National Syndicalism is an economically left, authoritarian and culturally right ideology, based upon the beliefs and thinking of Georges Sorel. It opposes the bourgeoisie, liberal democracy and secularism.
National Syndicalism in Portugal was characterized by the condemnation of the totalitarianism present in German and Italian societies during the 1930s, its leader, Francisco Rolão Preto, declared during a banquet that the National Syndicalist Movement was "beyond democracy, fascism and communism". The National Syndicalist Movement had a strong Catholic inspiration, with the Order of Christ Cross being their symbol, they were very popular among university students and young soldiers. It endorsed Catholic social teaching, Christian personalism, integralism, municipalism and a restoration of the traditional monarchy and were opposed to communism and capitalism. Its members were also known as the Blueshirts, as they used blue shirts as uniforms.
Its leader, Francisco Rolão Preto declared on an interview to the United Press that:
"Fascism and Hitlerism are totalitarian, divinizers of the state and caesarists: we pretend to find in the Christian tradition of the Portuguese people the formula that allows the harmonization of the sovereignty of the national interest with the moral dignity of free men."
He criticized the Estado Novo for adopting a single-party system typical of fascism, which he hated, due to this criticism, the national syndicalist journal 'Revolução!' was suspended on 24 July. On November of the same year, the national syndicalists split, the majority decided to support Salazar and integrate the party with the União Nacional, abandoning the principles of partisan independence defended by Rolão Preto and Alberto Monsaraz.
On 10 July 1934, Rolão Preto was arrested and subsequently exiled and on 29 July of the same year, national syndicalism was forbidden by the Salazarists.
In the early 20th century, nationalists and syndicalists were increasingly influencing each other in Italy. From 1902 to 1910, a number of Italian revolutionary syndicalists including Arturo Labriola, Agostino Lanzillo, Angelo Oliviero Olivetti, Alceste De Ambris, Filippo Corridoni and Sergio Panunzio sought to unify the Italian nationalist cause with the syndicalist cause and had entered into contact with Italian nationalist figures such as Enrico Corradini. These Italian national syndicalists held a common set of principles: the rejection of bourgeois values, democracy, liberalism, Marxism, internationalism, and pacifism while promoting heroism, vitalism, and violence. Not all Italian revolutionary syndicalists joined the Fascist cause, but most syndicalist leaders eventually embraced nationalism and "were among the founders of the Fascist movement," where "many even held key posts" in Mussolini's regime. Benito Mussolini declared in 1909 that he had converted over to revolutionary syndicalism by 1904 during a general strike.
Enrico Corradini promoted a form of national syndicalism that utilized Maurassian nationalism alongside the syndicalism of Georges Sorel. Corradini spoke of the need for a national syndicalist movement that would be able to solve Italy's problems, led by elitist aristocrats and anti-democrats who shared a revolutionary syndicalist commitment to direct action through a willingness to fight. Corradini spoke of Italy as being a "proletarian nation" that needed to pursue imperialism in order to challenge the "plutocratic" nations of France and the United Kingdom. Corradini's views were part of a wider set of perceptions within the right-wing Italian Nationalist Association (ANI) that claimed that Italy's economic backwardness was caused by corruption within its political class, liberalism, and division caused by "ignoble socialism". The ANI held ties and influence amongst conservatives, Catholics, and the business community.
A number of Italian fascist leaders began to relabel national syndicalism as Fascist syndicalism. Mussolini was one of the first to disseminate this term, explaining that "Fascist syndicalism is national and productivistic… in a national society in which labor becomes a joy, an object of pride and a title to nobility." By the time Edmondo Rossoni became secretary-general of the General Confederation of Fascist Syndical Corporations in December 1922, other Italian national syndicalists were adopting the "Fascist syndicalism" phrase in their aim at "building and reorganizing political structures… through a synthesis of State and labor". An early leader in Italian trade unionism, Rossoni and other fascist syndicalists not only took the position of radical nationalism, but favored "class struggle". Seen at the time as "radical or leftist elements," Rossoni and his syndicalist cadre had "served to some extent to protect the immediate economic interests of the workers and to preserve their class consciousness". Rossoni was dismissed from his post in 1928, which could have been due to his powerful leadership position in the Fascist unions, and his hostilities to the business community, occasionally referring to industrialists as "vampires" and "profiteers".
With the outbreak of World War I, Sergio Panunzio noted the national solidarity within France and Germany that suddenly arose in response to the war and claimed that should Italy enter the war, the Italian nation would become united and would emerge from the war as a new nation in a "Fascio nazionale" (national union) that would be led by an aristocracy of warrior-producers that would unite Italians of all classes, factions, and regions into a disciplined socialism.
In November 1918, Mussolini defined national syndicalism as a doctrine that would unite economic classes into a program of national development and growth.
How to Draw
Cercle Proudhon Eagle design
- Draw a ball.
- Fill the ball with black.
- Draw the Cercle Proudhon eagle in red.
- Draw the eyes and you're done!
|Black||#141414||20, 20, 20|
|Red||#FF0000||255, 0, 0|
- Draw a ball
- Color it blue
- In the center, draw a white circle
- In the circle, draw a red outline of a cross
- Add the eyes and you're done
|Blue||#00309A||0, 48, 154|
|White||#FFFFFF||255, 255, 255|
|Red||#D72821||215, 40, 33|
- Draw a ball
- Fill it black
- Draw 8 red spokes
- Draw a black circle in the middle
- Draw a white claw
- Add the eyes
|Black||#141414||20, 20, 20|
|Red||#DB0A13||219, 10, 19|
|White||#FFFFFF||255, 255, 255|
- National Anarchism - Love ya bud, but please get a state.
- Mutualism - I owe most of my inspiration to you!
Wait, why are you looking at me weird?
- Fascism - You did a good job spreading my ideas.
- Falangism - My Spanish son.
- British Fascism - My British incarnation.
- Yellow Socialism - Syndicalist and Nationalist? Based!
- Monarcho-Syndicalism - Tradition and Syndicalism? Mega Based!
- Francoism - You abandoned national syndicalism for him!?
- Anarcho-Syndicalism - Degenerate anarchist progressive, but somewhat based economics. I wish the economics were a bit less left wing, though.
- French Fascism - I thought he would follow my ideology but he betrayed France.
- Marxism–Leninism - You have some good ideas but I am not Nazi.
- National Bolshevism - Too much left-wing economically, syndicates should still have an important role in the national economy, but still overall decent.
- Strasserism - A bit too Reactionary and Racialist socially, plus you're associated with Nazis, but you are still better than them.
- Marxism - You have a lot of good ideas, but they need to be revised.
- Capitalism - Dehumanizing system!
- Neoliberalism - Your economic and social policy are revolting.
- National Socialism- He invaded France & put racialism over syndicalist ideals.
- Neoconservatism - Fake conservative, he leaves economic disasters wherever he goes.
- Stransserism and Homonationalism - Intolerable degenerates.
- National Syndicalism
- Georges Sorel
- Cercle Proudhon
- National Syndicalists (Portugal)
- Fascist syndicalism
Credit: Based And Jedpilled