Jeffersonian Democracy is an economically liberal political movement that was dominant in the United States in the early 19th century. He is dedicated to the ideals of Thomas Jefferson, its prominent advocate that the movement was named for. He is opposed to the corruption of elitists and merchants, valuing planters and farmers as the true backbone of the republic.
It primarily combines elements of Classical Liberalism, Republicanism, and Agrarianism.
In the early years of the United States, the Democratic-Republican Party originated in the early 1790s as an opposition to the Federalist Party of Alexander Hamilton. As the country grew, the two parties became more organized, and tension between them grew stronger. The party gained political dominance in the elections of 1800 as Jefferson was elected president and it became the majority in Congress. During his presidency, Jefferson managed to reduce the national debt and government spending, reversing many Federalist policies. One of his most notable achievements is the acquisition of Louisiana from France.
After his presidency, Jefferson had many successors for decades, including James Madison, James Monroe, and John Quincy Adams. The Federalists collapsed after 1815 due to the dominance of their opposition, bringing upon the Era of Good Feelings, a time characterized by a lack of partisan disputes. During the 1824 election, the party inevitably split up into two factions: one that supported incumbent President Adams, and the other that supported General Andrew Jackson. Backers of Jackson became the Democratic Party, and those who followed Adams eventually became the Whig Party.
The Democratic Party became a dominant political power before being overtaken by the Republican Party and their opposition of slavery in the Civil War. Despite not being directly related to the party, Republicans borrowed Jefferson’s ideals of liberty and equality. Today, traces of Jeffersonian democracy can be found often in American Libertarianism and Right-Wing Populism.
How to DrawThe symbol used to represent Jeffersonian Democracy is based of the escutcheon of Thomas Jefferson's Coat of arms.
With the blazon being such:
Azure a fret and on a chief Gules three leopards' faces Argent.
- Draw a ball with eyes.
- Fill the upper half with red, the lower half with blue. Make the lower half significantly larger.
- In the red section draw three leopard faces. Simplify to simple balls with ears if you must do.
- Draw a white saltire within the blue section around the saltire draw a white diamond shape interconnecting with it.
|Red||#CE0F25||206, 15, 37|
|Blue||#1353B4||19, 83, 180|
|White||#FFFFFF||255, 255, 255|
An Alternative design based on logo of the California Distinguished School program has been used, based on the misconception that it's the logo of one of the schools in the program the 'Jefferson School'.
- Agrarianism - Farming is a great way to stimulate the economy.
- Republicanism - Down with the monarchy, up with representative democracy!
- Enlightenment Thought - Without this movement, I wouldn’t know how to break away from Britain...
- Classical Liberalism - John Locke was pretty great, wasn't he?
- Meritocracy - What we need is to get the naturally talented people into positions of power and form a true and natural aristocracy.
- Distributist Libertarianism - Yeah you really catch me, most based economics.
- Anarcho-Individualism - I like you.
- Ricardian Socialism - You are pretty cool too!
- Patchwork - Likes my idea of ward republics.
- Girondism - Clearly the best choice for the French Republic!
- Jacobinism - "If there were but an Adam and Eve left in every country, and left free, it would be better than as it now is"
- Distributism - Everyone should own a farm, but what's with all the statism and religious involvement in government?
- Secularism - I'm gonna write down this book called the Jefferson bible since we need a sense of morality.
- Federalism - While they support representative democracy, they don't give enough power to the states.
- Capitalism - "I hope we shall crush in its birth the aristocracy of our monied corporations which dare already to challenge our government to a trial of strength, and bid defiance to the laws of our country,” our revolution will have been in vain if a Virginia farmer is to be held in hock to a New York stock jobber, who in turn is in hock to a London banker.
- Confederatism - Yes. but no.
- Bonapartism - "Although we neither expected, nor wished any act of friendship from Bonaparte, and always detested him as a tyrant, yet he gave employment to much of the force of the nation who was our common enemy."
- Washingtonism - You're a great man but it's a shame that he is taking advantage of your senility.
- Neoconservatism, Neoliberalism, Neo-Libertarianism & Third Way - Eternal Live for the empire of liberty !, that said calm down with that entangling alliances and pro-war interventionism.
- Toryism - Well You aren't as bad as your predecesor and you have adopted many enlightened and old liberal ideas, you're a still a monarchist and a centralist though.
- Monarchism - I didn’t write the Declaration of Independence so I could create another monarchy.
- Plutocracy - What we don't need is an artificial aristocracy founded on wealth and birth without either virtue or talents.
- Theocracy - Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof! Besides, I’m a deist...
- Hamiltonianism - I get no satisfaction witnessing his fits of passion. The way he primps and preens and dresses like the pits of fashion.
- Elective Monarchism - Are you not just Hamiltonianism again?
- Hydrarchy - Never forget the Barbary wars!
- Indigenism - Sorry, I am all for democracy for civilized people, But you don't seem to be civilized and it is arguable if you can even be considered people. Prepare to be manifested!
- Black Nationalism - "All men are created equal", now that I'm done with that, time to take care of my giant slave mansion.
- Declaration of Independence
- A Summary View of the Rights of British America
- Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms
- The Life and Morals of Jesus of Nazareth
- The Natural Aristocracy
Translations of the works of Destutt de Tracy
- The Anti-Federalist Papers by a variety of authors
- Jefferson by Albert Jay Nock
- Conceived in Liberty by Murray Rothbard
- 1776 by David McCullough
- Thomas Jefferson
- Jeffersonian democracy
- Anti-Administration Party
- Democratic-Republican Party
- Democratic-Republican Societies
- First Party System
- Ward republic
- Whiskey Rebellion
- Empire of Liberty
- ↑ The ideology in his historical context is considered to be left-wing
- ↑ Individual Liberty by Benjamin Tucker: "The Anarchists are simply unterrified Jeffersonian Democrats. They believe that 'the best government is that which governs least,' and that that which governs least is no government at all."
- ↑ The Natural Aristocracy by Thomas Jefferson
Credit: TheLegend2T, Source