW2 however, the idea of reunification became unpopular due to association with Nazism.

    PanHisp.png Pan-Hispanism

    The flag of 'Hispanidad' (literally 'Hispanicity'), used to represent all hispanic peoples. The flag was designed by a Angel Camblor, a captain in the Uruguayan Army and was first flown of Columbus day of 1932. An alternative design with dark red crosses instead of purples ones is used as the flag of the Americas.

    Pan-Hispanism refers to a union of Spanish-speaking countries, of a cultural, economic and political nature. The movement is most prominent within the Hispanic (Iberian) and Latin Americas. It also has some traction in the Cball-Philippines.png Philippines in Asia and Equatorial Guinea in Africa, but it is weak and/or almost non-existent.

    After most of Latin American countries gained independence from Cball-Spain.png Spain, the idea of ​​mutual integration appeared in the new nations to counter the Cball-US.png United States. This idea of ​​Pan-Hispanism not only does not materialize, but in addition to the new nations of Cball-Peru.png Peru, Bolivarism.png Gran Colombia, or the Cball-RFCA.png Federal Republic of Central America which end up dividing into other smaller states, which in return, in many cases, end up being confronted in border conflicts. But the idea of ​​unification will remain latent in local ideology, especially in South America.

    Saint Andrew's cross, flag of the Spanish Empire, used in much of the imagery of city and department emblems across Hispanic America and by hispanists to celebrate the overall Spanish influence across its former overseas territories.

    A modern Pan-Hispanist movement appears with the arrival of Soc.png socialist ideologies in the region. This movement is marked by the workers' struggles that took place in Latin America during the second half of the 20th century, with successes such as the Castro.png Cuban revolution and the revolutionary marches of Guevara.png Che Guevara. In its ideology are many egalitarian ideas, such as re-establishing relations between the Hispanic peoples.

    In Cball-Spain.png Spain, following the fall of Franco.png Francoism, relations with Latin America have been at their best. As the sole Hispanic representative in the Cball-EU.png European Union, Spain defends the interests of Hispanic America in its international politics. In addition, more particularly from the 1990s, Spain considerably increased its investments in Hispanic America, becoming the main socio-commercial player in the area. The Spanish budget intended for the development of underprivileged regions of the globe is mainly intended for the poorest countries in Hispanic America, and Spain receives most of the South American immigration, mainly from Cball-Bolivia.png Bolivia, Cball-Colombia.png Colombia, Cball-Ecuador.png Ecuador and Cball-Peru.png Peru.

    The advent of Native.png Indigenism and radical movements that seek to "decolonize" Hispanic American countries such as Zapa.png Neozapatismo, Ethcac.png Ethnocacerism and Bolivarism.png Bolivarianism has led to the surge of Hispanist.png reactionary groups that believe in the restoration of cultural ties between the countries that once belonged to the Spanish Empire. These groups think about the process of conquest of the Spanish Empire as ultimately civilization (under the mission of spreading the Gospel around the world) instead of exploitative, and most of the alleged negative aspects of it would be the result of a negative propaganda campaign called the "Black legend" in order to sever the historic ties of its overseas territories. Many of these groups believe that the indigenist narrative should be fought by Carlism.png restoring classic Spanish ethics and institutions, sometimes believing that a Catheo.png Catholic Theocracy would be best.

    Despite everything that could lead to a pan-Hispanic supranational organization, it is not happening in the near future, not just because of the Hispano-American countries refuse to see themselves under an excessive foreign influence again, but also because of Spain, which finds itself more and more integrated in the middle of the European countries, which would make it difficult for it to belong in a second organization.

    Pan-Amerindianism.png Pan-Indianism

    Pan-Indianism or Pan-Amerindianism, is a philosophical and political approach promoting unity, and to some extent cultural homogenization, among different Native.png Native American, First Nations, Inuit and Métis (FNIM) groups in the Americas regardless of tribal distinctions and cultural differences.

    Cball-Iran.png Pan-Iranism PanIranParty.png

    Pan-Iranism is an ideology prevalent mainly in Cball-Iran.png Iran, whose supporters advocate the unification of the Iranic peoples living in the Iranian highlands and other regions that have significant features of Iranian cultural influence. Other than Cball-Persia.png Persians, they include Cball-IraqiKurdistan.png Kurds, Cball-Tajikistan.png Tajiks, Cball-Afghanistan.png Pashtuns, Cball-Balochistan.png Baloch people and Cball-SouthOssetia.png Ossetians as the most prevalent Iranian peoples. Almost all followers of Pan-Iranism also include Cball-Azerbaijan.png Azeris in their ideology, even though they speak a Turkic-based language, they partly are of Iranian origin according to Pan-Iranists.

    PanLatin.png Pan-Latinism

    Pan-Latinism is an ideology that promotes the union of Romance-speaking peoples.

    Supposedly, it had its origins in Cball-Italy.png Italy as it is the birthplace of the Latin people. The term Pan-Latinism was coined by Torres de Caicedo.

    This perspective first materialized in Cball-France.png France, mainly due to the influence of Michel Chevalier who compared the "Latin" peoples of America with the "Anglo-Saxon" peoples who lived in these territories. The French writer Stendhal regarded "Latinism" as an imperial idea that the Latins should lead their non-Latin neighbors. This perspective was later adopted by Napoleon III, who declared his support for the cultural unity of the Latin peoples and presented France as the modern leader of the Latin peoples.

    A more democratic and confederal form of pan-Latinism emerged through the influence of Occitan French figure Frédéric Mistral, who advocated regional autonomy for Cball-Occitania.png Occitania in France. He also advocated pan-Latinism after he had contacted Cball-Catalonia.png Catalans who wanted the autonomy of Cball-Catalonia-Estelada.png Catalonia and union between Latins. He strongly influenced Jean Charles-Brun, the latter in turn impressing Mistral by publishing Le régionalisme. Charles-Brun campaigned for international Latinism and the establishment of a democratic Confed.png "Latin confederation", while rejecting the Imp.png imperialist idea of ​​creating a "Latin empire."

    Pan-Latinism was an important component of Classfash.png Italian fascism and was used in conjunction with Romanitas practices to promote Italian racial superiority.

    PanIber.png Pan-Iberism Cball-Spain.png Cball-Portugal.png

    Pan-Iberism, also known as Iberian Federalism, is an ideological concept whose task is to deepen relations between Cball-Spain.png Spain and Cball-Portugal.png Portugal in all possible areas of co-operation in any form and at any level. The doctrine of Pan-Iberism focuses on the cultural community of the peoples of the two countries, their continuous and stable mutual influence throughout both countries' history. These concepts promote economic and political integration, do not question the authenticity of each of the countries, but reject the advisability of any institutional restrictions on the joint activities of entities in Spain and Portugal.

    Both countries have participated in history, with a coherent and differentiated evolution from the rest of Europe. From the Res Publica.png Roman, Visigothic and Cball-Umayyad.png Arab domination, to the formation of the Crusadism.png medieval Christian kingdoms and the common ideal of the Reconquista based on the double objective of the expulsion of Muslim 2.png Islam and the unification of the kingdoms under the same crown, continuing through the Age of Exploration, the dynastic union of the three crowns of the Iberian Peninsula under the same sovereign of the House of Habsburg, the Peninsular War, the Quadruple Alliance of 1834 against the Carlism.png Carlist and Cball-PortugalKingdom.png Miguelist (Liberal) wars, the Iberian Pact of 1942, and ending with the admition of both countries into the Cball-EU.png European Union.

    Panocea.png Pan-Oceanianism

    Pan-Oceanianism is a movement that seeks greater economic, social and military cooperation among the countries of Oceania. The most prominent example of pre-existing pan-nationalism among the countries of Oceania is the Pacific Islands Forum, an intergovernmental organization that seeks to represent the interests of its members and increase cooperation among them. Closer Economic Relations (CER) free trade agreement between the Governments of Cball-Newz.png New Zealand and Cball-Australia.png Australia allow the free trade of most goods and services between the two nations without the tariff barriers or export incentives. The Melanesian Spearhead Group is a more recent trade treaty governing the four Melanesian States of Vanuatu, Cball-Papua NG.png Papua New Guinea, the Cball-Solomon.png Solomon Islands and Cball-Fiji.png Fiji.

    Panscan.png Pan-Scandinavism and Pan-Nordism

    For the political pan-nordism: Nordmodel.png Nordic Model

    Pan-Scandinavianism is a literary and political movement for the comprehensive unification of the Scandinavian countries. Pan-Scandinavism and Pan-Nordicism are interchangeable definitions of the literary, linguistic and cultural movement, which aims to spread the idea of ​​a common Nordic past, cultural heritage, Scandinavian mythology, one linguistic root - the Old Norse language; the movement led to the creation of joint periodicals.

    Pan-Scandinavism includes countries like Cball-Denmark.png Denmark, Cball-Norway.png Norway and Cball-Sweden.png Sweden.

    Pan-Nordism in addition to the previously mentioned three countries, also includes Cball-Finland.png Finland and Cball-Iceland.png Iceland.

    The movement was initiated by students from Danish and Swedish universities in the 1840s, with its center in Scania. Initially, the political elites of the two countries, including the Abmon.png absolute monarchs Christian VIII of Denmark and Charles XIV of Sweden, distrusted the movement. Therefore, the Danish PolState.png police kept the supporters of this movement under close surveillance.

    Hans Christian Andersen became a supporter of the movement after visiting Sweden in 1837 and promised himself to write a poem that would demonstrate the connection between Swedes, Danes and Norwegians. In July 1839, during a visit to the island of Funen, Andersen first wrote the text of the poem Jeg er en Skandinav (I am a Scandinavian), which became the national Scandinavian anthem and in which Andersen tried to convey "the beauty of the Nordic spirit, the way the three sister nations have gradually grown together". Composer Otto Lindblad put poetry to music and the composition was published in January 1840. It reached the peak of its popularity in 1845, after which it was rarely mentioned.

    Pan-Nordism has its roots in pan-scandinavism, but the ideology has been extended to include all the Nordic nations as well as the three autonomous territories of both the Cball-FaroeIslands.png Faroe Islands and Cball-Greenland.png Greenland of Cball-Denmark.png Denmark as well as Cball-AlandIslands.png Åland islands in Cball-Finland.png Finland. The desire is a much closer collaboration than it is today. Based on a common culture and values, a new union is envisaged, preferably according to the same model as the Cball-EU.png EU.

    It finds some support in environments that are critical of the EU, but as of today, it is a rarely mentioned political alternative; No pan-nordic union has been on the political agenda in any of the Nordic countries, although Eva-Kristin Pedersen in 2009 promoted the idea of a new Panscan.png Kalmar Union in the Minerva magazine.

    PanSlav.png Pan-Slavism

    Red, White and Blue are considered to be the 'pan-Slavic colours' as they are found on the majority of flags of Slavic countries, and at least one of them is found in every Slavic flag. The specific flag seen on the picture was approved as the Pan-Slavic flag by Prague Slavic Congress of 1848 and was later adapted as the flag of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia as well as Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, which later became the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro. A variant with a red star was later used by the Tito.png Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

    Pan-Slavism is a movement that emerged in the mid-19th century and a political ideology that promotes the integrity and unity of the Slavic peoples. Its main influence occurred in the Balkans, where non-Slavic empires ruled the southern Slavs for centuries. These were mainly the Cball-Byzantine.png Byzantine Empire, Cball-AustriaHungary.png Austria-Hungary and Ottoman.png the Ottoman Empire.

    In the modern times, with the dissolution of federal states such as Cball-Czechia.png Czechoslovakia and Cball-Yugoslavia.png Yugoslavia and the problem of Cball-Russia.png Russian dominance in any proposed all-Slavic organization, the idea of pan-Slavic unity is mostly considered dead in the Western world. Also, the appeals to Pan-Slavism are often made by various Ultranat.png ultranationalistic movements in Cball-Russia.png Russia, Cball-Serbia.png Serbia and notably by the Kotleba.png Kotlebist party in Cball-Slovakia.png Slovakia.

    By contrast, Belarusian and Ukrainian pan-slavists are anti-nationalist, with them prefering Russian over their native language.

    Cball-Yugoslavia-old.png Southern Slavs and Yugoslavia Cball-Yugoslavia.png

    See also: Tito.png Titoism

    In the Balkans, Pan-slavists would often turn to Cball-Russian Empire.png Russia for support. The southern Slavic movement advocated for the independence of the Slavic peoples within the Cball-AustriaHungary.png Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Republic of Venice and Ottoman.png the Ottoman Empire. Some Serbian intellectuals tried to unite all the southern Balkan slavs, whether they were Catholic (Cball-Croatia.png Croats and Cball-Slovenia.png Slovenes), Orthodox (Cball-Serbia.png Serbs, Cball-Bulgaria.png Bulgarians, also Cball-Montenegro.png Montenegrins and modern-day Cball-NorthMacedonia.png Northern Macedonians) or even Muslim (Cball-BosniaHerzegovina.png Bosniaks) as a "South Slavic nation with three faiths".

    After the creation of the Cball-Yugoslavia-old.png Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes in 1918, Yugoslavism gained a new political and state dimension. However, a key step towards the political redefinition of Yugoslavism was made only in 1929, when the official name of the state was changed to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. From that moment on, all the inhabitants of Yugoslavia became Yugoslavs on the basis of their citizenship. At the same time, in addition to the national state, Yugoslavia gained a special ethno-national significance in the form of the ideology of Integral Yugoslavism, which was based on the thesis of the existence of a single nation. Integral Yugoslavism was based on the denial of the existence of separate ethnicities, which were reduced to a subnational level and declared as mere tribes within a single Yugoslav nation. The policy of Integral Yugoslavism was actively pursued in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia from the introduction of the Abmon.png 6 January dictatorship in 1929, until the assassination of King Alexander I in 1934, after which it fell into crisis, and experienced a complete collapse between 1939 and 1941.

    During the Second World War, the Communist Party of Yugoslavia propagated a special form of federalist Yugoslavia which, after 1945, under the slogan of brotherhood and unity, became the backbone of state policy in the Cball-Yugoslavia.png new socialist Yugoslavia, which was organized as a Fed.png federal state. Although the federalist concept of Yugoslavia was proclaimed as an official state and party policy, significant differences and divisions emerged among the Yugoslav communists over time between proponents of federalist centralism and proponents of political decentralization. During the political crisis that lasted from 1966 to 1974, the second current prevailed, and after 1980, following the death of Josip Broz Tito, the first proponents of confederal Yugoslavia appeared, who advocated the transformation of Yugoslavia into a confederation of sovereign republics.

    Yugoslavia suffered a heavy blow during the political crisis that led to the breakup of Yugoslavia in the 1990's, which permanently compromised the concept of any political unity of the Yugoslav peoples. Serbia and Montenegro's attempt to preserve a narrow Yugoslavia after 1992 through the creation of the Cball-Yugoslavia-old.png Federal Republic of Yugoslavia ended in failure. The narrowed political concept of Yugoslavia was formally abandoned in 2003, when the FRY was reorganized into a state union called Cball-Yugoslavia-old.png Serbia and Montenegro. Eventually, both Cball-Serbia.png Serbia and Cball-Montenegro.png Montenegro became their own separate states in 2006.

    Polandball.png Western Slavs and Czechoslovakia Cball-Czechia.png Cball-Slovakia.pngFile:Czechslovak.png

    19th century Pan-Slavism has influenced Polandball.png Poland. It inspired sympathy for other oppressed Slavic peoples seeking to restore independence. While Pan-Slavism fought against Cball-AustriaHungary.png Austria-Hungary for the freedom of the South Slavs, the Poles inspired other Slavic peoples for the liberation struggle with their insubordination. It was the melody and motive of the Polish national liberation song called Mazurka Dobrowski that served as the basis for the creation of a number of Slavic hymns and the pan-Slavic anthem "Hey, Slavs!"

    The creation of the Pan-Slavic Federation was promoted by EndecjaPix.png Roman Dmowski, a Polish neo-Slavist and one of the fathers of modern independent Poland. After Poland gained independence in 1918, they to some extent considered Pan-Slavism as a vector of political development, in particular, there were plans to create a Central European Federation - Intermarium, which would unite the majority of Slavic peoples, with the exception of Orthlen.png Soviet Russia. During the communist era of Polish statehood, Pan-Slavic rhetoric was used as a tool to promote friendship with the Bolshevism ball.png USSR to justify its control over the country. The issue of Pan-Slavism was not part of the main political agenda and was widely viewed as an ideology of Soviet influence.

    Czechoslovakism appeared as early as the 19th century, its most notable ideologists were Bohuslav Tablic, Juraj Palkovič, Ján Kollár and Pavel Josef Šafařík. During the WWI it was the basis for the national liberation of Cball-Czechia.png Czechs and Cball-Slovakia.png Slovaks and the basis for the creation of a common Czechoslovak state. The concept of Czechoslovakism was the most successful concept of liberating Czechs in the Czech lands and Slovaks in Slovakia from unequal position in the Cball-AustriaHungary.png Austro-Hungarian monarchy based on Kollár's and Palacký's ideas of ​​Czech and Slovak unity.

    However, Czechoslovakism cannot be defined only as a concept of the origin of the Czechoslovak nation or tribe from defense and national tendencies, the idea had a supra-national meaning, which wanted to overcome the provincialism of environment and thought, wanted to change the excessive isolation and modesty of Czech or Slovak politics and democracy. After the establishment of the Cball-Czechia.png Czechoslovak Republic, it became a state doctrine, which was enshrined in the constitution of 1920.

    The 'Swarga' also called a 'Kolovrat' ('pinwheel' in Russian) and a 'Słoneczko' ('Little Sun' in Polish) is a variant of the swastika prevalent in Slavic cultures. It is sometimes used as a symbol of Slavic peoples in general, and commonly used as a symbol by Slavic Neo-Pagans.

    Not all Czechoslovaks supported this ideology. When the Czech Republic was occupied by Nazi.png Nazis before the World War 2, a Slovak Nazi puppet state was formed on the territory of Cball-Slovakia.png Slovakia. Following the end of the war Czechoslovakia was reunited, but the ideology of a "single nation" was not fully restored. The end of this concept was the 1968 Constitution, which proclaimed Czechoslovakia a federation of two national republics.

    In 1993 Czechoslovakia ceased to exist and two independent nations of Cball-Czechia.png Czech Republic and Cball-Slovakia.png Slovakia formed shortly after.

    Cball-Russia.png Cball-Belarus.png Eastern Slavs and All-Russian nation Cball-Ukraine.png Cball-Belarus-old.png

    During the Revolution of 1848-49 in the Habs.png Austrian Empire, Cball-Ukraine.png Ukrainians in Galicia began to establish contacts with Slavic figures of the Austrian Empire, in particular, took part in the Slavic Congress in Prague (June 1848). Influenced by ideas from Cball-Russian Empire.png Russia, part of the Ukrainian intelligentsia embarked on the path of Russophilia, which was supported by Russian Panslavist circles.

    Some of the leading Ukrainian intelligentsia of the second half of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries, Mykhaylo Hrushevskyi in particular, openly opposed Pan-Slavism, seeing it as a threat to the national interests of the Ukrainian people.

    Famous Ukrainian poet Ivan Franko has criticized Muscophiles (Russophiles) for their apostasy and treacherous position. In the article "Our Moscophilia" Ivan Franko noted that in its program the Ruthenian-Ukrainian Radical Party stands on national Ukrainian soil and nationalism, denying the accusations of Muscovite supporters of the party, of which he was the leader. This article recognizes the straightforward fact that that Ukrainians (Ruthenians) are different from both the Polish and Russians and should be classified as separate slavic people.

    During the early Bolshevism ball.png Soviet era, Bolshevik teachings viewed Pan-slavism as a reactionary element previously used by the Russian Empire. As a result, the Orthlen.png Bolsheviks saw this as contrary to their Ormarxf.png Marxist ideology. However, with the outbreak of World War II, the Stalin.png Stalinist government considered it necessary to use an all-Slavic policy, as a result of which in 1942, a Pan-Slavic Congress was held in Moscow.

    The All-Russian nation can be seen as a Ultranat.png chauvinist idea and it proclaims that Cball-Ukraine.png Ukrainians and Cball-Belarus-old.png Belarusians are Russians and puts forward the ultimate goal of the state unification of the Ukrainian, Belarusian, and Russian peoples into a single Russian people.

    The modern Russian Neoimp.png neo-imperial geopolitical doctrine of "Russian world" is closely connected with the all-Russian nation idea.

    Nowadays Cball-Russia.png Russia has not used the Pan-Slavic doctrine in its foreign policy, at least officially. However, both Russian Nation.png nationalists and Commie.png communists are playing the Russian cultural and linguistic influence card in order to promote the idea of ​​union between the former Soviet republics, or even the restoration of the ML.png Soviet Union. Some parties like Zhir.png LDPR as well as the former Nazbol.png National Bolshevik Party have even advocated to form a Cball-Russian Empire.png new Russian Empire.

    PanTurk.png Pan-Turkism Ottoman.png

    Pan-Turkism is a doctrine in states inhabited by Turkic peoples, which is based on the idea of the need for their political consolidation on the basis of ethnic, cultural and linguistic community. Formed in the second half of the 19th century, the movement began among the Cball-CrimeanTatar.png Turkic people in the Crimean peninsula, who initially sought to unite with the Turks of the Ottoman.png Ottoman Empire.

    In 1804, Cball-Tatarstan.png Tatar theologian Muslim 2.png Ghabdennasir Qursawi wrote a treatise calling for the modernization of Islam. Qursawi was a Jadid and they encouraged critical thinking, supporting education and gender equality, and advocated tolerance for other faiths, Turkic cultural unity, and openness to Europe’s cultural legacy. The Jadid movement was founded in 1843 in Cball-Tatarstan.png Kazan, Russia. Its aim was a semi-secular modernization and educational reform, with a national (but not religious) identity for the Turkic peoples.

    Pan-Turkism in the Cball-Russian Empire.png Russian Empire can also trace its roots goes back to Terciman (meaning Translator in Crimean Tatar), a Cball-CrimeanTatar.png Crimean Tatar newspaper which was published in 1883 in Bağçasaray (Bakhchysarai) by the all-Turkic Russian public figure, educator and publicist Ismail Gaspirali (Gasprinski). Terciman was eventually banned by the Orthlen.png Bolsheviks in 1918. The first female editor and journalist among the Turkic people in Russia was Gasprinski's wife, Zukhra Akchurina. The idea of ​​enlightenment found a response among the Crimean, Volga-Ural, Central Asian and Azerbaijani and even Russian intelligentsia and clergy.

    As an ideology, Pan-Turkism was finally formed by the end of the 19th century. Pan-Turkism became one of the elements of the Ittihad.png Young Turk ideology, as a result of which the Ottoman government provided assistance to various nationalist movements in Central Asia during the civil war of 1918-1921 in Cball-Russia.png Russia. In 1923, Turkish journalist Ziya Gökalp published the book Basic principles of Turkism, which became the last and rather significant contribution to the ideology of Pan-Turkism.

    After the so-called "Kemalist revolution", the ideas of Pan-Turkism were forgotten as the official ideology of the new Ottoman.png Turkey, since Kemal.png Mustafa Kemal Atatürk took a course towards restructuring the country in a Western style. Some revival of the Pan-Turkic ideas took place after his death in 1938.

    After Turkey's accession to Necon.png NATO, these ideas regained relevance as a means of ideological struggle against the ML.png USSR, with the aim of tearing the republics of Central Asia and Cball-Azerbaijan.png Azerbaijan away from it.

    The collapse of the USSR created some conditions for the restoration of the Pan-Turkic movement. Turkey was no longer the sole Turkic nation, as independent states of Cball-Azerbaijan.png Azerbaijan, Cball-Kazakhstan.png Kazakhstan, Cball-Kyrgyzstan.png Kyrgyzstan, Cball-Turkmenistan.png Turkmenistan and Cball-Uzbekistan.png Uzbekistan all appeared in 1991.

    In modern times, this idea is prevalent by some nationalist movements mainly in Turkey and Azerbaijan. Some Pan-Turkic movements and organizations are focusing on the economic integration of the sovereign Turkic states and hope to form an economic and political union similar to the Cball-EU.png European Union.

    PanUral.png Pan-Uralism

    Map showing the distribution of the Finno-Ugric languages. Finno-Ugric peoples are the most well-known amongst all Uralic people.

    Pan-Uralism refers to a hypothetical political and cultural union between various Uralic peoples. They include Cball-Estonia.png Estonians, Cball-Finland.png Finns, Cball-Hungary.png Hungarians, Cball-Sami.png Sami (or Saami) as well as the ones that live in the regions of Northern and Western Cball-Russia.png Russia, like Izhorians, Cball-Karelia.png Karelians, Khanti, Komi, Mansi, Cball-MariEl.png Mari, Samoyeds and Udmurts. Unfortunately, nothing much is known about this ideology as well as its ideologists.

    The irredentist idea of Cball-Finland.png Greater Finland may be considered as the closest equivalent to a pan-Uralic nation (or pan-Finno-Ugric for that matter).

    Personality and Behavior

    Pan-Nationalism's personality can vary depending on what pan-nationalist identity is being represented. For example, Pan-Europism would often be depicted as a supporter of Oswald Mosley and going about how "Europe lives & Marches on!", Pan-Scandinavism would often be depicted talking about the Kalmar-Union and really, really hating Gustav Vasa (Although, some personality traits are more consistent), Pan-Slavists would often be nostalgic about both Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia as well as really liking Russia. He is seen in comics dreaming about his pan-nationalist country finally becoming true. He is also seen being very proud about his pan-nationalist nation.

    How to Draw

    Flag of Pan-Nationalism
    1. Draw a ball
    2. Color the ball sky blue
    3. Draw the landmass of the ball white
    4. Color the territory the pan nationalist ideology would have orange
    5. Draw a hat to represent the pan nationalist ideology
    6. Draw eyes and then you're done!

    Relationships

    Friends

    • Pop.png Populism - Left wing or right wing, we don't care! Our people must be united!
    • Civnat.png Civic Nationalism - A real patriot helps to make his country a better place!
    • Cultural Nationalism.png Cultural Nationalism - A real patriot loves and preserve his culture!
    • Irridentism.png Irredentism - Taking it to the extreme, aren't you?
    • European Federalism.png European Federalism - I really like this whole Unites States of Europe thing. Just please be less globalist and progressive. You'd be better off actually being nationalist instead.
    • Leftnat.png Left-Wing Nationalism - Left-Wing or Right-Wing, it doesn't matter as long as you are nationalist.
    • Afrsoc.png African Socialism - Keep on fighting, my brothers!
    • Absoc.png Arab Socialism - United against western imperialists and Zionists!
    • Tito.png Titoism - Based Yugoslavia! RIP Tito..
    • Intercult.png Interculturalism - Forming a greater national identity out of many small ones? Yes please!
    • Prometh.png Prometheism - All Eastern Europeans unite against Russian and Soviet imperialism!

    Frenemies

    • Globnat.png Alter-Globalization - The only relatively good form of globalism that supports the struggles of culturally similar developing nations!
    • Nation.png Nationalism - I like the nationalism, but you don't have your brothers inside the nation!
    • Imp.png Imperialism - A good way to unite our brothers but my Pan-Africanism.png Pan-African & PanArab.png Pan-Arab really hate you, you tyrannical oppressor! It's okay when we do it though.
    • Natcon.png National Conservatism - Doesn't want to unite with their brothers...
    • Nalib.png National Liberalism - Calls me Imperialism as if it's an insult lol. He helped me unify Germany in the past and his Austrian and Moldovian supporters share my ideas.
    • Kemal.png Kemalism - You say you are hostile to me, but sometimes you speak of Turks abroad. I'm really having trouble understanding you.

    Enemies

    Further Information

    Wikipedia

    Variants, their concepts and people

    Other variants

    Videos

    Gallery


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