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    Classical Liberalism is an economically Cap.png center-right to far-right, Libright-yellow.png mildly to moderately libertarian, and Cultcenter.png culturally variable ideology.

    He was conceived some time in the early 18th century as a child of the Monkeyzz-Enlightenment.png Enlightenment. He used to believe that people had an inherent right to their "Life, Liberty and Property" though he later amended that to "Life, Liberty and The Pursuit of Happiness".

    Classical Liberalism hatched the idea, partly inspired by the French Physiocracypix.png Physiocrats and their concept of laissez-faire, that individual freedom and a free market would result in a balanced economical equilibrium - as long as monopolies were not allowed to develop and destroy competitiveness. He viewed free trade as a path to universal peace and prosperity. He also often strongly opposed landed aristocracy, struggling against Monarch.png Monarchist and React.png Reactionary tendencies.

    ClassLib is considered the original inspiration for most of the Lib-Right ideologies, including Cap.png Capitalism, even though the modern concept of capitalism isn't necessarily entirely free market and free trade focused compared with the original Classical Liberalism; since monopoly and market power isn't vigorously kept in check, the state provides benefits to multiple specific corporations, and Protect.png Protectionism sometimes sneaks in when it's in the interest of powerful political and economical actors - revealing the connection to ClassLib's old enemy Merc.png Mercantilism.

    Some time in the early 20th century ClassLib became the father of Lib.png Liberalism, who managed to then make the Liberal Dynasty into what it is today; with his other offspring, Libertarian.png Libertarianism and Nalib.png National Liberalism taking on more fringe positions.



    Historically the philosophy of classical liberalism has a set of factors which have contributed to its creation and development; the most prominent of these factors include the individualistic attitudes and beliefs of especially the protestant Christy.png Christian faith, opposition to Sec.png authoritarian social contract theories which put the state or law as the source of ethics as opposed to the other way around, as well as the rise of international trade and Indust.png industrialisation.

    The foundation of classical liberal philosophy is generally attributed to the English philosopher JohnLocke.png John Locke[4] and his "Two Treatises of Government" (1689) - while the arguably equally important and intrinsically linked classical economy is based on AdamSmith.png Adam Smith's "An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations" (1776).

    Throughout the history of liberal thought, there's been competing branches, ranging from what could be called ConClib.png "traditionalism" Tradlib.png to Radlib.png "radicalism" Synthesis Market Anarchism.png. Thinkers such as John Locke and David Hume the icon.png David Hume may be considered relatively traditionalist, while thinkers such as Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Thomas Paine were much more radical in their concepts of liberty. Even Adam Smith may be considered relatively radical in his approach to certain things such as aristocracy and monopoly power, perceiving that markets could fail if natural monopolies were allowed to form.

    Development and decline

    The United States Constitution was firmly cemented in a liberal philosophy, and the later 19th century success of liberal policies, free trade, etc. in Western Europe and the United States contributed to a massive growth in productivity and exchange.

    Later thinkers such as Jeremy Bentham and J.S. Mill would introduce a utilitarian liberal approach which could be considered a part of a more left-wing branch, at least relatively, being also concerned with inequality resulting from the failures of markets in certain situations. This would eventually give rise to Soclib.png Social Liberalism.

    Towards the 20th century, there was still a marked division within the liberal ideology, and political radicals such as David Lloyd George in the UK were at odds with more traditionalist liberals as he passed the People's Budget which provided hitherto unprecedented welfare and sought to impose taxes on the wealthy, especially the landed aristocracy.

    In the UK, the liberals would eventually be marginalised by the increasingly dominant dichotomy between Soc.png Socialism and Cap.png Capitalism, with the Conservative Party taking on the mantle of Patcon.png Paternalistic Conservatism and the newly formed Labour Party wanting to drive social reforms even further than the Liberal Party.

    ModernLib.png Modern Liberalism and its meaning

    In the US previous to the 1930s election, Democrats, such as Cleveland.png Grover Cleveland, were Classical Liberals, thus the party was associated to (Classical) Liberalism and its members were regarded as Liberals. FDRismF.png Franklin D. Roosevelt, however, despite representing a huge shift from this ideology, kept on identifying along with his followers as a "Liberal". That's why in The US, liberalism is more often used to refer to Soclib.png Social Liberalism, while in other parts of the world liberalism kept a meaning closer to the original one of Classical Liberalism (though in Europe especially, political parties espousing the term "Liberal" are oftentimes mostly a mixed bag of Neoliberal-icon.png Neoliberal, Necon.png Neoconservative, Liberalconservative.png Liberal Conservative and Soclib.png Social Liberalism).

    Classical Liberalism and Libertarian.png Libertarianism

    Those who, in the US, used to identify as Liberals in the broader sense had to start calling themselves Classical Liberals, or Liberals in the Classical tradition, and later in the 40s they started using the term "Libertarianism" to refer to themselves, appropriating the term from Libsoc.png Libertarian Socialists, to be differentiated from the Democratic party adherents; and with the passing of time and the radicalization of ideas, the meaning of the term Libertarian.png Libertarianism shifted from a synonym of Classical Liberalism to a more modern version of it, and usually more radical, but sometimes the terms are still used interchangeably, such as Milton Friedman who described himself sometimes as a Classical Liberal and sometimes as a Libertarian.

    Some modern Libertarian anti-statists have started to (re)appropriate the term in order to make their vision of a society based purely on Property.png property rights and the Lfree.png free market more legitimate, but some say that it bears little resemblance with the views of the original founders of Liberalism, who were far from being Ancapf.png Anarcho-Capitalists, proposing instead something close to a Minarchist.png night-watchmen state.
    However some Anarcho-Capitalists argue that during the 20th century one can identify a distinct Synthesis Market Anarchism.png radical wing within the Classical Liberal movement, referring to Classical Liberals such as Gustave de Molinari, SpencerDar.png Herbert Spencer and Volu.png Auberon Herbert, thus calling themselves Classical Liberals (or rather Radical Classical Liberals) wouldn't be as far from the original meaning as it might seem at first.


    AdamSmith.png Adam Smith Thought ASmith.png

    Adam Smith was a Scottish economist and philosopher who was a pioneer in the thinking of political economy and key figure during the Scottish Enlightenment. Also seen as "The Father of Economics" or "The Father of Capitalism", he wrote two classic works, The Theory of Moral Sentiments and An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. The latter, often abbreviated as The Wealth of Nations, is considered his magnum opus and the first modern work that treats economics as a comprehensive system and as an academic discipline. Smith refuses to explain the distribution of wealth and power in terms of God’s will and instead appeals to natural, political, social, economic and technological factors and the interactions between them. In his work, Smith introduced, among others, his theory of absolute advantage. The Wealth of Nations was a precursor to the modern academic discipline of economics. In this and other works, Smith expounded how rational self-interest and competition can lead to economic prosperity. Smith was controversial in his own day and his general approach and writing style were often satirised by Tory writers in the moralising tradition of Hogarth and Swift, as a discussion at the University of Winchester suggests. In 2005, The Wealth of Nations was named among the 100 Best Scottish Books of all time. In light of the arguments put forward by Smith and other economic theorists in Britain, academic belief in mercantilism began to decline in Britain in the late 18th century. During the Industrial Revolution, Britain embraced free trade and Smith's laissez-faire economics, and via the British Empire, used its power to spread a broadly liberal economic model around the world, characterised by open markets, and relatively barrier-free domestic and international trade. Smith has been commemorated in the UK on banknotes printed by two different banks; his portrait has appeared since 1981 on the £50 notes issued by the Clydesdale Bank in Scotland ,and in March 2007 Smith's image also appeared on the new series of £20 notes issued by the Bank of England, making him the first Scotsman to feature on an English banknote.

    BourbonDem.png Bourbon Democratism

    The Bourbon Democrats were a faction in the Demcr.png Democratic Party during the late 19th century. They were never a formal group but were instead a collection of Demcr.png Democrat voters who coalesed around shared political goals. The term "Bourbon Demorcat" was actually a term created by their critics to describe their ideas as being old fashioned. Bourbon Democrats were supporters of Fiscon.png Fiscal Conservatism and Lfree.png Laissez-Faire Capitalism, while opposing bimetallism favoring the gold standard. They also supported Merit.png Civil Service Reform. Bourbon Democrats supported the business interests of banks and railroads as well as the presidential candidacies of Anti-Corrupt.png Samuel Tilden and Cleveland.png Grover Cleveland. The Bourbon Democrats ceased to be a force in American politics after Woodrow.png Woodrow Wilson was elected president in 1912 and named Lpop.png William Jennings Bryan, a leading opponent of the Bourbon Democrats, as Secretary of State.

    FDP.png FDPism

    JohnLocke.png Lockeanism

    Maderism.png Maderism

    Maderism is a political movement based on the ideology of Francisco I. Madero who seeked the resignation of the then President of Cball-Mexico.png Mexico PorfirioDíaz.png Porfirio Díaz. As a member of the upper-class Madero was able to acknowledge the systemic problems around Díaz's technocratic government. As a classical liberal from his time and taking inspiration from previous figures like Benito Juárez.png Benito Juarez he valued the political participation of the citizens from all sectors of society, freedom of speech and assembly, restitution of land and the adoption of a liberal economy that would allow the population to participate without restrictions from Porfirian aristocracy.

    Benito Juárez.png Pensamiento Benito Juarez

    Washdem2.png Washingtonism

    Washingtonism is based on the political ideology of the first President of the Cball-US.png Untied States, George Washington. Despite being elected unanimously, Washington was not a very deep political thinker. He considered himself to be a farmer and a soldier rather than a politician. As such he took a moderate approach to his position as President and surrounded himself with the brightest minds in America including Jeffersondem2.png Thomas Jefferson and Hamiltonianism.png Alexander Hamilton. While Washington valued the input from both men, he more often sided with Alexander Hamilton, particularly on economic and foreign policy issues. Above all Washington's main goal as president was to unite the thirteen colonies under the new federal government and prevent fractioning over geographic or political lines.


    • Sleepy & old
    • Slight Scottish accent
    • Likes to talk about the benefits of freedom and his correlation with knowledge and wealth
    • Act as a gentleman

    How to Draw

    Flag of Classical Liberalism
    1. Draw a ball with Eyes
    2. Draw a tricolour of Dark Blue, Gold and White.
    3. (Optional) draw a renaissance wig.

    You're finished

    Original: Flag of Classical Liberalism : vexillology

    Color Name HEX RGB
    White #FFFFFF 255, 255, 255
    Yellow #FFDB28 255, 219, 40
    Dark Blue #39386E 57, 56, 110


    Fellow Freedomites

    • Monkeyzz-Enlightenment.png Enlightenment - Thanks for helping me shape my worldview, dad!
    • Consti.png Constitutionalism - One of my major inspirations, I greatly admire him!
    • Lib.png Liberalism - I remember when you were a baby. You won't be as influential as me, but I hope that someday you'll prove me wrong.
    • Cap.png Capitalism - Quite successful. Focus a little more on being innovative and efficient rather than destructive and we're all good.
    • Libertarian.png Libertarianism - My quite extreme child. Taking some of my ideas a bit far, eh?
    • Radlib.png Radicalism - My radical son, but I have no idea what you're saying, please talk normally!
    • Soclib.png Social Liberalism - My progressive and welfare-loving grandchild. Doesn't flex on radical ideas like Radlib.png his dad, eh?
    • Liberaltarianism.png Liberaltarianism - Oh boy... Well you do combine the best aspects of Social Liberalism and Libertarianism but you're kind of *ahem* inbred.
    • Georgist.png Georgism - Ah yes, my forgotten nephew! Ground-rents, and the ordinary rents from land, are probably the best sources of tax revenue, indeed.
    • Socliber.png Social Libertarianism - Liberty and free markets, but do try to ease off the subsidies though.
    • Conlib.png Conservative Liberalism - My conservative leaning child!
    • Paleolib.png Paleolibertarianism - You and ConLib will get along just fine, I'm sure of it.
    • Liberalconservative.png Liberal Conservatism - My moderate conservative grandchild, who usually thinks that he's Conlib.png ConLib but he's more statist and centrist instead.
    • Girondi.png Girondism - My main representative in the French revolution.
    • Ricardosoc.png Ricardian Socialism - My socialist child, wanna talk ideas sometimes?
    • Fiscon.png Fiscal Conservatism - I like to discuss economics with him.
    • Soccap.png Social Capitalism and Orlib.png Ordo-Liberalism - Freiburg School is great too!
    • Xbert.png Christian Libertarianism & ChristLib.png Christian Liberalism - Definitely the best Christians, not to mention that many classical liberal writers were Christians.
    • Helv.png Helvetic Model - The best model nowadays.
    • Civnat.png Civic Nationalism - Most respectable stanistanist, Ernest Renan was great.
    • Modnat.png Patriotism - Similar to above.
    • Friedman.png Friedmanism & Hayek.png Hayekism - My greatest representatives in the XX century.
    • Coolidge.png Coolidgism - Protectionist but overall pretty good president.
    • Feuillant.png Feuillantism - My 2nd representative in the French revolution, a bit moderate even for me.
    • Jeffersondem2.png Jeffersonian Democracy - The American revolution was f*cking awesome! Also the rest of your ideas are pretty enlightning!
    • Monet.png Monetarism - Good monetary policy but gold and no central banks will be even better.
    • RightSocDem.png Right-Social Democracy - They accuse me of being him but I don't see anything bad about him.

    Tolerable Statists

    • Jacobin.png Jacobinism - You may be my oldest rival, but I still remember when we declared the First Republic together.
    • Soc.png Socialism - I remember my rivalry with you, good times.
    • Tradcon.png Classical Conservatism - You too... at least you're better than React.png Reactionarism.
    • Socdem.png Social Democracy - I admire your passion for liberty and equality but you're a little too close to Soc.png him.
    • Carlism.png Carlism - Our wars in Spain were bloody, though I admit that the Fueros sounds great.
    • Obj.png Objectivism - Huge (and irritating) fan of mine. Even when I agree with her, she's still kind of annoying.
    • Neoliberal-icon.png Neoliberalism - I wish you weren't so regulatory like your Lib.png dad. Also, what's with all these invasions with your Necon.png friend?
    • 3way.png Third Way - Ah yes, my great-grandchild who isn't very different from Neoliberal-icon.png their parent...
    • Libhawk.png Liberal Hawk - Am I seeing double?
    • Marketsoc.png Market Socialism - My son, how exactly do you expect this to work? At least you're rational enough to understand why we need a free market.
    • Liberalsoc.png Liberal Socialism - I largely agree with John Stuart Mill, but I'm still not so sure about this socialism stuff though.
    • Libsoc.png Libertarian Socialism - I like your style, but you have the same problem as the above.
    • Nalib.png National Liberalism - One of my oldest children. I wish he'd put more focus on liberties as well as for non-citizens. Also, these Altl.png idiots have twisted his views, so please stay away from them!
    • Reactlib.png Reactionary Liberalism - Bastard child. And I thought Nalib.png he could be a little crazy...
    • Natcon.png National Conservatism - The only good thing about you is Enoch Powell, the rest of you are statist traditionalists.
    • Rpop.png Right-Wing Populism - Similar to above but with a bigger mouth. Apparently AlexJ.png one of you is a fan of mine...
    • Austrobert.png Austrian School - My dear son, I admire your economic vision, I really do, but can't you see that Corp.png they stand in the way of the free market? I cannot believe I'm saying this, but some regulations are necessary!
    • Nation.png Nationalism - I remember when we both overthrew the old feudal systems, but you also caused a lot of damage in recent times, so you're a mixed bag overall. No offense, but please keep an eye on your Ultranat.png deranged children Fash.png.
    • Conmon.png Constitutional Monarchism - Tolerable unlike other members of his family. You helped me in Britain but I had to expel you from the Thirteen Colonies. No taxation without representation, bruv.
    • World.png Globalism - Economic globalization and world pacifism are based but one world government sounds like too much centralization of power I prefer competition between nation-states. It's okay to be a tax heaven.
    • World Federalism2.png World Federalism - Interesting idea, but still too much centralization.
    • LibAutocrat.png Liberal Autocracy - Hayek was right.
    • Timocracy.png Timocracy - I used to support you, forbidding welfare recipients from voting is a good idea.
    • Ancapf.png Anarcho-Capitalism - Uh...
    • Welf.png Welfarism - A bit less, a bit less, a bit less, etc...


    • Monarch.png Monarchism - 1776 WILL COMMENCE AGAIN! Revlib.png
    • Abmon.png Absolute Monarchism - SIC SEMPER TYRANNIS! Revlib.png
    • Merc.png Mercantilism - We need Free Trade!
    • Feud.png Feudalism - Why on Earth are you attacking me all the time?
    • ML.png Marxism–Leninism - He keeps calling me the "reactionary status quo" but look at me kicking monarchist ass over here!
    • React.png Reactionarism - Why on Earth would you reject the Enlightenment!?
    • Fash.png Fascism - Despot who opposes free trade and liberty. Basically the opposite of everything we stand for. Why do leftists think we're the same again? Appointing De Stefani as the Minister of Finance was a good choice though.
    • AusFash.png Austrofascism - Same as above but Austrian. Thanks for appointing Mises as the Minister of the Chamber of Commerce.
    • Nazi.png National Socialism - You tried to kill Mises!
    • Corp.png Corporatocracy - We need to talk, my Cap.png child... WHAT IN THE BLOODY HELL IS THIS?!
    • Altl.png Alt-Lite - You're not one of us and you will never be. You ruined every right-wing liberal movement with that culture war rubbish. And admit it, you're nothing more than a moderate version of Altr.png him. GET OUT OF MY SIGHT!! I'd rather you ignore what some of my authors and supporters have said about about immigrants, women, feminism and Islam.
    • Altr.png Alt-Right - You're an outright Neo-Nazi, which is even worse. Stop saying that only white people and white civilizations are able to follow or be the closest to my philosophy! Go ask Reactlib.png Reactionary Liberalism. Also ignore what some of my authors and supporters have said about race, black people, slavs and fascism.
    • Mansphere.png Manosphere - What do you want from me?! MGTOW and Neomasculinism are aren't that bad.
    • Whitesup.png White Nationalism - Another one?! Good Lord, leave me alone! Please don't look at what some of the founding fathers and my other supporters said about a white ethnostate.
    • SL.png Silver Legionism - You're like him Fash.png but American. Also they really like Washington for some reason.
    • Antifa.png Anti-Fascism - I'm not a fascist, I'm a liberal! I'm a cla-
      • Antifa.png - SMASH THE FASH! *bonk*
      • Clib.png Bloody hell? Where did I leave the musket?
    • Babouvism.png Babouvism - The seed of the communist evil!
    • Ormarxf.png Marxism - My archenemy in modern days.
    • Illeg.png Illegalism - Own a musket for home defense, since that's what the founding fathers intended. Four ruffians break into my house. "What the devil?" As I grab my powdered wig and Kentucky rifle. Blow a golf ball sized hole through the first man, he's dead on the spot. Draw my pistol on the second man, miss him entirely because it's smoothbore and nails the neighbors dog. I have to resort to the cannon mounted at the top of the stairs loaded with grape shot, "Tally ho lads" the grape shot shreds two men in the blast, the sound and extra shrapnel set off car alarms. Fix bayonet and charge the last terrified rapscallion. He Bleeds out waiting on the police to arrive since triangular bayonet wounds are impossible to stitch up. Just as the founding fathers intended.

    Further Information


    Note: List kept in rough chronological order.

    20th century and after



    Online Communities





    1. "On Power: The Natural History of its Growth", ch. 17, by Bertrand de Jouvenel
    2. Liberty or Equality by Erik von KuehneltLeddihn
    3. despite being Indigenous himself, Juárez destroyed indigenous land ownership, continued the war against the Maya and his army massacred Yaqui people
    4. Steven M. Dworetz (1994). The Unvarnished Doctrine: Locke, Liberalism, and the American Revolution.


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