Fascism is a totalitarian, culturally far-right, palingenetic ultranationalist, and "third-positionist" ideology. Fascism originates from the teachings of Giovanni Gentile and Benito Mussolini, originally outlined in The Doctrine of Fascism. Fascism has had many iterations throughout history which have built upon Mussolini's and Gentile's ideas, while the form of fascism that does not built off of it, but rather follows the original doctrine is called Italian Fascism or Classical Fascism.
The name "fascism" comes from the Etruscan symbol by the name of "fasces", which is a bound bundle of wooden rods, sometimes including an axe with its blade emerging. This iconography meant to symbolize the common fascistic belief pervading their doctrine, that, in their belief, the citizenry of the nation, as vermin-like and unworthy as they are, are weak divided, but strong united under the banner, whether that banner be of state, nation, army, or really anything of the like, much like the tight-bound sticks of a fasces".
Italian Fascism is the original fascist ideology, born from the writings and practices of Giovanni Gentile and Benito Mussolini. We see it's historical practice by Benito Mussolini's parties: the National Fascist Party (PNF), which ruled the Kingdom of Italy from 1922 until 1943, and the Republican Fascist Party that lorded over the Italian Social Republic from 1943 to 1945. Italian Fascism is also seen with-in the post-war Italian Social Movement.
Neo-Fascism originates from the aftermath of World War II and the defeat of the Axis Powers. Neo-Fascism tends to believe that it's own nation is supieor to all others but is usually less associative with Totalitarianism but still holds the concepts of Authoritarian Democracy.
Neo-Fascism is usually right to far-right politically, but still somewhat Corporatist economically. Neo-Fascism caries many ideals from National Socialism as it took concepts from the Italian Social Republic (1944-1945).
The first major Neo-Fascist movement was the Italian Social Movement, which was dissolved in 1995. Some people associate Neo-Fascism with Francoism as the Fascist ideology continued to rule Spain up until 1975, which is decades after World War II ended. A more well known variation of Neo-Fascism is Neo-Nazism which is the National Socialist version of Neo-Fascism. Neo-Nazism tends to be more racist than generic Neo-Fascism is, but not as much as National Socialism is.
Neo-Fascism has gained recent popularity in Greece following the Great Recession and recent economic hardships in the country leading to creation of the political party Golden Dawn. In the United States, Neo-Nazism has seen a resurgence in power following the 2016 election of Donald Trump . A notable Neo-Fascist and Neo-Nazi movement is the third version of the Ku Klux Klan , which evolved into Neo-Fascism and Neo-Nazism after 1950 despite intially being Neo-Confederate. Neo-Fascism also has it's roots in Alt-Right.
Distinct Iterations of Fascism
- National Socialism
- Showa Statism
- Esoteric Fascism
Fascism as a Pejorative
Main article: Stalinism
The term 'Red Fascism' or 'Left-Wing Fascism' refers to the traits of Stalinism that could be considered Totalitarian and Fascist. One major trait of Red Fascism that it carries from Fascism is Anti-Capitalism. Red Fascism, being an offshoot of Marxism–Leninism, is considered a communistic ideology and doesn't carry over Corporatism or Anti-Communism. Though, Red Fascism does carry over Anti-Liberalism and, to an extent, National Conservatism.
The term 'Liberal Fascism' was coined 2008 by Jonah Goldberg who explained that Fascism and Social Liberalism had the same root. It only gained attention on the PCB Wiki after MapOfFish LARPed as a Liberal Fascist and explained it as an ideology where Liberalism and Progressivism are enforced through Totalitarianism. Liberal Fascism is often mistaken with State Liberalism and Reactionary Liberalism.
The term "social fascism" is used by Stalinists to describe Social Democracy, to make them look bad by making an analogy with a fascist 3rd position and social demoracy's "reformed capitalism". Welfare Chauvinism can be considered a more literal interpretation of the term.
Ultranationalism is one of the tenets Fascist elements tend to agree on. They emphasize the importance of extreme devotion to one's own nation, state, or otherwise, without care to the individual. As such, Fascism could be easily argued to be a rather anti Individualist ideology, in fact extremely so, at least in vein of the greater society.
Fascism, especially when taken through the lens of the more traditional sort, tend to despise both traditional markets & Communism seeing both of them as degenerate, failures and denigrations to humanity. These corrupted ideal leads them to conclude that the only sound economic system is Corporatism seeing as it as the only non-degenerate with no failures. Mind you, some more modern Fascistic elements have begun to lean toward Marxist or Capitalist (Sometimes mixes of both ), however, generally Fascism is Corporatist economically.
It is common, though it not a rule, that Fascist ideals and nations tend to be imperialist in nature. For examples of this, we can look back the the Second World War, with the Fascist Italy taking over Ethiopia and Albania, and the Nazi Germany taking over most of Europe. These goals were bought on either by a concept of irredentism, commonly defined as reclaiming lost land to reach your nation's greatest extent, or expansionism, which is the the desire to gain more land. Sometimes both can be used as justification, like in Germany, where the idea of Lebensraum ran rampant.
Fascism favors having a totalitarian dictator that has complete control over the country, subjecting all people who oppose the dictator to prison time or execution.
Many forms of Fascism, such as National Socialism, are heavily based around race and/or ethnicity, however, Classical or Italian Fascism (the original form of Fascism based solely on the ideas of Benito Mussolini and Giovanni Gentile) is not primarily focused on race or ethnicity, and instead is based more so around Cultural Nationalism.
More Classical varients of Fascism have very similar views on gays & most of LGBT+ Community to that of National Socialism, meaning that they often hold rather critical views of such people publicly as a way to attack progressve opponents, while allowing such relations secretly to loyalists.
Fascism is often seen as contradictory by both Leftists & Rightists because it hates both Liberalism & Marxism-Leninism so most leftist claim that Fascism is a Capitalist ideology & many rightist claim that Fascism is Leftist ideology, but neither of these are correct.
How to DrawThe flag of Fascism is just the flag of the National Fascist Party of Italy, a black flag with a fasces on it.
- Draw a ball with eyes
- Make it black/very dark gray
- Draw a bunch of brown lines and another brown line underneath
- Draw a grey axe head next to the lines
- On the sticks draw a rope holding the bundle together
- (Optional) Draw Mussolini's Fez
- Draw a black trapezoid with rounded edges
- On the fez draw a red blob
- On the blob draw a golden eagle standing on fasces
- On top of the fez put a red line
|Dark Grey||#141414||20, 20, 20|
|Brown||#cbab72||203, 171, 114|
|Light Grey||#c4c4c4||196, 196, 196|
- Imperialism - Friend from the Roman times.
- Totalitarianism - My father who taught me how to govern the nation.
- Corporatism - My beloved economic model.
- Clerical Fascism - My religious son.
- Monarcho-Fascism - My monarchist son, the good old-days of the Kingdom of Italy.
It's still a shame that the king backstabbed me
- Eco-Fascism - My son who loves the environment.
- National Syndicalism - Syndicates matter too (as long as they're within the state).
- Falangism - My Spanish friend, you're welcome as ever.
- Austrofascism - My Austrian friend, I think you should ally with Nazis although you both had different ideas, in the end Austrians are ethnically and culturally Germans too.
- Authoritarian Conservatism - Pretty based, but be less reactionary and accept an alternate modernity.
- Catholic Theocracy - I thank you a lot for supporting me and acknowledged me as il Duce d'Italia. But you can leave now.
- Cultural Nationalism - Exalting my nation and my culture is essential for the strengthening of the country.
- National Socialism - A bit skeptical of this pure race stuff, and you kinda ruined my name, but I can't deny our shared ideals and alliances.
You kinda scared me sometimes.
- Showa Statism - Based but poor Chinese and Koreans, they belong to important cultures too, respect them.
- Welfare Chauvinism - Ensuring the people's welfare by means of unitary nationalism is one of my goals. Commies should stop acting like you being my social variant is a bad thing.
- Futurism - I love your art! Also, thanks for helping me take Italy! But why are you a progressive?
- Social Authoritarianism - Authpilled Succdem.
- Chinese Blueshirtism - Based friend from the East.
- Alt-Right - Modern online supporters.
- Keynesianism - "Fascism entirely agrees with Mr. Maynard Keynes, despite the latter's prominent position as a Liberal. In fact, Mr. Keynes' excellent little book, The End of Laissez-Faire (1926) might, so far as it goes, serve as a useful introduction to fascist economics. There is scarcely anything to object to in it and there is much to applaud."
- Esoteric Fascism - Can you stop calling me a "christcuck"? And wtf is this Jewish souls business? And pls tone down the paganism.
- Islamic Theocracy - I would support you if you promise your people doesn't massively come to my country.
They even gave me the title of "Protector of Islam"
- State Socialism - I'd support Bismarck's State Socialism but you are different from that previous one.
- Anarcho-Fascism - Son, are you serious? How can you have "everything within the state" without a state?
- National Bolshevism - His c*mmie son. At least he has good social and cultural views.
- Fourth Theory - Same as above, but good job at hating liberals.
- National Capitalism - His c*ppie son. At least he has good social and cultural views.
- Racial Nationalism - "Race! It is a feeling, not a reality; ninety-five percent, at least, is a feeling. Nothing can make me believe that biologically pure races currently exist."
Don't bring up my racial laws
- Reactionary Liberalism - Obsolete conservative bourgeoisie but at least is better than the rest of his family.
- Stratocracy - You advised me to enter a war I couldn't win, then switched side, asshole! But then I wouldn't exist without you.
- National Conservatism - You have good ideas but you're too moderate. Just embrace me already!
- Strasserism - A great child of mine, but what's up with the socialism?
- Neosocialism - Same discourse for the guy above
- Dengism - If they keep comparing you to me then you shouldn't be that bad, right?
- Marxism - BIGGEST ENEMIES OF THE PEOPLE!
- Liberalism - Aren't you just communism again?!
- Democracy - Weak and degenerate system.
- Kleptocracy - I wish I was successful in getting rid of you.
- State Oriental Orthodoxy - We colonzied you, admit it and stop crying you n*gro orthodox scum.
- Anti-Fascism - COME HERE IF YOU DARE MOTHERFUCKER!
- Socialism - Degenerates who want to get rid of private ownership altogether and hate the nation, some based takes though, and I was once one of you.
- Capitalism - Degenerates who want to make everything controlled by bankers who hate the nation, some based takes though.
- Anarchism - All her children are degenerates, except for Anarcho-Fascism.
- Constitutional Monarchism - You're a traitor for surrendered to the Allies!
- Anarcho-Communism - Pure degeneracy!
Be grateful I translated Kropotkin's degenerate works into my glorious language!
- Neoliberalism - Degenerate like the last one but a lot smarter
ngl managerialism is cool.
- LGBT Conservatism- Trans-Human Rights? More like TRASH-UMAN RIGHTS!
- Anarcho-Pacifism - Blood alone moves the wheel of history.
- Classical Liberalism - Obsolete and tends to degeneracy but we were temporarily allies to defeat them.
- Titoism - You maybe killed the majority of our supporters, but even though the Poglavnik could escape.
- Supercapitalism - "At this stage, supercapitalism finds its inspiration and its justification in a utopia: the utopia of unlimited consumption. Supercapitalism's ideal is the standardization of the human race from the cradle to the grave. Supercapitalism wants all babies to be born exactly the same length so that the cradles can be standardized and all children persuaded to like the same toys. It wants all men to don the very same uniform, to read the same book, to have the same tastes in films, and to desire the same so-called labor-saving devices. This is not the result of caprice. It inheres in the logic of events, for only thus can supercapitalism make its plans."
- Stalinism - Mean Georgian who keeps calling anything he disagrees with the moderate wing of me!
- Marxist Feminism - You have two options: 1 - You get back to the kitchen. 2 - You get killed. The choice is yours.
- Kemalism - You should have listened to Recep Peker. Also, you are anti-imperialist and progressive.
- Social Democracy - Democracy?? Human rights??? Progressivism???? Free market and welfarism????? CRINGE!!
- Nordic Model - Same as the above but even worse due to lax immigration control and multiculturalism.
- Ba'athism - While we have a lot in common, you're still an anti-imperialist and an obstacle to the restoration of the roman empire!
- Palingenetic Ultranationalism
- Fascist syndicalism
- Benito Mussolini
- Fasces of Revolutionary Action
- Italian Fasces of Combat
- National Fascist Party
- Republican Fascist Party
- Economy of Italy under fascism
- Vital Space
- Italian Social Republic
- Italian Social Movement
Note: Notable fascists and people inspired by fascism. Includes people that adhere to various far-right, third-position, and anti-democratic ideologies.
- Giovanni Gentile (1875-1944) Italy
- Benito Mussolini (1883-1945) Italy
- Emilio De Bono (1866-1944) Italy
- Alberto de' Stefani (1879-1969) Italy
- Nicola Bombacci (1879-King-1945), Italy
- Augusto De Marsanich (1893-1973) Italy
- Julius Evola (1898-1974) Italy
- Stefano Delle Chiaie (1936-2019) Italy
- Giorgio Almirante (1914-1988) Italy
- Licio Gelli (1919-2015) Italy
- Philippe Pétain (1856-1951) France
- Oswald Mosley (1896–1980) UK
- Diana Mitford (1910–2003) UK
- Unity Mitford (1914–1948) UK
- Nesta Webster (1876–1960) UK
- Engelbert Dolfuss (1892-1934) Austria
- Anton Drexler (1884-1942) Germany
- Carl Schmitt (1888-1985) Germany
- Gregor Strasser (1892-1934) Germany
- Otto Strasser (1897-1974) Germany
- Adolf Hitler (1889-1945) Austria/ Germany
- Heinrich Himmler (1900-1945) Germany
- Hermann Göring (1893-1946) Germany
- Joseph Goebbels (1897-1945) Germany
- Klaus Barbie (1913-1991) Germany
- Heinrich Müller (1904-1942) Germany
- Reinard Heydrich (1904-1942) Germany
- Erich Koch (1896-1986) Germany
- Oskar Dirlewanger (1895-1945) Germany
- Adolf Eichmann (1906-1962) Germany
- Fritz Thyssen (1873-1951) Germany
- Otto von Bolschwing (1909-1982) Germany
- Josef Mengele (1911-1979) Germany
- Herta Oberheuser (1911-1978) Germany
- Alexander Löhr (1885-1947) Austria
- August Meyszner (1886-1947) Germany
- Hinrich Lohse (1896-1964) Germany
- Ludwig Müller (1883-1945) Germany
- Amon Goeth (1908-1946) Austria
- Adolf Heusinger (1897-1982) Germany
- Albert Schenz (1911-2007) Germany
- Léon Degrelle (1906-1994) Belgium
- Anton Mussert (1894-1946) Netherlands
- Vidkun Quisling (1887-1945), Norway
- Søren Kam (1921-2015), Denmark
- Kai Henning Bothildsen Nielsen (1919-1947), Denmark
- Per Engdahl (1909-1994) Sweden
- Konrad Hallgren (1891-1962) Sweden
- Lauri Törni (1884-1936) Finland
- Vihtori Kosola (1884-1936) Finland
- Elias Simojiki (1899-1940) Finland
- José Antonio Primo de Rivera (1903-1936) Spain
- Francisco Franco (1892-1975) Spain
- Colin Jordan (1923-2009) UK
- John Tyndall (1934-2005) UK
- Nick Griffin (1959-) UK
- Anders Behring Breivik (1979-) Norway
- Simon Lindberg (1983-) Sweden
- Anton Denikin (1872-1947) Russia
- Ivan Ilyin (1883-1954) Russia
- Ante Pavelić (1889-1959) Croatia
- Slavko Kvaternik (1878-1947) Croatia
- Savitri Devi Mukherji (1905-1982) France/ Greece
- Aleksandras Lileikis (1907-2000) Lithuania
- Bolesław Piasecki (1915-1979) Poland
- Jan Mosdorf (1904-1943) Poland
- Ferenc Szálasi (1897-1946) Hungary
- Jozef Tiso (1887-1947) Slovakia
- Corneliu Zelea Codreanu (1899-1938) Romania
- Ion Antonescu (1882-1946) Romania
- Horia Sima (1906-1993) Romania
- Milan Nedić (1878-1946) Serbia
- Dimitrije Ljotić (1891-1945) Serbia
- Kosta Mušicki (1897-1946) Serbia
- Sekula Drljević (1884-1945) Montenegro
- Bronislav Kaminski (1899-1944) Russia
- Andrey Vlasov (1901-1946) Russia
- Konstantin Rodzaevsky (1907-1946) Russia
- Alexander Belev (1898-1944) Bulgaria
- Stepan Bandera (1909-1959) Ukraine
- Nikolaos Michaloliakos (1957-) Greece
- Vladimir Zhirinovsky (1946-2022) Russia
- Alexander Barkashov (1953-) Russia
- Andriy Biletsky (1979-) Ukraine
- Dmitry Utkin (1970-) Russia
- Emperor Hirohito (1901-1989) Japan
- Hideki Tōjō (1884-1948) Japan
- Prince Naruhiko Higashikuni (1887-1990) Japan
- Fumimaro Konoe (1891-1945) Japan
- Masahiko Amakasu (1891-1945) Japan
- Kenji Doihara (1883-1948) Japan
- Yōsuke Matsuoka (1880-1946) Japan
- Masanobu Tsuji (1901-?) Japan
- Shirō Ishii (1892-1959) Japan
- Yasuji Okamaura (1884-1966) Japan
- Yukio Mishima (1925-1970) Japan
- Koichi Tsukamoto (1920-1998) Japan
- Puyi (1906-1967) Manchukuo
- Yoshiko Kawashima (1907-1948) Manchukuo
- Dai Li (1897-1946) Republic of China
- Wang Jingwei (1883-1944) Republic of China
- Plaek Phibunsongkhram (1897-1964) Thailand
- Naturam Godse (1910-1949) India
- Thanom Kittikachorn (1911-2004) Thailand
- Hasan Mahsum (1964-2003), China
- Ariunbold Altankhuum (?-), Mongolia
- Brenton Tarrant (1990-) Australia
- Rienthong Nanna (?-), Thailand
- Haj Amin al-Husseini (1890s-1974) Palestine
- Ahmed Hussein (1911-1982), Egypt
- Davud Monshizadeh (1915-1989) Iran
- Alparslan Türkeş (1917-1997) Turkey
- Abdullah Çatlı (1956-1996), Turkey
- Plínio Salgado (1895-1975) Brazil
- José Félix Uriburu (1868-1932) Argentina
- George Lincoln Rockwell (1918-1967) USA
- William Luther Pierce (1933-2002) USA
- Rafael Trujillo (1891-1961) Dominican Republic
- Maximiliano Hernández Martínez (1882-1966) El Salvador
- Luis A. Flores (1899-1969) Peru
- Michael Kast (1924-2014) Germany/ Chile
- Juan Péron (1895-1974) Argentina
- William Dudley Pelley (1890-1965) USA
- Francois Duvalier (1907-1971) Haiti
- Alfredo Stroessner (1912 - 2006) Paraguay
- Jorge Rafael Videla (1925 - 2013), Argentina
- Jose Lopez Rega (1916-1989) Argentina
- Robert Jay Matthews (1953-1984) USA
- Miguel Serrano (1917-2009) Chile
- Richard Butler (1918-2004) USA
- David Duke (1950-) USA
- Don Black (1953-) USA
- James Nolan Mason (1952) USA
- Gavin McInnes (1970-) Canada
- Richard B. Spencer (1978-) USA
- Mike Enoch (1977-) USA
- Patrick Wood Crusius (1998-) USA
- Nick Fuentes (1998-) USA
- Felix Lace "Black Pigeon Speaks" (?-) Canada
- Siegfried "Kongo-Müller" (1920-1983) Germany/ South Africa
- Johannes Van Rensburg (1898-1966) Union of South Africa
- Idi Amin (1925-2003) Uganda
- Mobutu Sese Seko (1930-1997) Zaire/ Democratic Republic of Congo
- Théoneste Bagosora (1941-2021) Rwanda
- Eugène Terre'Blanche (1941-2010) South Africa
- Fun fact: Fascist Italy didn't outlaw homosexuality since Mussolini believed that Italians were too manly to be gay anyways.
- James Strachey Barnes, Universal Aspects of Fascism, Williams and Norgate, London: UK, 1928, pp. 113-114
Credit: QuisaMaps, Source