Feminism is a usually culturally left-leaning ideology who focuses on women's emancipation and women's issues. While some may want to support intersectional ideas, the majority of feminist movements tend to promote ideas through a female perspective. While the many factions of feminism vary greatly they are genuinely unified by this common belief. This ideology usually represents more typical or moderate feminist movements which are typically more apolitical/centrist in ideology and does NOT represent specific radical or niche feminist ideologies.
Atheist Feminism is a branch of feminism that also advocates for atheism. Atheist feminists hold that religion is a prominent source of female oppression and inequality, believing that the majority of religions are sexist and oppressive towards women.
Postmodern Feminism is a mix of post-structuralism, postmodernism, and French feminism. The goal of postmodern feminism is to destabilize the patriarchal norms entrenched in society that have led to gender inequality. Postmodern feminists seek to accomplish this goal through rejecting essentialism, philosophy, and universal truths in favor of embracing the differences that exist amongst women to demonstrate that not all women are the same.
Sex-Positive Feminism, also known as pro-sex feminism, sex-radical feminism, or sexually liberal feminism, is a feminist movement centering on the idea that sexual freedom is an essential component of women's freedom. They oppose legal or social efforts to control sexual activities between consenting adults, whether they are initiated by the government, other feminists, opponents of feminism, or any other institution.
Pro-Choice Feminism is a version of feminism that advocates for reproductive rights for women. They support things like abortion rights and contraception access. Pro-choice feminism heavily overlap with sex-positive feminism because pro-choice feminists are (often) sexually liberal in their views.
Anti-Abortion Feminism, also clipped with Pro-Life Feminism, is a version of feminism that opposes abortion. Anti-abortion feminists may believe that the principles behind women's rights also call them to oppose abortion on right to life grounds and that abortion hurts women more than it benefits them.
Not to be confused with National Feminism.
Femonationalism, sometimes known as Feminationalism, is the association between nationalist and feminist ideology, especially when having xenophobic motivations. It argues that outsiders are sexist and poses a threat to women's values, this can be seen especially under Islamic immigrants.
Waves of Feminism
First Wave Feminism
First-wave feminism was a period of feminist activity and thought that occurred during the 19th and early 20th century throughout the Western world. It focused on legal issues, primarily on securing women's right to vote. The term is often used synonymously with the kind of feminism espoused by the liberal women's rights movement with roots in the first wave, with organizations such as the International Alliance of Women and its affiliates. This feminist movement still focuses on equality from a mainly legal perspective. This wave of feminism has near universal support in the modern day.
These feminists protested peacefully and demanded the right to vote by working happily and filling men's places in heavy industry during the first world. These feminists were possibly the more successful variant as their peaceful protests drew sympathy and their hard-working nature saving their country from shortages as best, they could drew support.
These feminists were infamously violent with their protests, they organized tenant unions during WW1 and bombed marshals and landlords with bags of flour when they tried to evict them for not paying rent (landlords tried to jack up rent during WW1 as all the men were off fighting). A few even burned down the famous Scottish poet, Robert Burn's house. Many were arrested and then went on hunger strikes, which led to them being force fed.
Second Wave Feminism
Second-wave feminism was a period of feminist activity that began in the early 1960s and lasted roughly two decades. It took place throughout the Western world, and aimed to increase equality for women by building on previous feminist gains.
Whereas first-wave feminism focused mainly on suffrage and overturning legal obstacles to gender equality (e.g., voting rights and property rights), second-wave feminism broadened the debate to include a wider range of issues: sexuality, family, domesticity, the workplace, reproductive rights, de facto inequalities, and official legal inequalities. It was a movement that was focused on critiquing the patriarchal, or male-dominated, institutions and cultural practices throughout society. Second-wave feminism also drew attention to the issues of domestic violence and marital rape, created rape-crisis centres and women's shelters, and brought about changes in custody laws and divorce law. Feminist-owned bookstores, credit unions, and restaurants were among the key meeting spaces and economic engines of the movement
Third Wave Feminism
Third-wave feminism is an iteration of the feminist movement that began in the early 1990s, prominent in the decades prior to the fourth wave. Grounded in the civil-rights advances of the second wave, Gen X and Early Gen Y generations third-wave feminists born in the 1960s and 1970s embraced diversity and individualism in women, and sought to redefine what it meant to be a feminist. The third wave saw the emergence of new feminist currents and theories, such as intersectionality, sex positivity, vegetarian ecofeminism, transfeminism, and postmodern feminism. According to feminist scholar Elizabeth Evans, the "confusion surrounding what constitutes third-wave feminism is in some respects its defining feature."
Third wave feminism is often critiqued as a "slut" movement, or something to that extent, referencing the fact that these feminists believe that they should be allowed to wear whatever they desire without fear of harassment or rape. Third wave feminism is firmly grounded in Individualism and rebelling from, in their view, a patriarchal society
Foundation of the Third Wave
The third wave is traced to the emergence of the riot grrrl feminist punk subculture in Olympia, Washington, in the early 1990s, and to Anita Hill's televised testimony in 1991 (to an all-male, all-white Senate Judiciary Committee) that African American judge Clarence Thomas had sexually harassed her. The term third wave is credited to Rebecca Walker, who responded to Thomas's appointment to the Supreme Court with an article in Ms. magazine, "Becoming the Third Wave" (1992). She wrote:
So I write this as a plea to all women, especially women of my generation: Let Thomas' confirmation serve to remind you, as it did me, that the fight is far from over. Let this dismissal of a woman's experience move you to anger. Turn that outrage into political power. Do not vote for them unless they work for us. Do not have sex with them, do not break bread with them, do not nurture them if they don't prioritize our freedom to control our bodies and our lives. I am not a post-feminism feminist. I am the Third Wave.
Walker sought to establish that third-wave feminism was not just a reaction, but a movement in itself, because the feminist cause had more work ahead. The term intersectionality—to describe the idea that women experience "layers of oppression" caused, for example, by gender, race and class—had been introduced by Kimberlé Crenshaw in 1989, and it was during the third wave that the concept flourished. As feminists came online in the late 1990s and early 2000s and reached a global audience with blogs and e-zines, they broadened their goals, focusing on abolishing gender-role stereotypes and expanding feminism to include women with diverse racial and cultural identities
Fourth Wave Feminism
Fourth-wave feminism is a feminist movement that began around 2012 and is characterized by a focus on the empowerment of women, the use of internet tools, and intersectionality. The fourth wave seeks greater gender equality by focusing on gendered norms and the marginalization of women in society.
Fourth-wave feminism became a movement for women to speak up and share their experiences online about sexual abuse, sexual harassment, sexual violence, the objectification of women, and sexism in the workplace. The internet gave women the opportunity for their voices to be heard around the world in a matter of seconds. Social media offered women the opportunity to speak freely about sensitive topics on their own time and on their terms. As women all over the world began sharing their personal stories, they realized the magnitude of the problem and how it was happening everywhere. Internet activism is a key feature of the fourth wave.
The fourth wave emphasizes intersectionality and interlocking systems of power, and how these contribute to the social stratification of traditionally marginalized groups, such as people of colour and trans people. Fourth-wave feminists advocate (like earlier feminists) for greater representation of these groups in politics and business, and argue that society would be more equitable if policies and practices incorporated the perspectives of all people.
Fourth-wave feminism argues for equal pay for equal work and that the equal opportunities sought for girls and women should extend also to boys and men in order to overcome gender norms (for example, by expressing emotions and feelings freely, expressing themselves physically as they wish, and being engaged parents to their children). The utilization of print, news, and social media platforms to collaborate, mobilize, and speak out against sexual assault, sexual objectification, sexual harassment, and other forms of gender-based violence is prominent.
Fourth Wave feminism is incredibly controversial as it is seen by many to want to regulate speech and control thoughts due to their hatred of "sexist" language and their calls to empower women leads to several others believing that they want to create a Matriarchy and enslave men. The movement is not helped by the existence of twitter where self-proclaimed feminists say these fears out loud.
In the comics, since there is no overt "canon" on how they act, therefore the feminism ball can typically be used in simplistic soap-box comics to strawmen certain political points either be shown as a stereotypical triggered SJW who gets angry over minor issues, and absolutely HATES men and calls everyone who disagrees with her "mansplainer" or "incel". (often as a strawman by rightwing mgtows) or as a perfect genderloving equalist who loves men just as much and fights for men's rights too even if it undermines her message of fighting for women's rights, Both of these are commonly used to convey a certain narrative based on the political leanings of the creator. The same thing applies regarding how they can be portrayed applies to most other feminist balls.
How to Draw
Drawing feminism is simple:
- Draw a ball
- Draw a Venus symbol in pink (#FF00E0)
- Add the eyes and you're done!
- (optional) Add a bow or a pink pussy hat
|Pink||#FF00E0||255, 0, 224|
|White||#FFFFFF||255, 255, 255|
- Progressivism - You support my battles!
- Liberal Feminism - YAAASSS QUEEN!!! Besides, you're pretty much just me but you kinda make us look bad.
- Anarcha-Feminism - You're kinda too radical for my tastes, but then again smashing the state and the patriarchy sounds pretty based.
- Marxist Feminism - I don't know if communism really is my thing, but hey, you talk about feminist issues and are a good comrade!
- Libertarian Feminism - Freedom to women!
- CyberFeminism - Women need to bash the patriarchy of male-dominated technology!
- Ecofeminism - Mother nature is described as a woman for a reason!
- Pacifist Feminism - Women are oppressed by violence!
- Conservative Feminism - Sex is a part of the patriarchy and exploitative! The only love we have is in God!
- Religious Feminism - Sex is a part of the patriarchy and exploitative! The only love we have is in (insert any other religious figure here)!
- Gay Men & Trans Men - You're not like those other men...
except him of course.
- Lesbians - You have great taste!
- Trans Women - We can fight against the Patriarchy together, even if you don't have the full experience with it yet
- Social Feminism - Feminism is necessary towards fighting against economic inequality!
- State Liberalism - You kinda scare me tbh. Also, implementing mandatory Women's Supremacy courses isn't a good way to empower women.
- Matriarchy - Women's empowerment is good but this is not how I'd go about it.
- Postcolonial Feminism - You are a pretty based feminist, but why do you hate us mainstream feminists so much and call us "white feminism"?
- Men's Liberation - I don't get why men need their own movement to be feminists, but hey, you're not a shitlord like Manosphere. But I kinda am getting "nice guy" vibes from you. Also, some of you aren't feminists and are critical of my movement which sounds like manosphere in denial.
- Radical Feminism - You're WAY too radical for my tastes, also stop hating Trans Women. At least you care about the cause and you're on our side. But still...
- British Fascism - YOU ARE A DISGUSTING FASH
But the suffrages gave you a lot of support and you supported our suffrages
- Maternalism - With all due respect granny, the times have changed, women can't be truly free if they have a "place" in society yet lack an equal place in society.
- Kemalism - You're amazing at glorifying women and liberating them from the feudalistic reactionary Ottoman patriarchy, but why did you not allow the establishment of the Women's People's Party ??????!!!!!!
- Tridemism - Similar to the above. You liberated the Chinese women from the oppression of the Qing and the Chinese dynasties, and enacted a gender quota in Taiwan, but why are you so paternalistic?
- Conservatism - FUCK YOU I'M NOT GOING BACK TO THE KITCHEN!
- Objectivism & Thatcherism - YOU OPPOSED THE WOMENS LIBERATION MOVEMENT!
- Fuentesism - Hello Nick, I am writing a story on men who never please a woman sexually. May I use your tweets?
- Hindutva - FUCK YOU TOO! I'M NOT GOING TO SERVE MY STUPID HUSBAND!
- Athenian Democracy - JUST LET ME VOTE ALREADY!!!
- Manosphere - Why do you hate women so much? What are you, an incel?
Wait, you actually are?
- People Power Party - You're like Lee Jae-Myung but worse, I can't believe you won the election!!!
- Homofascism - Don't tell me that you're gay because you hate women.
- Patriarchy - SMASH THE PATRIARCHY!
- Jihadism - CAN YOU SHUT UP AND STOP FORCING WOMEN TO WEAR HIJABS, YOU MISOGYNISTIC TERRORIST?! ALSO, I F**KING HATE HOW THE TALIBAN RULES AFGHANISTAN!!
- Khomeinism - YOU TOO, STOP FORCING WOMEN TO WEAR VEILS!!
- National Feminism - Please tell me you're just one of his sockpuppets to demonize the feminist movement.
- Islamic Theocracy - I'm not gonna be the 2nd/3rd/4th wife for you, get the fuck away from me.
- Dengism - It's not our fault for the declining marriage and birth rates in China!! It was your predecessor who caused it!!!
- Bonapartism - You
threw me in the trashtook away the rights of women under your rule, why could you just not make men and women equal, just like how you made poor men and aristocrat men equal? Also, present-day France is better than how it was under you!
- Orthodox Theocracy - STOP CALLING YOURSELF THE PATRIARCH! ALSO, LET ME BE ON MOUNT ATHOS!
- Kakistocracy - STOP SAYING I HAVE COOTIES! WHY CAN'T YOU LET ME INTO YOUR COOL PILLOW FORT?!?! I DON'T CARE IF YOUR STUPID SIGN SAYS "NO GURLZ ALLOWD!!" I'M TELLING MOM!
- Korwinism - You want women to earn less because they are smaller, weaker, and less intelligent than men? How stupid! Aren't there women who are also bigger, stronger, and more intelligent too?