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    İttihadism was a prominent Nationalist ideology in the Ottoman Empire, that came about after the Young Turk Revolution of 1908. Whilst the Revolution resulted in Education reform, the Secularization of Ottoman society and the expansion of women's rights, it also led to the rise of Turkish Nationalism, that culminated in the Armenian Genocide of 1915-1917. It was the official ideology of the Committee of Union and Progress.


    Beliefs

    Nation.png Nationalism

    The leadership of the Committee of Union and Progress (CUP) was always Nation.png Nationalist, but they didn't stress it until the Balkan Wars of 1912-1913, so not to worry the non-Turkish population of the Ottoman Empire. A big problem for the CUP was that the majority of Turks inhabiting the Ottoman Empire didn't see themselves as Turkish, but as Sunni Muslims who spoke the Turkish Language. To overcome this the CUP planned to revolutionise Turkish society to make the Turks aware of their Turkish identity.

    Cult of Science.png Cult of Science

    The CUP believed that the reason why the western world had became so successful in spreading their culture and beliefs around the world was their scientific advancement. The CUP wanted to form a Cult of Science.png "Cult of Science" and they were greatly influenced by Utsoc.png Auguste Comte and Reactcross.png Gustave Le Bon. The Unionists were strong believers in countries being Scientocracy Small.png ruled by a group of Scientists. The main problem preventing this from happening was the fact that the Ottoman Empire was a third world country and that the majority of the Muslim population was illiterate, therefore the populace didn't know much about science. The CUP were obsessed with science and many of their leaders were fascinated by chemistry. The Unionists believed that they were "societal doctors" who would apply modern scientific methods to solve all social problems. The CUP saw themselves as the Scientocracy Small.png Scientocrats who would save the empire with science.

    Darwinist.png Social Darwinism

    As well as having great faith in science, the CUP supported Darwinist.png Social Darwinism and the Scientific Racism that dominated Germany during the early 20th Century. Whilst the CUP weren't always proponents of Darwinist.png Social Darwinism, as they changed their beliefs on the subject depending on who was in charge and they would quite often change their beliefs from IslamNat.png Pan-Islamism, PanTurk.png Pan-Turkism to Cball-Ottomanism.png Ottomanism, depending on whether it was convenient to them or not. The only thing that mattered was that the Ottoman Empire would become a world power again. In fact originally the CUP didn't promote Darwinist.png Social Darwinism and even saw the Leftnat.png Armenian Revolutionary Federation as potential allies not an inferior race. But eventually the Darwinist.png Social Darwinism factions of the CUP gained control of the party.

    IslamNat.png Pan-Islamism

    During the Hamidian Regime of Sultan Abdulhamid II IslamNat.png Pan-Islamism became the state ideology, as Abdulhamid often stressed being the Caliph. The idea of Abdulhamid being the Caliph was very popular in Cball-British India.png the Raj. Even though the Young Turks deposed Abdulhamid in 1909 and put Mehmed V in power, they still promoted IslamNat.png Pan-Islamism. This was because if the Ottoman Sultan was the Caliph then the loyalty of the Muslims under Ottoman control would theoretically be ensured. The fact that Indian Muslims were more loyal to the Ottoman Caliph than to the British Empire was a big concern for the British.

    Fem.png Modernization Atheism.png

    Whilst the CUP would promote IslamNat.png Pan-Islamism, they had always been a Atheism.png secular organization. The Unionists cracked down upon Muslim 2.png Islamic Fundamentalists after the 1909 Counterrevolution which would strain the Union's relationship with the Ulema, but they would promote Muslim 2.png Islamism during the First World War to rile up the Muslim population of the Ottoman Empire. But the CUP still saw themselves as a Atheism.png Secular and Modernizing force. An example of their modernization was the passing of the controversial 1917 "Temporal Family Law" which was viewed as a significant advance in Fem.png women's rights and Atheism.png Secularism in the Ottoman Empire. Women were given more power in the household, became able to divorce their husbands and polygamy was restricted.

    Cball-Japan.png Weabooism Japanophilia

    The CUP were greatly influenced by Japan. The Japanese Empire had championed PanAsian.png Pan-Asianism which had greatly inspired the CUP's IslamNat.png Pan-Islamism and PanTurk.png Pan-Turkism. Since Japan defeated the Russian during the Russo-Japanese War, the CUP believed that the Ottoman Empire would defeat the Western Powers in a similar war. The CUP admired the Japanese for their embracement of science without losing their "Eastern spiritual essence". In the CUP eyes this showed that they could embrace science and Atheism.png secularism whilst also embracing IslamNat.png Pan-Islamism and keeping their Islamic identity. The fact that the Japanese Empire had defeated the Russian Empire, who were the Ottomans' main rival, made the CUP become absolute Japanophiles. The CUP intended to make the Ottoman Empire the "Japan of the Near East". The CUP saw the 1908 Young Turk Revolution as the Ottoman equivalent of the 1867-1868 Boshin War. In the west, they were terrified of the so called "Yellow Peril" (which states that the peoples of the East were going to destroy the powers of the West), but the CUP were excited by the idea of the Western Empires being terrified of the Eastern peoples.

    Strato-Antifurry.png Nation In Arms

    The CUP were greatly influenced by Colmar Freiherr von der Goltz's idea of a "Nation in Arms". The Japanese Empire had a code of Bushido (The Way of the Warrior) and indoctrinated all Japanese young men into believing that there was no thing more honourable than to fight (and die if necessary) to protect the Emperor. The Unionists were impressed by how well the Japanese fought in the Siege of Port Arthur, where thousands of Japanese soldiers were mown down by Russian Machine Guns, but they kept advancing out of love for the Emperor. The CUP wanted to emulate Bushido and the Ultranat.png Ultranationalist Culture of Japan. The Unionists also observed the Russian troops, tired and not even knowing why they were in Manchuria or at war with the Japanese in the first place, and concluded that troops needed a reason to fight or they wouldn't be effective soldiers. A major factor in the İttihadist ideology was the "Devaluation of Life" which was the belief that the Japanese, Turks and various other "people's of the east" didn't care if their lives were sacrificed for the greater good, but westerners foolishly clung onto their lives with all their might. They believed that the Ottoman troops would be motivated to fight for the concept of Jihad.png Jihad, and dying for the Ottoman Caliph. War, according to the Unionists, just came down to who had the strongest will to fight.

    Corptism.png National Economy Protect.png

    Before the 1908 Revolution, the CUP would boycott US goods and shut down the Public Debt Administration. They came up with the idea of the "National Economy" or Millî İktisat ,which combined elements of Corptism.png Corporatism and Protect.png Protectionism. The CUP wanted to create a new Bourgeoisie in the Ottoman Empire, which would be made up of members of the Proletariat. They viewed this as an effective way to combat Cap.png Capitalism. This Ormarxf.png Marxist rhetoric was later used by the 3 Pasha's against Armenians, who the 3 Pasha's viewed as Bankocracy.png Bankocrats who had stolen wealth from the Turkish people. This rhetoric was later copied by the Nazi.png Nazis. The National Economy greatly influenced Kemal.png Kemalism's economic policies.

    Authdem.png Authoritarian Democracy

    According to Turkish historian Handan Nezir Akmeșe, the commitment of the CUP to the 1876 constitution that they claimed to be fighting for was only "skin deep", and was more of a rallying cry for popular support than anything else.

    Anticommunism.png Anti-Communism

    After realizing that the Young Turks were not fulfilling their pre-1908 promises, workers from all the different nationalities and ethnic groups of the Ottoman Empire went on strike. Groups like the Jewish Socialism.png Socialist Workers' Federation and Demsocstar.png Ottoman Socialist Party were founded. The Young Turks were afraid of international solidarity between workers and enacted the Tatil-i Eşgaal Kanunu. In the Late Ottoman Genocides, communist intellectuals were exiled.

    Personality

    Before 1913 İttihadism isn't as racist as he becomes after 1913. After 1913 he becomes a psychopathic maniac who goes on killing sprees whenever he sees Armenians, Assyrians, Greeks and Kurds.

    How to draw

    Flag of İttihadism
    1. Draw a ball
    2. Draw the crescent moon and the star (like the Turkish flag)
    3. Color the ball in red
    4. Color the crescent moon and the star in White
    5. Draw the Turkish words surrounding the crescent moon and the star (like the Young Turk flag), the words should be in white
    6. Add the eyes and you're done
    Color Name HEX RGB
    Red #E30A17 227, 10, 23
    White #FFFFFF 255, 255, 255


    Relationships

    Friends

    Frenemies

    • Muslim 2.png Islamic Theocracy and Jihad.png Jihadism - You can be useful to inspire the troops, but stop trying to make the Empire a Theocracy!
    • Kemal.png Kemalism - You were inspired by me and you are very based, but why did you have to leave me?!?
    • Ottoman.png Neo-Ottomanism - Hates me for overthrowing Abdulhamid, but agrees with me on many non-trivial issues, such as imperialism.

    Enemies

    gallery

    More Information

    Wikipedia


    <comments />

    1. Riza opposed the anti-armenian laws and the genocides against armenians that was committed by the C.U.P.
    2. Left as soon as nationalist groups came to power

    Recent changes

  • TheJester • 7 minutes ago
  • Faaz Noushad • 8 minutes ago
  • Arthurwp • 8 minutes ago
  • Ronzipot • 18 minutes ago