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    Liberal Socialism (Libsoc) is an economically centre-left to far-left political theory and ideology that believes that Soc.png Socialism is an extension of or compatible with of Lib.png Liberalism. There is no one conception of what Liberal Socialism is, but rather, many different (sometimes contradictory) definitions.

    Conceptions

    Soclib.pngAs Liberal Mixed EconomySocdem.png

    Liberal Socialism can sometimes mean liberalism which operates through a robust mixed economy, without intentions of transferring to a fully socialist system. This often pans out as a slightly more left wing version of what is otherwise indistinguishable from Soclib.png Social Liberalism or Socdem.png Social Democracy.

    Marketsoc.pngAs Socialist Liberal DemocracyLiberal Democracy.png

    Alternatively, Liberal Socialism can mean a Lib.png Liberal Democracy that would have a Marketsoc.png Market Socialist economy, or a Demsocstar.png Democratic Socialist society that would have free markets, minimal regulations, and very few (if any) planning.

    Bernst.pngAs Liberal/Socialist ReformSwhf.png

    Another way of looking at liberal socialism is as an attempt to reform a liberal economy into a fully socialist one, or alternatively, as the liberalization of a centralized Statesoc.png State Socialist government.

    Clib.pngAs HistoriographyProgress.png

    Liberal Socialism can be seen as a view of history as going from Feud.png Feudalism to Lib.png Liberalism, and then Finally to Soc.png Socialism. This conception tends to view Soc.png Socialism as the best way carry on the Clib.png Classical Liberal principles of Equality.png Equality and Liberty.png Liberty.

    History

    Cball-Germany.png Germany

    Main article: Bernst.png Bernsteinism

    In Germany, liberal socialist ideals can be said to originate with the development of revisionist Marxism of Eduard Bernstein who defined the term 'socialism' as 'Organised Liberalism'.

    Cball-UK.png United Kingdom

    In Great Britain, the development of Liberal Socialism can be traced back to a number of sources of liberal and socialist origin. Liberal Socialism of liberal origin can be found in the theories of the political economist John Stuart Mill, who greatly influenced the political ideology of Soclib.png Social Liberalism which is a type of liberalism that believes that economic freedom can be only achieved through an extensive social state. Although, Mill is noted as going a step further, favoring collectivized workplaces. He theorized that Cap.png capitalist societies shall experience a Left Reformism.png gradual process of socialization with worker cooperatives slowly replacing private enterprises.

    Liberal socialism of socialist origin in Britain can be found in the theories of the Christsoc.png Christian Socialist historian and activist Richard Henry Tawney, who developed a theory of 'Ethical Socialism'. Ethical socialism as a movement saw to justify socialism on ethical and moral grounds, as opposed to material grounds.

    Tawney later joined, influenced, and became an executive of the socialist think tank of the Fabian Society which was a group that wanted to achieve Soc.png Socialism through Reform.png reformist means in Dem.png democracies (Demsocstar.png Democratic Socialism.) The ideology of the Fabian Society (Fabianism) may, in turn, be characterized as a form of liberal socialism.

    The term 'Liberal Socialism' was later used by the British economist Keynes.pngJohn Maynard Keynes to describe his political ideology:[4]

    The question is whether we are prepared to move out of the Clib.pngnineteen-century laissez-faire state into an era of liberal socialism, by which I mean a system where we can act as an organized community for common purposes and to promote economic and social justice, whilst respecting and protecting the individual – his freedom of choice, his faith, his mind and its expression, his enterprise, and his property.

    Keynes.png John Maynard Keynes, Collected Writings, volume 2, page 500

    Cball-Italy.png Italy

    The term 'Liberal Socialism' was popularised by the Jewish-Italian political leader Carlo Rosselli who was influenced both by Eduard Bernstein and by the British Labour movement. Carlo Rosselli rejected the political theories of Ormarxf.png Marx and favoured NonMarxSoc.png non-Marxist socialism. He believed that Demlib.png liberal democracy is not just important for socialist construction, but also for its realization. Additionally, Carlo Rosseli founded Justice and Liberty (Italian: Giustizia e Libertà) which was a resistance movement against the Fash.png Fascist government of Italy.

    Cball-US.png United States

    In the United States, the term 'Liberal Socialism' was used by the political theorist John Rawls to describe his political ideology.

    In the United States a type of Liberal Socialism was espoused by the AnSynd.png anarcho-syndicalist thinker Noam Chomsky. In his book On Anarchism claiming that Libsoc.png libertarian socialism to be conclusion of Clib.png classical liberal principles:[5]

    These ideas grow out of the Monkeyzz-Enlightenment.png Enlightenment; their roots are in Rousseau’s Discourse on Inequality, Humboldt’s Limits of State Action, Kant’s insistence, in his defense of the Jack.png French Revolution, that freedom is the precondition for acquiring the maturity for freedom, not a gift to be granted when such maturity is achieved. With the development of Indust.png industrial Cap.png capitalism, a new and unanticipated system of injustice, it is Libsoc.png libertarian socialism that has preserved and extended the radical humanist message of the Enlightenment and the Clib.png classical liberal ideals that were perverted into an ideology to sustain the emerging social order. In fact, on the very same assumptions that led classical liberalism to oppose the intervention of the state in social life, capitalist social relations are also intolerable. This is clear, for example, from the classic work of Humboldt, The Limits of State Action, which anticipated and perhaps inspired Mill and to which we return below. This classic of liberal thought, completed in 1792, is in its essence profoundly, though prematurely, anticapitalist. Its ideas must be attenuated beyond recognition to be transmuted into an ideology of industrial capitalism.

    Humboldt’s vision of a society in which social fetters are replaced by social bonds and labor is freely undertaken suggests the early Ormarxf.png Marx, with his discussion of the “alienation of labor when work is external to the worker ... not part of his nature ... [so that] he does not fulfill himself in his work but denies himself ... [and is] physically exhausted and mentally debased,” alienated labor that “casts some of the workers back into a barbarous kind of work and turns others into machines,” thus depriving man of his “species character” of “free conscious activity” and “productive life.” Similarly, Marx conceives of “a new type of human being who needs his fellow-men.... [The workers’ association becomes] the real constructive effort to create the social texture of future human relations.” It is true that classical libertarian thought is opposed to state intervention in social life, as a consequence of deeper assumptions about the human need for liberty, diversity, and free association. On the same assumptions, capitalist relations of production, wage labor, competitiveness, the ideology of “possessive individualism”—all must be regarded as fundamentally antihuman. Libertarian socialism is properly to be regarded as the inheritor of the liberal ideals of the Enlightenment.

    Rudolf Rocker describes modern anarchism as “the confluence of the two great currents which during and since the French revolution have found such characteristic expression in the intellectual life of Europe: Socialism and Liberalism.” The classical liberal ideals, he argues, were wrecked on the realities of capitalist economic forms. Anarchism is necessarily anti-capitalist in that it “opposes the exploitation of man by man.” But anarchism also opposes “the dominion of man over man.” It insists that “socialism will be free or it will not be at all. In its recognition of this lies the genuine and profound justification for the existence of anarchism.” From this point of view, anarchism may be regarded as the libertarian wing of socialism. It is in this spirit that Daniel Guérin has approached the study of anarchism in Anarchism and other works.

    Noam Chomsky, On Anarchism

    A similar view has been espoused by the American BreadTuber VaushV.[6] Leading to liberal socialism to be sarcastically called Vaushism within the Polcompball community.

    When Marx and following theorists wrote on capitalism they weren't writing 'capitalism and liberalism are worst things to ever happen to humanity, they are the greatest oppression of workers'. No. Marxism is supposed to be an extension of liberalism not a rejection of it, a true promotion of unity, fraternity, and freedom, and liberty, and shit. That's what Marxism and that's what leftism is about, it's about bringing the messaging of the liberal movement forward, to make it better, to make it get stronger, to make it true to its principles.

    Cball-South Africa.png South Africa

    Anti-Apartheid revolutionary and South Africa's first black leader, Mandela.png Nelson Mandela ideologically self-identified as a Socialist and ultimately believed in a classless society, having been influenced by Ormarxf.png Marxism. But when in power he supported the country's Demlib.png liberal democratic model, while still taking strong measures to combat poverty, encourage land reform, and expanding healthcare services. He expressed desires to move to a Socdem.png social-democratic economy but figured that it wasn't possible due to the circumstances at the time (the fall of the USSR and the ascendency of Neoliberal-icon.png neoliberalism.)

    Cball-Brazil.png Brazil

    WIP

    How to Draw

    Flag of Liberal Socialism

    Liberal socialism's symbol is a crossed hammer and quill, the symbol of the Czech National Social Party and of the Radical Civic Union which were historically regarded as liberal socialist parties. The symbols of the hammer and quill represent solidarity between workers and clerks.

    1. Draw a ball
    2. Draw a red hammer and a feather crossed
    3. Add the eyes and you're done!
    Color Name HEX RGB
    Red #D00505 208, 5, 5
    White #FFFFFF 255, 255, 255


    Relations

    Friends

    Frenemies

    • Soclib.png Social Liberalism - I like your liberal principles and focus on Welf.png welfare but you focus too much on preserving Cap.png capitalism. Mill was still based though.
    • Lib.png Liberalism - Great dad, but why capitalism?
    • Socliber.png Social Libertarianism - Civic rights, welfare, and regulationism is good and all, but you are still far too capitalist.
    • Soc.png Socialism - I wish you would realize socialism needs Lib.png liberalism.
    • Libsoc.png Libertarian Socialism - We are similar; you just take things a bit too far.
    • Consocf.png Conservative Socialism - I like socialism, but the conservatism, not so much.
    • Fabian.png Fabian Socialism - I'm glad you like my ideas, but what's with the Eugenics?
    • Tito.png Titoism - Still too authoritarian, but you're pretty tolerable when compared to other AuthLefts. Did you really have to lock up Djilas though?
    • Marxfem.png Marxist Feminism - I like your social justice and socialism, but you are too communist and friendly with ML.png Marxism–Leninism.
    • Dengf.png Dengism - WE ARE NOT THE SAME!!! but those market reforms are pretty based though

    Enemies

    Further Information

    For overlapping ideologies see:

    Soc.pngSocialism, Soclib.pngSocial Liberalism, Lib.pngLiberalism, Socdem.pngSocial Democracy, Dsa.pngDemocratic Socialism, Bernst.pngBernsteinism,
    Marketsoc.pngMarket Socialism, Radlib.pngRadicalism, Jack.pngJacobinism, Keynes.pngKeynesianism

    Literature

    Videos

    Articles

    Wikipedia

    People

    Organizations/Parties

    YouTube

    Online Communities

    Gallery

    Citations

    1. Electric Buses Are A Scam* by Liberalsoc.png Adam Something
    2. How Patriotic Education Brings Fascism - Carpathia, A Cities Skylines Series Part 2 by Liberalsoc.png Adam Something
    3. https://www.youtube.com/post/Ugkx3YhTl5Tbqha1Eu6hAbyRAH1vFDx7vQWL "Remember: Russia will just continue lying to your face no matter what. They lie about not wanting to invade as they mass their armies. If you catch them doing it they'll deny everything, and then invade anyway. And then they'll tell you how it was all your fault, how your "aggressive actions" necessitated such a radical and unfortunate move from them. Folks, they're just a cynical, aggressive, imperialist country led by a dictator. Stanning for them won't get us any closer to achieving a leftist utopia."
    4. Keynes Against Capitalism: His Economic Case for Liberal Socialism by James Crotty
    5. On Anarchism, p. 14
    6. Vaush on Marx and following theorists

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