Liberal Socialism (Libsoc) is an economically centre-left to far-left political theory and ideology that believes that Socialism is an extension of or compatible with of Liberalism. There is no one conception of what Liberal Socialism is, but rather, many different (sometimes contradictory) definitions.
Liberal Socialism can sometimes mean liberalism which operates through a robust mixed economy, without intentions of transferring to a fully socialist system. This often pans out as a slightly more left wing version of what is otherwise indistinguishable from Social Liberalism or Social Democracy.
Alternatively, Liberal Socialism can mean a Liberal Democracy that would have a Market Socialist economy, or a Democratic Socialist society that would have free markets, minimal regulations, and very few (if any) planning.
Another way of looking at liberal socialism is as an attempt to reform a liberal economy into a fully socialist one, or alternatively, as the liberalization of a centralized State Socialist government.
Liberal Socialism can be seen as a view of history as going from Feudalism to Liberalism, and then Finally to Socialism. This conception tends to view Socialism as the best way carry on the Classical Liberal principles of Equality and Liberty.
Main article: Bernsteinism
In Germany, liberal socialist ideals can be said to originate with the development of revisionist Marxism of Eduard Bernstein who defined the term 'socialism' as 'Organised Liberalism'.
In Great Britain, the development of Liberal Socialism can be traced back to a number of sources of liberal and socialist origin. Liberal Socialism of liberal origin can be found in the theories of the political economist John Stuart Mill, who greatly influenced the political ideology of Social Liberalism which is a type of liberalism that believes that economic freedom can be only achieved through an extensive social state. Although, Mill is noted as going a step further, favoring collectivized workplaces. He theorized that capitalist societies shall experience a gradual process of socialization with worker cooperatives slowly replacing private enterprises.
Liberal socialism of socialist origin in Britain can be found in the theories of the Christian Socialist historian and activist Richard Henry Tawney, who developed a theory of 'Ethical Socialism'. Ethical socialism as a movement saw to justify socialism on ethical and moral grounds, as opposed to material grounds.
Tawney later joined, influenced, and became an executive of the socialist think tank of the Fabian Society which was a group that wanted to achieve Socialism through reformist means in democracies ( Democratic Socialism.) The ideology of the Fabian Society (Fabianism) may, in turn, be characterized as a form of liberal socialism.
The question is whether we are prepared to move out of the nineteen-century laissez-faire state into an era of liberal socialism, by which I mean a system where we can act as an organized community for common purposes and to promote economic and social justice, whilst respecting and protecting the individual – his freedom of choice, his faith, his mind and its expression, his enterprise, and his property.John Maynard Keynes, Collected Writings, volume 2, page 500
The term 'Liberal Socialism' was popularised by the Jewish-Italian political leader Carlo Rosselli who was influenced both by Eduard Bernstein and by the British Labour movement. Carlo Rosselli rejected the political theories of Marx and favoured non-Marxist socialism. He believed that liberal democracy is not just important for socialist construction, but also for its realization. Additionally, Carlo Rosseli founded Justice and Liberty (Italian: Giustizia e Libertà) which was a resistance movement against the Fascist government of Italy.
In the United States, the term 'Liberal Socialism' was used by the political theorist John Rawls to describe his political ideology.
In the United States a type of Liberal Socialism was espoused by the anarcho-syndicalist thinker Noam Chomsky. In his book On Anarchism claiming that libertarian socialism to be conclusion of classical liberal principles:
These ideas grow out of the Enlightenment; their roots are in Rousseau’s Discourse on Inequality, Humboldt’s Limits of State Action, Kant’s insistence, in his defense of the French Revolution, that freedom is the precondition for acquiring the maturity for freedom, not a gift to be granted when such maturity is achieved. With the development of industrial capitalism, a new and unanticipated system of injustice, it is libertarian socialism that has preserved and extended the radical humanist message of the Enlightenment and the classical liberal ideals that were perverted into an ideology to sustain the emerging social order. In fact, on the very same assumptions that led classical liberalism to oppose the intervention of the state in social life, capitalist social relations are also intolerable. This is clear, for example, from the classic work of Humboldt, The Limits of State Action, which anticipated and perhaps inspired Mill and to which we return below. This classic of liberal thought, completed in 1792, is in its essence profoundly, though prematurely, anticapitalist. Its ideas must be attenuated beyond recognition to be transmuted into an ideology of industrial capitalism.
Humboldt’s vision of a society in which social fetters are replaced by social bonds and labor is freely undertaken suggests the early Marx, with his discussion of the “alienation of labor when work is external to the worker ... not part of his nature ... [so that] he does not fulfill himself in his work but denies himself ... [and is] physically exhausted and mentally debased,” alienated labor that “casts some of the workers back into a barbarous kind of work and turns others into machines,” thus depriving man of his “species character” of “free conscious activity” and “productive life.” Similarly, Marx conceives of “a new type of human being who needs his fellow-men.... [The workers’ association becomes] the real constructive effort to create the social texture of future human relations.” It is true that classical libertarian thought is opposed to state intervention in social life, as a consequence of deeper assumptions about the human need for liberty, diversity, and free association. On the same assumptions, capitalist relations of production, wage labor, competitiveness, the ideology of “possessive individualism”—all must be regarded as fundamentally antihuman. Libertarian socialism is properly to be regarded as the inheritor of the liberal ideals of the Enlightenment.Rudolf Rocker describes modern anarchism as “the confluence of the two great currents which during and since the French revolution have found such characteristic expression in the intellectual life of Europe: Socialism and Liberalism.” The classical liberal ideals, he argues, were wrecked on the realities of capitalist economic forms. Anarchism is necessarily anti-capitalist in that it “opposes the exploitation of man by man.” But anarchism also opposes “the dominion of man over man.” It insists that “socialism will be free or it will not be at all. In its recognition of this lies the genuine and profound justification for the existence of anarchism.” From this point of view, anarchism may be regarded as the libertarian wing of socialism. It is in this spirit that Daniel Guérin has approached the study of anarchism in Anarchism and other works.Noam Chomsky, On Anarchism
A similar view has been espoused by the American BreadTuber VaushV. Leading to liberal socialism to be sarcastically called Vaushism within the Polcompball community.
When Marx and following theorists wrote on capitalism they weren't writing 'capitalism and liberalism are worst things to ever happen to humanity, they are the greatest oppression of workers'. No. Marxism is supposed to be an extension of liberalism not a rejection of it, a true promotion of unity, fraternity, and freedom, and liberty, and shit. That's what Marxism and that's what leftism is about, it's about bringing the messaging of the liberal movement forward, to make it better, to make it get stronger, to make it true to its principles.
Anti-Apartheid revolutionary and South Africa's first black leader, Nelson Mandela ideologically self-identified as a Socialist and ultimately believed in a classless society, having been influenced by Marxism. But when in power he supported the country's liberal democratic model, while still taking strong measures to combat poverty, encourage land reform, and expanding healthcare services. He expressed desires to move to a social-democratic economy but figured that it wasn't possible due to the circumstances at the time (the fall of the USSR and the ascendency of neoliberalism.)
How to Draw
Liberal socialism's symbol is a crossed hammer and quill, the symbol of the Czech National Social Party and of the Radical Civic Union which were historically regarded as liberal socialist parties. The symbols of the hammer and quill represent solidarity between workers and clerks.
- Draw a ball
- Draw a red hammer and a feather crossed
- Add the eyes and you're done!
|Red||#D00505||208, 5, 5|
|White||#FFFFFF||255, 255, 255|
- Bernsteinism - One of my oldest friends.
- Civil Libertarianism - Hoary for human rights!
- Democratic Socialism - We're lowkey the same.
- Market Socialism - We are very similar with some minor differences.
- Progressivism - We often take a similar view of history, and tend to have a similar commitment to reform.
- Ricardian Socialism - Weird friend, but I love them anyway.
- Social Democracy - You are so close, just be a lil bit more like your dad.
- Socialism with a Human Face - Good try buddy! To bad it didn't work out.
- Twitterism- A lot of your users are literally me!
- Social Liberalism - I like your liberal principles and focus on welfare but you focus too much on preserving capitalism. Mill was still based though.
- Liberalism - Great dad, but why capitalism?
- Social Libertarianism - Civic rights, welfare, and regulationism is good and all, but you are still far too capitalist.
- Socialism - I wish you would realize socialism needs liberalism.
- Libertarian Socialism - We are similar; you just take things a bit too far.
- Conservative Socialism - I like socialism, but the conservatism, not so much.
- Fabian Socialism - I'm glad you like my ideas, but what's with the Eugenics?
- Titoism - Still too authoritarian, but you're pretty tolerable when compared to other AuthLefts. Did you really have to lock up Djilas though?
- Marxist Feminism - I like your social justice and socialism, but you are too communist and friendly with Marxism–Leninism.
- Dengism - WE ARE NOT THE SAME!!!
but those market reforms are pretty based though
- Marxism–Leninism - Psychotic tankie who calls me a fat degenerate and wants to curb stomp me. Debate me!
At least he helped ANC
- National Socialism - You are not a socialist at all, you are just an illiberal authoritarian who's also racist!
- Khrushchevism - WHY THE F*CK YOU HAD TO CRUSH THE HUNGARIAN REVOLUTION?! GET YOUR TANKS AWAY FROM ME!!
- Conservatism - Almost my complete opposite!
- Paleoconservatism and Classical Conservatism - F*ck you boomers
- Ethnocracy - Haha Apartheid go bye bye!
- Thatcherism - It doesn't matter if you are a liberal, because You called Mandela's political party a "terrorist organisation" and refused to impose sanctions on apartheid!
- Liberal Feminism and Libertarian Feminism - Female drone pilots and CEOs don't solve anything
- Alt-Right - A good representation of everything that I oppose
- Libertarianism - Oxymoron
- Capitalism - No, thanks. Not a big fan of this
For overlapping ideologies see:
Market Socialism, Radicalism, Jacobinism, Keynesianism
- Equality by Henry Richard Tawney
- Fabian Essays in Socialism by The Fabian Society
- Evolutionary Socialism by Eduard Bernstein
- On Liberty, Principles of Political Economy and On socialism by John Stuart Mill
- A Theory of Justice by John Rawls
- The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money by John Maynard Keynes
- Keynes Against Capitalism: His Economic Case for Liberal Socialism by James Crotty
- Liberal Socialism by Carlo Rosselli
- Breadtube vs Economics #1: Response to Philosophy Tube on Housing
- How Privatisation Fails: Railways
- I Ruin Apartheid by Making it Political
- Socialists Don't Want to Destroy Liberalism. We Want to Go Beyond It. by Matt McManus
- What is a "Liberal Socialist"? by Wendy Cockcroft
- How to be a Conservative-Liberal-Socialist by Leszek Kołakowski
- At the Liberal-Socialist Nexus by Paul Crider
- What is Liberal Socialism? by Matthew McManus
- John Stuart Mill
- John Maynard Keynes
- Bertrand Russell
- R. H. Tawney
- Karl Polanyi
- Eduard Bernstein
- Carlo Rosselli
- John Rawls
- Nelson Mandela
- Mikhail Gorbachev
- Alexander Kerensky
- Cornel West
- Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez
- Fabian Society
- Italian Action Party
- Czech National Social Party
- Left Together
- African National Congress
- Democratic Socialists of America
- Workers Party
- Servant of the People (formerly, factions)
Credit: u/Fishlion-B, Source
- Electric Buses Are A Scam* by Adam Something
- How Patriotic Education Brings Fascism - Carpathia, A Cities Skylines Series Part 2 by Adam Something
- https://www.youtube.com/post/Ugkx3YhTl5Tbqha1Eu6hAbyRAH1vFDx7vQWL "Remember: Russia will just continue lying to your face no matter what. They lie about not wanting to invade as they mass their armies. If you catch them doing it they'll deny everything, and then invade anyway. And then they'll tell you how it was all your fault, how your "aggressive actions" necessitated such a radical and unfortunate move from them. Folks, they're just a cynical, aggressive, imperialist country led by a dictator. Stanning for them won't get us any closer to achieving a leftist utopia."
- Keynes Against Capitalism: His Economic Case for Liberal Socialism by James Crotty
- On Anarchism, p. 14
- Vaush on Marx and following theorists