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    This page is about the ideology used as the core value for modern Communism. For other uses, see Communism.

    Marxism, commonly called Classical Marxism or Orthodox Marxism, also called Marxist Socialism or Scientific Socialism[2], is an economically far-left, culturally variable but generally progressive ideology that is based on the analysis and ideology of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, and looks to achieve a Commie.png communist (stateless, classless, moneyless) society. According to Marx and Engels, in a communist society, nationality[3], families[4], property, commodities, division of labor[3], cities and countryside, religion, ideology, and markets would be abolished or become obsolete and fade away. Communism operates on the principle "From each according to their ability, to each according to their need". Marxists believe that due to inherent contradictions in the Cap.png capitalist mode of productions, material conditions will become so bad that there will be a proletarian revolution which will create a Soc-h.png socialist state that transitions to a communist society.

    He believes that the history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles, and history can be viewed in stages of development based on which class holds a dictatorship over the other classes, and that today (with this stage starting around the English Civil War, 1642–1651) the world is under a dictatorship of the bourgeoise.

    While Marxism acknowledges the revolutionary role that the bourgeoisie have played in history, tying all corners of the world together in a global web of industry and consumption and revolutionizing the of production creating tools and machinery capable of producing far beyond the necessary requirement to sustain society, he believes that the forces of production are now constrained by the mechanics of capitalism, just as they were constrained by the mechanics of feudalism in the previous stage of development.

    On top of that, he believes that how capitalists extract surplus value from the labor of their workers creates an irreconcilable conflict between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat (working class), that can only be ended either through the overthrow of bourgeoisie or the ruination of both classes. Following the overthrow of the bourgeoisie, Marxism believes that a "Dictatorship of the Proletariat" must be established to eradicate capitalism and begin the transition to communism. What is meant by a "Dictatorship of the Proletariat" varies depending on who you ask, but to put it simply it means a society where the working class has absolute power over all other classes, and not a literal dictatorship.

    Another thing worth noting is that Marxism does not differentiate between "socialism" or "communism" very much, calling them "lower- stage Communism" and "higher- stage Communism" respectively, and the different names for those stages is an idea that his son Orthlen.pngLeninism came up with. What is consistent, however, is that both communism and socialism are stateless and classless, with only the Dictatorship of the Proletariat, preceding both, requiring a "commune state" akin to the Cball-France.png Paris Commune at most. The only times he differentiates between the two is when referring to socialist tendencies he disagrees with, such as Mutalist.png"Proudhonian socialism" or Reactsoc.png"reactionary socialism".


    A sketch by Fredrich Engels of the young Hegelians.

    Before Marxism

    Prior to the start of 'proto-Marxism', the concept of proto-communism was somewhat popular in the form of Primitive Communism as many early Marxists took inspiration from primitve societies and the two concepts functioned similarily.

    Proto-Marxists can be found in the 'Young Hegelian' school. The Young Hegelians, also known as the Left Hegelians or the Hegelian Left was a group of Cball-Germany.png German intellectuals who, in the decade or so after the death of Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel in 1831, reacted to and wrote about his ambiguous legacy. Often expanding on the idea of a 'dialectic'. This is where dialectical materialism find's its roots, particularly in the works of Ludwig Feuerbach. The Young Hegelians drew on Hegel's idea that the purpose and promise of history was the total negation of everything conducive to restricting freedom and reason; and they proceeded to mount radical critiques, first of religion and then of the Cball-Prussia.png Prussian political system. They rejected anti-utopian aspects of his thought that "Old Hegelians" had interpreted to mean that the world has already essentially reached perfection.

    However, Marx later became disillusioned with many of the Young Hegelians. He and Fredrich Engels would go on to co-write The Holy Family, and The German Ideology as a critique of the Young Hegelians. The latter majorly consisting of a refutation of Ego.png Max Stirner's "Der Einzige und Sein Eigentum", which allowed Marx to abandone the Young Hegelian concept of humanism towards his 'Dialetical Materialism'.

    Some of the many other influences on Marxism can be found in classical economics such as Clib.png Adam Smith and Ricardosoc.png David Ricardo who created the labor theory of value (LTV), and the "Utsoc.png utopian socialists" such as Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Étienne Cabet, Henri de Saint-Simon.

    Before Marxism, Marx himself was a Radlib.png Radical Liberal

    Ormarxf.png Marx and Orengelsf.png Engels

    In 1844, on the way to Cball-Germany.png Germany, Fredrich Engels stopped in Cball-France.png Paris to meet Karl Marx, with whom he had an earlier correspondence. Marx had been living in Cball-France.png Paris since late October 1843, after the Rheinische Zeitung was banned in March 1843 by Cball-Prussia.png Prussian governmental authorities. Prior to meeting Marx, Engels had become established as a fully developed materialist and scientific socialist, independent of Marx's philosophical development.
    A depiction of Marx and Engels writing.

    In Cball-France.png Paris, Marx was publishing the Deutsch–Französische Jahrbücher. Engels met Marx for a second time at the Café de la Régence on the Place du Palais, 28 August 1844. The two quickly became close friends and remained so their entire lives, cowriting staples of Marxist literature such as The Communist Manifesto, The German Ideology, Anti-Dühring, and many more. Engels actually provided the funding for a substantial amount of Marx's work as Engels was born into a wealthy family with deep roots in the yarn and cloth industry.

    First International

    Following the January Uprising in Cball-Poland.png Poland in 1863, Cball-France.png French and Cball-UK.png British workers started to discuss developing a closer working relationship. Henri Tolain, Joseph Perrachon and Charles Limousin visited Cball-England.png London in July 1863, attending a meeting in St. James's Hall in honour of the Cball-Poland.png Polish uprising. They discussed the need for an international organisation, which would amongst other things prevent the import of foreign workers to break strikes. In September 1864, Cball-France.png French and Cball-UK.png British delegates again met in Cball-England.png London, this time to set up an organization for sharing labor information across borders. This organization was the International Workingmen's Association.

    The International Workingmen's Association (IWA), often called the First International (1864–1876), was an international organization which aimed at uniting a variety of different left-wing Soc-h.png socialist, Commie.png communist and Awaj.png anarchist groups and trade unions that were based on the working class and class struggle. It was founded in 1864 in a workmen's meeting held in St. Martin's Hall, Cball-England.png London. Its first congress was held in 1866 in Cball-Switzerland.png Geneva.

    A depiction of the founding of the First International.

    Due to the wide variety of philosophies present in the First International, there was conflict from the start. The first objections to Ormarxf.png Marx's influence came from the Mutalist.png mutualists, who opposed Commie.png communism and Sec.png statism. However, shortly after Acol.png Mikhail Bakunin and his followers (called collectivists while in the International) joined in 1868, the First International became polarized into two camps, with Marx and Bakunin as their respective figureheads. Perhaps the clearest differences between the groups emerged over their proposed strategies for achieving their visions of Soc-h.png socialism. The anarchists grouped around Bakunin favored (in Socan2.png Peter Kropotkin's words) "direct economical struggle against Cap.png capitalism, without interfering in the political parliamentary agitation". Marxist thinking at that time focused on parliamentary activity. For example, when the new German Empire of 1871 introduced male suffrage, many Cball-Germany.png German socialists became active in the Bernst.png Marxist Social Democratic Party of Germany.

    In Europe, a period of harsh reaction followed the widespread Revolutions of 1848. The next major phase of revolutionary activity began almost twenty years later with the founding of the IWA in 1864. At its peak, the IWA reported having 8 million members while police reported 5 million. In 1872, it split in two over conflicts between Marxist and Awaj.png anarchist factions and dissolved in 1876. The Second International was founded in 1889.

    Cball-France.png Paris Commune

    The Paris Commune was the main insurrectionary commune of Cball-France.png France in 1870-1871, based on direct democracy and established in Cball-France.png Paris from 18 March to 28 May 1871.

    A photo of the Paris Commune.

    During the events of the Cball-France.pngFranco-Cball-Prussia.pngPrussian War, Paris had been defended by the National Guard, where working class radicalism grew among soldiers. In March 1871, during the establishment of the Third Republic under French chief executive Adolphe Thiers, soldiers of the National Guard seized control of the city and then refused to accept the authority of the French government, instead attempting to establish an independent government.

    The Commune governed Paris for two months, establishing policies that tended toward a Prog-u.png progressive, Laicism.png anti-religious system of Socdem.png social democracy, including the separation of church and state, self-policing, the remission of rent during the siege, the abolition of child labor, and the right of employees to take over an enterprise deserted by its owner. Fem.png Feminist,Soc-h.png socialist, and Awaj.png anarchist currents played important roles in the Commune. However, they had very little time to achieve their respective goals.

    The Commune was eventually suppressed by the national French Army during La semaine sanglante ("The Bloody Week") beginning on 21 May 1871. Between 6,000 and 7,000 Communards are confirmed to have been killed in battle or executed, though some unconfirmed estimates are as high as 20,000. The Archbishop of Paris, Georges Darboy, and other hostages were shot by the Commune in retaliation. Debates over the policies and outcome of the Commune had significant influence on the ideas of Karl Marx and Frederich Engels, who described it as the first example of the dictatorship of the proletariat.

    Second International

    After the dissolution of the First International in 1876, the Second International was formed years later in 1889. Much like the First, it was an organization of socialist and labor parties, formed on 14 July 1889 at two simultaneous Paris meetings in which delegations from twenty countries participated. The Second International continued the work of the dissolved First International, though excluding the powerful anarcho-syndicalist movement. While the international had initially declared its opposition to all warfare between European powers, most of the major European parties ultimately chose to support their respective states in the First World War. After splitting into pro-Allied, pro-Central Powers, and antimilitarist factions, the international ceased to function. After the war, the remaining factions of the international went on to found the Labor and Socialist International, the International Working Union of Socialist Parties, and the Communist International.

    October Revolution and Soviet Union

    In November 7, 1917. The communists had started taking over Petrograd, including many other areas. Alexander Kerensky also fled Petrograd to Pskov before they were going to take over the city, he was not captured by the Red Army. Before the Red Army was going to take Pskov when Alexander Kerensky told troops to re-take the city, Kerensky fled to France, which later Pskov was seized to the Reds.

    A couple of days later after November 7, Moscow was taken. It would later be the capital of the Russian SFSR in March 1918.


    Third International

    the Third International, was an international organization founded in 1919 that advocated world communism, controlled by the Soviet Union. The Comintern resolved at its Second Congress to "struggle by all available means, including armed force, for the overthrow of the international bourgeoisie and the creation of an international Soviet republic as a transition stage to the complete abolition of the state". The Comintern was preceded by the 1916 dissolution of the Second International.

    Beliefs and Ideas

    Commie.png Communism

    In Marxism, a communist society is the ultimate goal, the end stage of human history. It is a classless, stateless, marketless, moneyless system where the productive forces became so advanced that a post-scarcity economy emerges as the result. The means of production are owned in common, and individuals have free access to consumer goods based on needs. They're also free to pursue their own interests, making this system highly individualistic.

    Dialectical Materialism

    Dialectical Materialism is a philosophy developed by the works of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. It emphasizes the importance of contradictions within things in shaping political and historical events. It also states that matter is a fundamental substance of reality, and even consciousness is the result of material interactions.

    Labor Theory of Value

    The core theory of the labor theory of value is that the exchange value of a commodity is determined by the socially necessary labor time put into it. Marx's labor theory of value is different from Clib.png Adam Smith and Ricardosoc.png David Ricardo's labor theory of value because it rejects the notion that labor is the source of all wealth. It thinks nature is an equally important contributor to wealth as labor

    Exploitation Theory

    The exploitation theory is the theory that profit is the result of the exploitation of wage earners by their employers. It rests on the labor theory of value which claims that value is intrinsic in a product according to the amount of labor that has been spent on producing the product.

    Worker Alienation

    Karl Marx's theory of alienation describes the social alienation of people from aspects of their human nature as a consequence of living in a society of stratified social classes. The alienation from the self is a consequence of being a mechanistic part of a social class, the condition of which estranges a person from their humanity.

    Base and Superstructure

    In Marxist theory, society consists of two parts: the base (or substructure) and superstructure. The base comprises the forces and relations of production (e.g. employer–employee work conditions, the technical division of labour, and property relations) into which people enter to produce the necessities and amenities of life. The superstructure determines society's other relationships and ideas to comprise its superstructure, including its culture, institutions, political power structures, roles, rituals, and state. The relation of the two parts is not strictly unidirectional, Marx and Engels warned against such economic determinism as the superstructure can affect the base. However the influence of the base is predominant.

    Economic Determinism

    Economic Determinism is a socioeconomic theory that economic relationships (such as being an owner or capitalist, or being a worker or proletarian) are the foundation upon which all other societal and political arrangements in society are based. The theory stresses that societies are divided into competing economic classes whose relative political power is determined by the nature of the economic system.

    Workers' Revolution and Dictatorship of the Proletariat

    Marxism belives that before a communist society can develop, a state in which the workers are the ones in power must be created. This is called a Erga.png "Dictatorship of the proletariat" dictatorship here means "absolute authority', so dictatorship of the proletariat refers to absolute authority of the working class, not a Totalitarian.png Literal dictatorship.

    Early on, Marx and Engels thought that the working class could take the existing state machinery and weild it in order to create the Dictatorship of the proletariat, (as was said in the communist manifesto), but after the Paris Commune Marx changed his mind, now beliving that the working class could not simply lay hold of the existing state machinery.

    It is as a result that Marxism is usually revolutionary.

    Views on Religion

    Marx viewed religion as "the soul of soulless conditions" or the "opium of the people". According to Karl Marx, religion in this world of exploitation is an expression of distress and at the same time it is also a protest against the real distress. In other words, religion continues to survive because of oppressive social conditions. When this oppressive and exploitative condition is destroyed, religion will become unnecessary. At the same time, Marx saw religion as a form of protest by the working classes against their poor economic conditions and their alienation. Some Marxist scholars have classified Marx's views as adhering to Post-Theism, a philosophical position that regards worshipping deities as an eventually obsolete, but temporarily necessary, stage in humanity's historical spiritual development.

    Schools of Thought

    Orthlen.png Leninism

    Leninism is a political ideology developed by Russian Marxist revolutionary Vladimir Lenin that proposes the establishment of the dictatorship of the proletariat led by a revolutionary vanguard party, as the political prelude to the establishment of communism. The function of the Leninist vanguard party is to provide the working classes with the political consciousness (education and organisation) and revolutionary leadership necessary to depose capitalism in the Russian Empire (1721–1917). Leninist revolutionary leadership is based upon The Communist Manifesto (1848) identifying the communist party as "the most advanced and resolute section of the working class parties of every country; that section which pushes forward all others." As the vanguard party, the Bolsheviks viewed history through the theoretical framework of dialectical materialism, which sanctioned political commitment to the successful overthrow of capitalism, and then to instituting socialism; and, as the revolutionary national government, to realize the socio-economic transition by all means.

    ML.png Marxism–Leninism

    Marxism–Leninism is a communist ideology which was the main communist movement throughout the 20th century. It was the formal name of the official state ideology adopted by the Soviet Union, its satellite states in the Eastern Bloc, and various self-declared scientific socialist regimes in the Non-Aligned Movement and Third World during the Cold War as well as the Communist International after Bolshevisation. Today, Marxism–Leninism is the ideology of several communist parties and remains the official ideology of the ruling parties of China, Cuba, Laos, and Vietnam as unitary one-party socialist republics, and of Nepal in a multiparty democracy. Generally, Marxist–Leninists support proletarian internationalism and socialist democracy, and oppose anarchism, fascism, imperialism, and liberal democracy. Marxism–Leninism holds that a two-stage communist revolution is needed to replace capitalism. A vanguard party, organised hierarchically through democratic centralism, would seize power "on behalf of the proletariat", and establish a communist party-led socialist state, which it claims to represent the dictatorship of the proletariat. The state controls the economy and means of production, suppresses the bourgeoisie, counter-revolution, and opposition, promotes collectivism in society, and paves the way for an eventual communist society, which would be both classless and stateless. Due to its state-oriented approach, Marxist–Leninist states have been commonly referred to by Western academics as Communist states.

    Trot.png Trotskyism

    Trotskyism is the political ideology and branch of Marxism developed by Ukrainian-Russian revolutionary Leon Trotsky and by some other members of the Left Opposition and Fourth International. Trotsky self-identified as an orthodox Marxist, a revolutionary Marxist, and Bolshevik–Leninist, a follower of Marx, Engels, and of 3L: Lenin, Karl Liebknecht, Rosa Luxemburg. He supported founding a vanguard party of the proletariat, proletarian internationalism, and a dictatorship of the proletariat (as opposed to the “dictatorship of the bourgeoisie” which Marxists argue defines capitalism) based on working class self-emancipation and mass democracy. Trotskyists are critical of Stalinism as they oppose Joseph Stalin's theory of socialism in one country in favor of Trotsky's theory of permanent revolution. Trotskyists also criticize the bureaucracy and anti-democratic current that developed in the Soviet Union under Stalin.

    Mao.png Maoism

    Maoism, officially called Mao Zedong Thought (Chinese: 毛泽东思想; pinyin: Máo Zédōng sīxiǎng) by the Communist Party of China, is a variety of Marxism–Leninism that Mao Zedong developed for realising a socialist revolution in the agricultural, pre-industrial society of the Republic of China and later the People's Republic of China. The philosophical difference between Maoism and traditional Marxism–Leninism is that the peasantry are the revolutionary vanguard in pre-industrial societies rather than the proletariat. This updating and adaptation of Marxism–Leninism to Chinese conditions in which revolutionary praxis is primary and ideological orthodoxy is secondary represents urban Marxism–Leninism adapted to pre-industrial China. The claim that Mao Zedong had adapted Marxism–Leninism to Chinese conditions evolved into the idea that he had updated it in a fundamental way applying to the world as a whole.

    Neomarx.png Western Marxism

    Neo-Marxism is a Marxist school of thought encompassing 20th-century approaches that amend or extend Marxism and Marxist theory, typically by incorporating elements from other intellectual traditions such as critical theory, psychoanalysis, or existentialism (in the case of Jean-Paul Sartre).

    As with many uses of the prefix neo-, some theorists and groups who are designated as neo-Marxists have attempted to supplement the perceived deficiencies of orthodox Marxism or dialectical materialism. Many prominent neo-Marxists, such as Herbert Marcuse and other members of the Frankfurt School, have historically been sociologists and psychologists.

    Neo-Marxism comes under the broader framework of the New Left. In a sociological sense, neo-Marxism adds Max Weber's broader understanding of social inequality, such as status and power, to Marxist philosophy. Examples of neo-Marxism include analytical Marxism, French structural Marxism, critical theory, cultural studies, as well as some forms of feminism. Erik Olin Wright's theory of contradictory class locations is an example of the syncretism found in neo-Marxist thought, as it incorporates Weberian sociology, critical criminology, and anarchism.

    Frankfurt.png Frankfurt School

    The Frankfurt School (German: Frankfurter Schule) was a school of social theory and critical philosophy associated with the Institute for Social Research, at Goethe University Frankfurt in 1929. Founded in the Weimar Republic (1918–1933), during the European interwar period (1918–1939), the Frankfurt School comprised intellectuals, academics, and political dissidents dissatisfied with the contemporary socio-economic systems (capitalist, fascist, communist) of the 1930s. The Frankfurt theorists proposed that social theory was inadequate for explaining the turbulent political factionalism and reactionary politics occurring in 20th century liberal capitalist societies. Critical of both capitalism and of Marxism–Leninism as philosophically inflexible systems of social organization, the School's critical theory research indicated alternative paths to realizing the social development of a society and a nation.

    StructMarx.png Structural Marxism

    Structuralist Marxism disputes the instrumentalist view that the state can be viewed as the direct servant of the capitalist or ruling class. Whereas the instrumentalist position is that the institutions of the state are under the direct control of those members of the capitalist class in positions of state power, the structuralist position is that state institutions must function so as to ensure the viability of capitalism more generally. In other words, state institutions must reproduce capitalist society as a whole.

    Structuralists view the state in a capitalist mode of production as taking a specifically capitalist form, not because particular individuals are in powerful positions, but because the state reproduces the logic of capitalist structure in its economic, legal, and political institutions. Hence, from a structuralist perspective one would argue that state institutions (including legal ones) function in the long-term interests of capital and capitalism, rather than in the short-term interests of members of the capitalist class. Thus the state and its institutions have a certain degree of independence from specific elites in the ruling or capitalist class.

    Situ.png Situationism

    The Situationist International (SI) was an international organization of social revolutionaries made up of avant-garde artists, intellectuals, and political theorists. It was prominent in Europe from its formation in 1957 to its dissolution in 1972. Overall, situationist theory represented an attempt to synthesize this diverse field of theoretical disciplines into a modern and comprehensive critique of mid-20th century advanced capitalism.

    Essential to situationist theory was the concept of the spectacle, a unified critique of advanced capitalism of which a primary concern was the progressively increasing tendency towards the expression and mediation of social relations through objects. The situationists believed that the shift from individual expression through directly lived experiences, or the first-hand fulfillment of authentic desires, to individual expression by proxy through the exchange or consumption of commodities, or passive second-hand alienation, inflicted significant and far-reaching damage to the quality of human life for both individuals and society. Another important concept of situationist theory was the primary means of counteracting the spectacle; the construction of situations, moments of life deliberately constructed for the purpose of reawakening and pursuing authentic desires, experiencing the feeling of life and adventure, and the liberation of everyday life.

    LeftCom.png Left Communism Councom.png

    Left communism, or the communist left, is a position held by the left wing of communism, which criticises the political ideas and practices espoused by Marxist–Leninists and social democrats.[1] Left communists assert positions which they regard as more authentically Marxist than the views of Marxism–Leninism espoused by the Communist International after its Bolshevization by Joseph Stalin and during its second congress.

    In general, there are two currents of left communism, namely the Italian and Dutch–German left. The communist left in Italy was formed during World War I in organizations like the Italian Socialist Party and the Communist Party of Italy. The Italian left considers itself to be Leninist in nature, but denounces Marxism–Leninism as a form of bourgeois opportunism materialized in the Soviet Union under Stalin. The Italian left is currently embodied in organizations such as the Internationalist Communist Party and the International Communist Party. The Dutch–German left split from Vladimir Lenin prior to Stalin's rule and supports a firmly council communist and libertarian Marxist viewpoint as opposed to the Italian left which emphasised the need for an international revolutionary party.

    Libmarx.png Libertarian Marxism

    Libertarian Marxism is a broad scope of economic and political philosophies that emphasize the anti-authoritarian and libertarian aspects of Marxism. Early currents of libertarian Marxism such as left communism emerged in opposition to Marxism–Leninism.

    Libertarian Marxism is often critical of reformist positions such as those held by social democrats. Libertarian Marxist currents often draw from Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels' later works, specifically the Grundrisse and The Civil War in France;[1] emphasizing the Marxist belief in the ability of the working class to forge its own destiny without the need for a state or vanguard party to mediate or aid its liberation. Along with anarchism, libertarian Marxism is one of the main currents of libertarian socialism.

    Bernst.png Revisionist Marxism

    Reformism is a political doctrine advocating the reform of an existing system or institution instead of its abolition and replacement.

    Within the socialist movement, reformism is the view that gradual changes through existing institutions can eventually lead to fundamental changes in a society's political and economic systems. Reformism as a political tendency and hypothesis of social change grew out of opposition to revolutionary socialism, which contends that revolutionary upheaval is a necessary precondition for the structural changes necessary to transform a capitalist system to a qualitatively different socialist system. Responding to a pejorative conception of reformism as non-transformational, non-reformist reform was conceived as a way to prioritize human needs over capitalist needs.

    As a doctrine, centre-left reformism is distinguished from centre-right or pragmatic reform which instead aims to safeguard and permeate the status quo by preventing fundamental structural changes to it whereas leftist reformism posits that an accumulation of reforms can eventually lead to the emergence of entirely different economic and political systems than those of present-day capitalism and bureaucracy.

    PostMarxism.png Post-Marxism

    Post-Marxism is a trend in political philosophy and social theory which deconstructs Karl Marx's writings and Marxism proper, bypassing orthodox Marxism. The term post-Marxism first appeared in Ernesto Laclau and Chantal Mouffe's theoretical work Hegemony and Socialist Strategy. It can be said that post-Marxism as a political theory was developed at the University of Essex by Laclau and Mouffe. Philosophically, post-Marxism counters derivationism and essentialism (for example, it does not see economy as a foundation of politics and the state as an instrument that functions unambiguously and autonomously on behalf of the interests of a given class). Recent overviews of post-Marxism are provided by Ernesto Screpanti, Göran Therborn and Gregory Meyerson.


    Marxism will usually be portrayed as an amalgamation of Communist archetypes, and of the personality of Karl Marx himself. He will also occasionally be seen educating his various children and the socialist family in general on theory and philosophy.

    How to Draw

    Main design

    1. Draw a ball with eyes.
    2. Draw a silhouette of Marx's head. The face and beard should be outlined in grey, with the mustache a darker grey.
    3. Make the remaining skin of the ball deep red.

    You're done!

    Color Name HEX RGB
    Deep Red #ED1D26 237, 29, 38
    Dark Grey #2C2C2C 44, 44, 44
    Grey #7F7F7F 127, 127, 127

    Flag Design

    Flag of Marxism
    1. Draw a ball.
    2. Make the ball deep red.
    3. Draw a silhouette of Marx's head using black, as seen on the flag.
    4. Add eyes.

    You're done!

    Color Name HEX RGB
    Deep Red #ED1D26 237, 29, 38
    Black #1E1E1E 30, 30, 30



    • Soc.png Socialism - Father knows best.
    • Indust.png Industrialism - We need an industrial society to achieve communism.
    • Luxem.png Luxemburgism - You carry my ideas so well! If only the Spartacist revolt had been successful.
    • LeftCom.png Left Communism - My most loyal and dedicated son! Just please get off your armchair for a while.
    • Orthlen.png Leninism - Great stuff, I wish you lived long enough to put the USSR on the right path.
    • Councom.png Council Communism - The creation of workers councils as a basis for the DotP is a great idea!
    • Libmarx.png Libertarian Marxism - Very similar to what I became in my later years, good stuff.
    • Marxfem.png Marxist Feminism - My daughter, who recognizes that women can only be free without Capitalism!
    • ML.png Marxism-Leninism - My most influential son! You doing your best to spread the revolution.
    • Stalin.png Stalinism - One of my most influential children! But what are these nasty things I've heard about you?
    • Trot.png Trotskyism - My more expansionist son. Could you explain why you were exiled from the USSR?
    • Deleon.png De Leonism - My union-focused son who shares most of my ideals.
    • Posadist.png Posadism - Say that again, sonny? Aliens? Nukes? Wait, what?!
    • Leftac.png Left-Accelerationism - Progressing Capitalism to it's breaking point to motivate the working class to revolt is a brilliant idea!
    • Neomarx.png Neo-Marxism - Good job expanding on my theories.
    • Acidcomf.png Acid Communism - Son, I get that you're depressed over Capitalism and everything, but I think you should get off of the drugs before it's too late.
    • Babouvism.png Babouvism - My inspiration!
    • Prog.png Progressivism - Bourgeois society must be done away with if the proletariat is to be liberated!
    • Situ.png Situationism - An unconventional Grandson of mine who uses fancy language and criticises consumerism. I'm not quite sure what he's saying, but he seems reasonable.
    • MLM.png Marxism–Leninism–Maoism - Continuing my legacy by updating and expanding upon my ideas! Stop worshipping me and my books, you’re almost like him.


    • Awaj.png Anarchism - We both agree that the state is bad and should eventually be abolished, but the revolution needs a state, and we disagree on what the state even is.
    • Ancom.png Anarcho-Communism - I respect your desire to overthrow capitalism, but a revolution needs a revolutionary dictatorship of the proletariat.
    • Demsocstar.png Democratic Socialism - Your hearts are in the right place, but socialism is not achievable by electoralism.
    • Utsoc.png Utopian Socialism - I wish you would realize that reform doesn't work...
    • Georgist.png Georgism - He was the founder of a land reform movement; one among many transitional measures. Still a capitalist, however.
    • Agsoc.png Agrarian Socialism - Communism can only be achieved in industrial society, but I appreciate your sentiment nonetheless.
    • Christsoc.png Christian Socialism - You're socialist... but you're also Christian... so there's that. At least you're distinct from Reactsoc.png Reactionary Socialism.
    • Distributist.png Petit Bourgeois Socialism - You're getting there! Reject the third position and embrace my ideas!
    • Ricardosoc.png Ricardian Socialism - Massive influence on me and modern socialism in general, but I don't know about markets, and labor isn't the source of all wealth.
    • Statesoc.png State Socialism - A transitional state is needed in order to fully achieve communism, but should wither away once it is done.
    • Leftnat.png Left-Wing Nationalism & Natcom.png National Communism - The working men have no country. We cannot take from them what they have not got. Since the proletariat must first of all acquire political supremacy, must rise to be the leading class of the nation, must constitute itself the nation, it is so far, itself national, though not in the bourgeois sense of the word.
    • Capcom.png Capitalist Communism - Uhhhh... I don't care to explain.
    • Dengf.png Dengism - Many of us are conflicted on whether you will bring about communism by 2050. At least you still promote me though...
    • Ego.png Egoism - Saint Max, he helped me break away from Idealism. But I wrote the German ideology specifically for you.
    • Anpacf.png Anarcho-Pacifism - Pacifism does not always work, and you reject the transitional state, but at least you oppose war profiteering and capitalism.


    • Crapitalism.png Crapitalism - The system where the bourgeoisie exploits the proletariat! Preferable to Feud.png Feudalism, I guess, and you do enable communism to happen, How about this: "The only good capitalist is one that hangs from the rope he sells us".
    • Neoliberal-icon.png Neoliberalism - The global dictatorship of the bourgeoisie
    • Reactlib-icon.png Reactionary Libertarianism - Oh, come on!
    • Cball-Russian Empire.png Russia - Most counter-revolutionary country in the world!
    • PanSlav.png Pan-Slavism - You are just the tool of the counter-revolutionary Russians! Tito.png Oh wait
    • Necon.png Neoconservatism - So... why is being communist a bad thing? You seem to blow things a lot of the time out of proportion.
    • Pinochet.png Pinochetism - You killed some of my followers, sure. But that clearly doesn't measure up to any of the classicides does it?
    • Plutocrat.png Plutocracy - I don't like to strawman people, it pollutes discourse. But really?
    • Nrx.png Dark Enlightenment - You have created an entire system based upon exploiting the worker and acquiring as much capital as possible, and you are proud of it? Really?
    • Reactsoc.png Reactionary Socialism - You forget that you, too, used to be the oppressors and the bourgeoisie exist because of you.
    • Bism.png Bismarckism - You brought me so much struggle.
    • Hayek.png Hayekism - An idiot who doesn't understand the difference between price and value.
    • Feud.png Feudalism - Fuck off and and never return!
    • BourgNat.png Bourgeois Nationalism - Actively divides the working class!
    • ReactCap.png Bourgeois Reactionary - MY GOD! A even worse version of the other guy...
    • Authcap.png Authoritarian Capitalism - A dictatorship of the bourgeoisie, and doesn't even attempt to hide it behind liberal rhetoric.
    • Rpop-tinfoilhat.png Right-Wing Populism - Can you stop with all the conspiracy theories about how I'm corrupting the west? It's really embarrassing.
    • Nazi.png National Socialism - Stop calling yourself socialist, burning my books and executing my supporters.
    • Acol.png Anarcho-Collectivism - Have these gentlemen ever seen a revolution?

    Further Information










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