Not to be confused with Jacobitism.
Jacobinism, also called Montagnardism is an authoritarian, radical left-wing revolutionary ideology that originates from the age of enlightenment (18th century) and that advocates for a revolution against the traditional european society and establishment of an egalitarian Republic.
Their influence is far and wide, as they are the parent of Socialism and Philosophical Anarchism, the grandparent of Marxism, and the great granduncle of Progressivism which in turn makes them the close ancestor of most ideologies in the left side of the compass.
They are infamous for the role they took in the French Revolution and for being responsible for the subsequent reign of terror, whereby means of their favorite weapon, the guillotine, everyone deemed to be counter-revolutionary was executed.
The Jacobins got their name from the fact that their club, the Breton Club, and later the Society of Friends of the Constitution, met in the convent of the Dominicans, or Jacobins, on Rue Saint-Honoré in Paris. Formed by men from the urban petty bourgeoisie, the Jacobins were recognized in history mainly for their radical republicanism and also for the centralizing role played by the State in the revolutionary process.
At first, the Jacobins were just members of a Masonic club called the Jacobin Club – which, in turn, had such a name because it was located in the Convent of São Tiago (in the original French, Jacques or Jacob). Some nobles and several rich bourgeois belonged to the group; among these were important characters for the Revolution that would soon take place, such as Jacques-Pierre Brissot, who would lead the Girondin faction, and Maximilien Robespierre, who would lead the Jacobins.
French Revolution of 1789
Deposition of the Monarchy
Founding of the National Convention
Thermidor coup and decline
Jacobin is usually presented somewhat as a (French) maniac who really likes to chop off the heads of anyone who goes against le Republique including royals as well as normal French citizens.
How to Draw
Drawing Jacobin requires a few steps:
- Draw a ball
- Draw a Phrygian cap on top
- Draw a French cockade on the cap
- Fill both the cap and the ball with red
- Draw 2 intertwined branches in black in the ball
- Add the eyes and you're done
|Blue||#0055A4||0, 85, 164|
|White||#FFFFFF||255, 255, 255|
|Light Red||#EF4135||239, 65, 53|
|Red||#FE0010||254, 0, 16|
|Black||#141414||20, 20, 20|
- Left-Wing Populism - Hell yes, rally the people!
- Republicanism - Best brother who loves to kill monarchs. Liberté! Égalité! Fraternité!
- Socialism - Son that took egalitarianism to the next level.
- Neo-Jacobinism - Tradition is oppression!
- Marxism–Leninism - My great-grandson that loves me.
- Maoism - My great-great-grandson whom I greatly admire for how he deals with traditionalism.
- Babouvism - Carried on my legacy and started something great.
- Ochlocracy - IF THE MOB WANTS YOU DEAD, YOU DIE! À LA GUILLOTINE!
- De Francism - My son that took my ideas even further.
- Kemalism - My more moderate Turkish friend.
- Democracy - There's no need to vote on whether or not we should kill all counter-revolutionaries.
- Classical Liberalism - You has some good ideas, but that laissez-faire shit is very cringe.
- Constitutionalism - What about the constitution? I'm busy killing people, talk to me later!
- Marxism - My grandson expanded the theories of socialism.
Wait... What do you mean I'm bourgeoisie?
- La Plaineism - You're actually more willing to work with us. Great! The revolution will continue to live on, just as long as you remain on our side and support our Reign of Terror.
Wait, what do you mean you don't hold partisan alliances? And why did you originally side with them?
- Constitutional Monarchism - You're confusing me! Do you have a constitution now? Why?!
- Monarcho-Socialism - You're making me extremely confused.
- Dantonism - Too moderate!
- Progressivism - You're not going far enough.
- Radicalism - Important influence on me, but why did Paine join them?
- Fascism - What the hell are you?
- Tridemism - Based republican and nationalist revolutionaries, but too culturally conservative and moderate.
- State Atheism - I too hate religion, but Robespierre is our divine savior who freed France from tyranny! Of course we should worship him!
- Jeffersonian Democracy - Thanks for your support but you're too much like him.
À LA GUILLOTINE!
- Feuillantism - Why on earth do you want to keep the king? À LA GUILLOTINE!
- Girondism - You may have originally been a fellow comrade in the Revolution, but you became counter-revolutionary against my goals. À LA GUILLOTINE!
- Monarchism - À LA GUILLOTINE!
- Feudalism - À LA GUILLOTINE!
- Traditionalism - À LA GUILLOTINE!
- Conservatism - À LA GUILLOTINE!
- Classical Conservatism - À LA GUILLOTINE!
- Apoliticism - Apathy? À LA GUILLOTINE!
- Monarcho-Capitalism - King and a capitalist pig? À LA GUILLOTINE!
- Reactionaryism - Stop trying to undo my f*cking work! À LA GUILLOTINE!
- Neoreactionarism - Why the f*ck are you trying to undo my work? À LA GUILLOTINE!
- Alt-Right - You are just the above guy with a cringe disguise. À LA GUILLOTINE!
- Alt-Lite - Same as above but girondin. À LA GUILLOTINE!
- Monarcho-Fascism - À LA GUILLOTINE!
- Anarcho-Monarchism - I don't care that you claim to be an 'anarchist', all kings shall meet LA GUILLOTINE!
- Kleptocracy - À LA GUILLOTINE YOU THIEF SCUM!
- Reactionary Socialism - Fake socialist! À LA GUILLOTINE!
- Jacobitism - We are nothing alike! À LA GUILLOTINE!
- French Fascism - WTF? À LA GUILLOTINE, bootlicking traitor!
- Longism - Every man a king? Challenge accepted, À LA GUILLOTINE! WE WILL GUILLOTINE ALL THOSE WHO YOU HAVE MADE INTO KINGS!!
- Pinochetism - A helicopter? I prefer LA GUILLOTINE!
- Thermidorianism - What do you mean it's my turn to die at the guillotine? À LA GUILLO- Ow, my jaw!
- A Treatise on the Social Compact, Or, The Principles of Political Law or just The Social Contract by Jean-Jacques Rousseau
- The Great French Revolution by Peter Kropotkin
- The Oxford History of the French Revolution (Preview) by William Doyle
- The Twelve who Ruled: The Year of Terror in the French Revolution (Preview) by R.R. Palmer
- Fatal Purity: Robespierre and the French Revolution (Preview) by Ruth Scurr
- A Place Greater than Safety by Hilary Mantel
Credit: u/The-Posadist, Source
Credit: u/marty_mcclarkey_1791, Source
Credit: u/BoIuWot, Source
Credit: u/Viharu, Source
Credit: u/character-confusion, Source
Credit: u/AndalusianUnion, Source
Credit: u/K-Tech, Source