European Federalism or Eurofederalism, sometimes called Europeanism, is a Pan-Nationalist ideology focused on creation of a federal and usually democratic superstate, uniting European nations.
Roman Republic and Roman Empire had a significant influence on the Europeanist ideology. The Roman Empire was the only nation that to this day, at its peak in 117 AD controlled majority of European continent and was the first ever Pan-European state. Rome spread its laws, culture, philosophy and later Christianity throughout Europe, forming the foundation for Pan-European identity.
With the coronation of Charlemagne as the Emperor of Rome in the idea of a sole sovereign Emperor would re-emerge in the West. The idea of the Holy Roman Empire possessing a special sovereignty as a Universal Monarchy was respected by the surrounding powers and subject states, even when that Empire had undergone severe fragmentation.
Ruling since 996 to 1002 AD Holy Roman Emperor Otto III dreamed of a united Europe, creating a concept of universal Holy Roman Empire that would consist of 4 lands: Germania, Italia, Galia and Sclavinia, effectively creating a Pan-European universal monarchy centered around the Holy Roman Emperor.
Italian Poet Dante Alighieri saw the reality he lived in as decadent and in civilizational decay. He compared his homeland, Florence to Babylon and said it was ruled by the lazy, dumb and malicious. The solution for that problem in his opinion was his concept of universal European monarchy. In Dante's opinion an Emperor already possesses everything so he can't fall to greed or envy. Alighieri's Universal Empire was to become a state that would fulfill all needs of its subjects, both material welfare and spiritual salvation. The Emperor was to be the servant of his people's, of which the dominant one would be Italians as the inheritors of Rome.
Another influence on Eurofederalism was French Emperor, Napoleon Bonaparte. The conquests of the First French Empire were another attempt to unite all of the European continent under single authority. They also had a significant influence in spreading the ideas of constitutionalism, nationalism and republicanism to all European nations. According to Felix Markham, during a conversation on St. Helena, Napoleon Bonaparte himself remarked: "Europe thus divided into nationalities freely formed and free internally, peace between States would have become easier: the United States of Europe would become a possibility".
The Pan-Europa movement was created shortly after the publication of Richard von Coudenhove-Kalergi's 1923 manifesto Paneuropa, which presented the idea of a unified European State. This movement, led by Coudenhove-Kalergi and subsequently by Otto von Habsburg, is the oldest European unification movement. His ideas influenced Aristide Briand, who gave a speech in favour of a European Union in the League of Nations on 8 September 1929, and in 1930, who wrote his "Memorandum on the Organization of a Regime of European Federal Union" for the Government of France.
After World War II
Created as the continuation of European Coal and Steel Community, spearheaded by French and German Christian Democrats, The EEC was meant to bind European nations together economically and bring their political and economic interests closer to prevent the possibility of another war between Europeans. While the EEC was far from anything resembling a federal state, it was something that Eurofederalists believed could in time evolve in a more integrated construct and someday a European Federation. One of EEC architects Jean Monnet believed that the EEC can be used as a tool for graudual centralization of political authority in Europe, justyfing it with common economic interest it would gradually turn into a Federal European Republic.
Another Post-WW2 proponent of a united European state was a former British Fascist leader Oswald Mosley. In his book The Alternative publicized in 1947, he argued that the traditional vision of nationalism that had been followed by the various shades of pre-war fascism had been too narrow in scope and that the post-war era required a new paradigm in which Europe would come together as a single state. Although Mosley rejected any notions for Federal Europe, instead calling for creation of a unitary European fascist republic, his idea of Europe a Nation was the first example of a far-right vision of united Europe.
Eurocommunists were a revisionist communist movement, that said they had developed a theory and practice of social transformation more relevant for Western Europe. One of the founding fathers of the European Union, Altiero Spinelli was a prominent figure among the Eurocommunist movement. After the war, Spinelli, leading the European Federalist Movement, played an important role in the early episodes of European integration, criticising the small steps approach and the dominance of intergovernmentalism, feeling even that the chance to unite Europe had been missed as sovereign states were re-established without any common bond other than the functionalist OEEC and the largely symbolic Council of Europe. Even the European Coal and Steel Community was felt to be too sectoral. The EFM believed governments alone would never relinquish their national power without popular pressure. They advocated a European constituent assembly to draft a European Constitution.
Just like with its predecessor, EEC, Eurofederalists see the modern EU as another stepping stone on the process of federalization. The debate between the future of EU is currently focused between 2 direction it may take. The decentralized "Europe of Nations" which is supported by people that would like to come back to more purely economic cooperation of EEC and "United States of Europe" which is supported by people that believe in Eurofederalism. One of the leading Eurofederalist organizations, other than the old European Federalist Movement, that works within the framework of the European Union is the Pan-European technoliberal party called Volt Europa.
While many identitarians generally dismiss the European Union as "corrupt" and "authoritarian". The Identitarian movement remains under the strong influence of ethnonationalism that prevents it from completely rejecting the Eurofederalist idea, the voices for a creation of Pan-European political body to protect European civilization from influences of Chinese and Americans are common among its members.
How to Draw
- Draw a ball and color it Navy Blue.
- Draw a circle of 12 golden stars.
- Add eyes.
|Navy Blue||#006AA7||0, 106, 167|
|Gold||#FFFF00||255, 255, 0|
- Pan-Nationalism - Europeans must stand united!
- Caesarism - I am your sucessor!
- Christian Democracy - ♥ Robert Schuman ♥ A Founder of our Union!
- Bonapartism - You too dream of United Europe.
I still like you even if you committed multiple atrocities.
- Technocracy - The perfect model.
- Technoliberalism - This, I love it
- Neoliberalism - A great friend of mine
- Nordic Model - Based Scandinvians!
- Liberalism - European liberals support me...
- Social Democracy - ...and SocDems too.
- African Union - Time to replace Russian gas with your gas. 
- British Fascism - Why do you insist on unitarism? Only federal Europe is sustainable.
- Universal Monarchism - Not really a Federal Europe, but good try.
- Multiculturalism - Everybody's welcome! Don't do anything stupid and watch out for them.
- US Democrats and US Republicans - "Friends" (depends on the president).
- UK Tories - So how's Brexit going for you?
- Walter Hallstein - Our other less talked about founder.
- Neoconservatism - NATO is good and all, but it's getting obsolete and the EU army will be better.
- World Federalism - We seem to have similar values, but you take it one step farther than I am ready for. Maybe one day I can support you when the time comes.
- Eurocommunists- I like that you too desire a united Europe, but please cut it out with all that communism stuff.
- Unitarism- We are NOT a unitary state, we are an alliance of independent countries!! They still need to do what the commission says though.
- Syncretic Populism - Grillo hates me, Zelensky likes me.
- Democratic Socialism - Mostly another annoying Eurosceptic, though some of his American supporters seem to have a weird crush on me.
- Dengism - The Chinese threat! We must cooperate to stop it.
- Putinism - The Russian threat! We must do something about it, by geting gas elsewhere.
- Lukashenko - The rogue threat! We must stop him before he destroys our unity.
- Ethnic Nationalism - One people. THE EUROPEAN PEOPLE.
- Jihadism - STOP TERRORIZING MY CITIZENS!!!!
- Trumpism - You almost ruined the EU-US relations!
- Left-Wing Populism - Dangerous to our democracy.
- Right-Wing Populism - Very dangerous to our democracy.
- Faragism - Cringe Brexit! Are you happy now?!
- Korwinism - I'm not the fourth Reich, you bigot!
- Reactionary Liberalism - Similar to the two previous one above him. Stop saying that I'm a globalist socialist progressive complot!
- Federalization of the EU
- United States of Europe
- Pan-European identity
- Stand Up For Europe
- Volt (political party)
- Guy Verhofstadt
- European integration
- Although the term "Pro-European" implies approval of the European Union, it is not inherently Pro-Eurointegration