British Fascism (shortened to BritFash) is an umbrella term used to refer to the many different Fascist movements in Britain from the early-1900s to the present day.
Primarially, the term is also used to refer specifically to the ideology of Oswald Mosley, and by extension his political party: the British Union of Fascists (BUF). Hereafter, this will be refered to as Mosleyism. Mosleyism perports to be economically third positionist, culturally far-right, authoritarian and nationalist, with anti-capitalist, anti-communist and anti-interventionist leanings.
While British fascists claim that the roots of their ideology lie deep in English/British history and traditions (often citing Oliver Cromwell's Protectorate and Thomas Hobbes' book Leviathan as examples, alongside particular reference to Tudor England), fascism in Britian primarially sprung up in response to Benito Mussolini's March on Rome in Italy and Adolf Hitler's rise to power in Germany.
One of the earliest Fascist parties in Britain was the British Fascists (initially called the British Fascisti), formed in May 1923 by Rotha Lintorn-Orman, inspired by the Italian fascist movement. Despite the BF being the first party in Britain to declare itself as 'fascist', there was little that united the party ideologically, which would be the party's Achilles' heel, as many (such as Arnold Leese, founder of the Imperial Fascist League) would split from the party on ideological grounds, leading to the party's eventual dissolusion in 1934.
The aformentioned Imperial Fascist League (IFL), founded in 1929, was much more focused than its predecessor party, being much more in line with Nazism (as opposed to Italian fascism), espousing anti-Semitism and Aryan superiority, with the party later recieving indirect funding from the Nazi party. The IFL, in fact, moved so far away from the initial Italian roots of fascism that they declared Benito Mussolini a 'pro-semite'.
By the 1930s, fascism had become cemented in the European (and by extension, the British) consiousness. In October 1932, Oswald Mosley, formerly an MP for the Labour Party, founded the British Union of Fascists (BUF). The BUF would, by virtue of being the most prominent fascist group in Britain at the time, codify the values associated with British fasicsm (see below).
The BUF, in order to maintain their hegemony over British Far-Right politics, attempted to reach out to the many other fascists groups, such as the aformentioned BF (prior to their collapse) and IFL (who refused). If groups refused, the BUF physically broke up their meetings, and would attempt to disrupt them at every turn.
While the BUF initially stayed neutral on the topic of anti-semitism, the party (and by extension, Mosley), eventually embraced it, resulting in many people abandoning the party. Furthermore, many also found the increasing violence of the party (a key example being the infamous 1936 Battle of Cable Street, where anti-fascists clashed with BUF 'blackshirts') distasteful, causing even more people to leave.
In the end, it was the Second World War that would bring an (albeit temporary) end to the fascist movement in Britain, as many groups were banned, with their members arrested, under Defence Regulation 18B and the Treachery Act 1940.
After the war, Oswald Mosley have created The Union Movement as a continuation of the old British Union of Fascists but more democratic aesthetic and much smaller then the BUF during its 1930’s heyday. The Union Movement eventually disbanded in 1973 when Mosley finally retired from politics. Mosley died in 1980.
Post WW2, various other British Fascist came into existence. For example, The British Movement was created by Colin Jordan in the year 1968 after the British National Socialist Movement and in 1975 Michael McLaughlin he became the leader of The British Movement until it was disbanded in 1983 after an election.
One of the most notable post-WW2 British Fascist figures was A. K. Chesterton, who created The League Of Empire Loyalists in 1954 after he had fell out with Oswald Mosley. This political group was rebranded into The National Front at 1967, and John Tyndall took over as leader after it merged with his organisation, the Greater Britain Movement, in 1972. Under Tyndall's leadership it capitalised on growing concern about South Asian migration to Britain, rapidly increasing its membership and vote share in the urban areas of east London and northern England. Its public profile was raised through street marches and rallies, which often resulted in violent clashes with anti-fascist protesters, most notably the 1974 Red Lion Square disorders and the 1977 Battle of Lewisham. In 1982, Tyndall left the National Front to form a new British National Party (BNP). Many NF members defected to Tyndall's BNP, contributing to a substantial decline in the Front's electoral support. During the 1980s, the NF split in two; the Flag NF retained the older ideology, while the Official NF adopted a Third Positionist stance before disbanding in 1990. In 1995, the Flag NF's leadership transformed the party into the National Democrats, although a small splinter group, which continues to exist to this day, retained the NF name.
The British National Party (BNP), under the leadership of John Tyndall, was originally an openly Neo-Nazi, Anti-Semitic, and White Supremacist movement. In 1999, Nick Griffin took over as the BNP’s leader. Griffin sought to broaden the BNP's electoral base by presenting a more moderate image (although he and many other party members continued to hold and express fascist views in private), targeting concerns about rising immigration rates, and emphasising localised community campaigns. This resulted in increased electoral growth throughout the 2000s, to the extent that it became the most electorally successful Fascist party in British history.
After peaking in the 2009 European Parliament elections, in which the BNP won two seats, the party subsequently went into decline, with much of its voter base being absorbed by the United Kingdom Independence Party, which was able to appeal to a more widespread number of voters than the BNP due to lacking a direct link to Fascism. Griffin resigned as BNP leader in 2014, being replaced by Adam Walker, and was expelled from the party a few months later. The BNP has declined to near irrelevance under Walker, who has been accused of treating the party more as a retirement fund than a serious force for politics.
Many political groups focused on British fascism have emerged in the 21st century, but most have either dissolved, or, particularly in the case of National Action, been proscribed by the British Government on the grounds of promoting terrorism (National Action condoned the murder of Member of Parliament Jo Cox by a far-right terrorist). Today, the most notable organisations are the British Democratic Party, Britain First, and Patriotic Alternative.
Women's Rights and Maternalism
British Fascism believes in Social Equality between the two sexes . Mosley believed that conflict between the two sexes only divides a people and creates a pointless competition between them. Mosley believed that morality must guide both sexes and that both have equal skills in what ever field they enter. British Fascism believes that women within Fascism should have fair conditions within industry, representation within parliament, special care for Mothers and their Children who would be given welfare support, equal pay, and proper education.
Mosley did believe though that women must understand the concept maternal needs. If their nation needs assistance then women are free to take up arms, work in factories, or assist in anyway for their nation and their people. But when there is no hard times ahead and peace is established, women must return home to preform their maternal duties and raise their children to create a new and happy generation of proud British Citizens.
Isolationism and Anti-Globalization
While his beliefs and ideology changed as he grew older, Mosley did believe that the races and nationalities of the world can work together and form friendship with one another but must remain restricted by borders to preserve the individual identities of these people and prevent Globalism. In his words: "We can live in peace and friendship side by side in separate nations and separate developments. But we cannot have the mix up of the peoples and races who are widely different divergent. It will lead to nothing but trouble!".
Pan-Nationalism and Anti-Communism
Mosley believed that his people should come first but once their own matters were settled they should assist the other European nations and beyond that, assist the hungry and ill of the rest of the world to prevent Communist from spreading.
The British Union of Fascists were heavily against the Second World War as they claimed peace can be formed between Britain, Germany, and all European powers. Mosley saw the war as just another pointless conflict that pitted European brothers against one another, dooming a whole generation and crippling Europe. If the European people fought one another they would of just given more power to the Communists and the Capitalists who wish to abuse and use the European people. If war must happen, Mosley believed that it must be waged against the Communists such as the Soviet Union who he knew desired to expand their borders and split Europe in half (Which they would end up doing).
British Fascism sees Capitalism as one of the roots of evil. It is a greedy belief that uses the manpower of the world for the gains of the few. Capitalism is also the reason why many Third World societies are driven to Communism. Capitalism abuses the native populations of many different nations whether they are Chinese, Japanese, Indian, or African, making these native people work in the sweat shops to create cheap goods that ruin the economy of European nations but also lead to the suffering of these native workers. Capitalism and the abuse of the native population is why nations like China turned to Communism, the largest population in the world gifted to one of the worlds largest threats. Beyond that, natives of these lands are brought to Western Nations to become cheap labour with a few white supervisors that leads to many Western Civilians losing their jobs for cheaper labour.
Griffinism is a variant of British Fascism, based on the views of Nick Griffin. It is primarily influenced by Strasserism, emphasising a strong anti-capitalist presence while still remaining opposed to Marxism. They believe in Ethnopluralism and promote unity between racial nationalists of all groups to join together to end Multiculturalism. They have supported Black Nationalists such as Markus Garvey and Louis Farrakhan, aswell as Islamists including Muammar Gaddafi and Ayatollah Khomeni.
British Democratic Party
Personality and Behaviour
British Fascist is considered a fantastic orator but he has lost a lot of his popularity and has been in decline socially for decades. Is a gamer.
How to Draw
- Draw a ball with eyes,
- Fill the ball with red,
- Draw a white circle in the centre,
- Draw a smaller, blue circle in the middle of the white circle,
- Draw a white lightning bolt through the blue circle,
- Add the eyes, and you're done!
- (Optional) Draw a British blackshirt hat.
|Red||#CF142B||207, 20, 43|
|White||#FFFFFF||255, 255, 255|
|Blue||#00247D||0, 36, 125|
- Fascism - My main Inspiration!
- Monarcho-Fascism - God save the King!
- Nazism - Despite some antagonizing speeches against him I still love him.
- Pan-Nationalism - EUROPE LIVES AND MARCHES ON!
- National Syndicalism & Corporatism - My economics.
- National Feminism - The suffragetes were great aid to me.
- Classical Conservatism - We often get confused with each other but I don't mind it.
- Right-Wing Populism - Carries on my legacy in Britain, but insists he is still democratic.
- Blueshirtism - "Have the Irish ever heard this old english proverb? It goes along the lines of 'All is fair in Love and War."
- Falangism - I transliterated your anthem. Why are you a papist?
- Black Nationalism - I'm not racist! I have black friends.
- Ingsoc - You could've been nice if you weren't cringe socialists.
- Anarcho-Communism - Beat me up back in the 40's and all around scum.
- Anarcho-Capitalism - Capitalism and anarchism? How can you come up with something this bad?
- Zionism - Britain will not surrender to these "people."
- Queer Anarchism - "Any queers in the audience tonight? Get 'em up against the wall!"
- Globalism - You desire to destroy the the natural, the noble, and the beautiful. Turning the world in a large grey mess!
- Capitalism - Because of scum like you Communism is on the rise and allowed to ensnare so many different nations into it.
- People's Action Party - Stole my symbolics and speeches to become a part of global capitalism.
- Insurrectionary Anarchism - Screw you masked man for destroying me!
- Rotha Lintorn-Orman - Founder of the BF.
- Oswald Mosley - Founder of the BUF.
- Arnold Leese - Founder of the IFL.
- A. K. Chesterton - Founder of the NF.
- Nick Griffin - Founder of the Strasser/Third Positionist faction of NF and former leader of the BNP.
- John Tyndall - Founder of the BNP.
- Gary Raikes - Founder of the NBU
- British Fascisti/British Fascists (BF) (1923-1934)
- British Union of Fascists (BUF) (1932–1940)
- Imperial League of Fascists (ILF) (1929–1939)
- Union Movement (1948-1973)
- National Party of Europe
- National Front (NF) (1967-present)
- Political Soldier (1960-1980s)
- Flag Group (1984-1989)
- Official National Front (1986-1989)
- British National Party (BNP) (1982-present)
- British People's Party (2005-2013)
- Britain First (2011-present)
- New British Union (NBU) (2012-)
- National Action (2013-present)
- Oswald Mosley: Hitler’s Fascist Man in Britain by Biographics
- The Battle of Cable Street: Britain's fight against fascism by BBC News
- Female Fuhrer - The British Fascisti, Britains 1st Fascist Party by The Lost Antiquarian
- The Rise of Oswald Mosley by TIKhistory
- Why Oswald Mosley turned to Fascism by TIKhistory
- Comparing the ideologies of Hitler, Mussolini and Mosley by TIKhistory
- MOSLEY 1998 Part 1 by BrAutist
- MOSLEY 1998 Part 2 by BrAutist
- MOSLEY 1998 Part 3 by BrAutist
- MOSLEY 1998 Part 4 by BrAutist
- What If Britain Became Fascist? | Alternate History by Monsieur Z
- Alternate History: Operation Sea Lion | Alternate History by Monsieur Z
- Britain's Fascist European Union | Alternate History by Monsieur Z
- Alternate History: "Fascist Britain" by Alternatehistorypt
- Fascist British Empire by Alternatehistorypt
- Different Fascism By Alternatehistorypt
- Nazi Britain By Alternatehistorypt
- What If Britain Went Fascist by The History Kid
- The Greater Britain by Oswald Mosley
- The coming corporate state by Alexander Raven Thomson
Credit: TheLegend2T, Source